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22 terms

Grammar Latin conjunctions

These are questions from the CLAA (Classical Liberal Arts Academy) Grammar 1 course, Lesson 40.
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What is a conjunction?
A conjunction is a part of speech which joins together and orders words and sentences.
How many things belong to a conjunction?
Three: (1) signification, (2) order and (3) figure.
How many basic significations of conjunctions are there?
There are 14 basic significations.
Copulative significations
Conjunctions: Et, Ac, At, Que, Atque, Quoque, Etiam, Item, Itidem, Cum, Tum, Nec, Neque, Neu, Neve. Basic meanings: Both, And.
Disjunctive significations
Conjunctions: Aut, Ve, Vel, Seu, Sive. Basic meaning: Either, Or.
Discretive significations
Conjunctions: Sed, Quidem, Autem, Vero, At, Ast, Sed Enim, Atqui, Quoque, Caeterum, Enimvero, Quod si, Verum, Porro Quin. Basic meaning: But, However.
Causal significations
Conjunctions: Nam, Namque, Enim, Etenim, Quia, Ut, Quod, Quum, Quoniam, Quippe, Siquidem, Quandoquidem, Proptera quod, Quatenus, Et, quo. Basic meaning: For, Because.
Conditional significations
Conjunctions: Si, Sin, Modo, Dum, Dummodo. Basic meaning: If.
Exceptive significations
Conjunctions: Ni, Nisi, Quin, Alioquin, Praeterquam. Basic meaning: Except.
Interrogative significations
Conjunctions: Ne, An, Utrum, Necne, Anne, Nonne, Num, Numquid. Basic meaning: Introduces question.
Rational significations
Conjunctions: Ergo, Ideo, Igitur, Quare, Itaque, Proin, Idcirco, Quambrem, Quocirca, Proinde, Propterea, Ob eam rem, Ea re. Basic Meaning: Then, therefore.
Perfective significations
Conjunctions: Ut, Uti, Ne.
Basic meaning: That, So that.
Adversitive significations
Conjunctions: Esti, Quamquam, Quamvis, Licet, Esto, Tametsi, Aliae id Genus. Basic meaning: Even though.
Redditive significations
Conjunctions: Tamen, Attamen, Veruntamen. Basic meaning: Nevertheless
Elective significations
Conjunctions: Quam, Ac, Atque, ut (when used in place of Quam). Basic meaning: Than, Rather than.
Diminutive significations
Conjunctions: Saltem, At, Certe, Vel. Basic meaning: At the least.
Expletive significations
Conjunctions: Quidem, Equidem, Nimirum, Autem, Scilicet, Quoque, Nam, Profecto, Vero, Enimvero, Sedenim, Enim (for Certe). Basic meaning: Truly, Now (resumes a thought, fills in a transition).
How many orders of conjunctions are there?
Three: (1) Prepositive, (2) Subjunctive, and (3) Common.
What are Prepositive conjunctions?
Prepositive conjunctions are those which "go before" in speech, as: Aut, Ac, Atque, At, Ast, Vel, Nec, Neque, Nisi, Seu, Sive, etc.
What are Subjunctive conjunctions?
Subjunctive conjunctions are those which "follow" in speech, as: Que, Ve, Ne, Quidem, Quoque, Autem, Vero, Enim.
What are Common conjunctions?
Common conjunctions are those which may both go before and follow, as: Ergo, Igitur, Itaque, Equidem, etc.
How many figures of conjunctions are there?
Two: (1) Simple, as Sed, Quidem, Enim and (2) Compound, as: Sedenim, Equidem, Etenim.