20 terms

Sadlier-oxford level F unit 12

Sadlier-oxford level F unit 12
STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

absolve
(v.) to clear from blame, responsibility, or guilt

SYN: acquit, exonerate, pardon, excuse
ANT: condemn, convict, incriminate

The judge absolved the falsely accused "criminals" of their "crime" with a pardon,
caricature
(n.) a representation (especially a drawing) in which the subject's characteristic features are deliberately exaggerated.
SYN: cartoon, parody
(v.) to present someone or something in a distorted way.

The artist provided amusing caricatures where the head was substantially larger than their body.
clangor
(n.) a loud ringing sound.
SYN: clamor, uproar
ANT: silence, stillness
(v.) to make a loud ringing noise.
The flashbang blinded and created a loud clangor in the assailant's head.
contiguous
(adj.) side by side, touching; near; adjacent in time
SYN: adjoining, abutting, next door to
ANT: detached, apart, distant
The friends were so contiguous one could venture to call them Siamese twins.
cupidity
(n.) an eager desire for something; greed
SYN: avarice, lust
ANT: generosity, contentment, satiation
The robber's cupidity for money was his downfall.
deleterious
(adj.) harmful, injurious
SYN: detrimental, destruction
ANT: helpful, beneficial, harmless
The deleterious chemicals were handled with care but the vapors alone killed the lab workers.
enhance
(v.) to raise to a higher degree; to increase the value or desirability of
SYN: improve
ANT: diminish, reduce, lessen
People with low vocabulary use swears to "enhance" their sentences.
enthrall
(v.) to captivate, charm, hold spellbound; to enslave; to imprison
SYN: fascinate, enchant, attract
ANT: bore to tears, repel, put someone off
The magician enthralled the young child and he set his life goal to become one.
extenuate
(v.) to lessen the seriousness or magnitude of an offense by making partial excuses
SYN: mitigate, diminish
ANT: intensify, aggravate, worsen
The mediator extenuated the heated argument.
implicit
(adj.) implied or understood though unexpressed; without doubts or reservations, unquestioning; potentially contained in
SYN: inferred, unspoken
ANT: explicit, expressed, stated
The girl took the implicit situation completely the wrong way.
incisive
(adj.) sharp, keen, penetrating (with a suggestion of decisiveness and effectiveness)
SYN: acute, perceptive
The hawk's incisive eyes were truly a work of millions of years of evolution.
ostentatious
(adj.) marked by conspicuous or pretentious display, showy
SYN: flashy, overdone, flamboyant
ANT: modest, plain, simple
The pretentious girl made her grandiose and ostentatious entrance on the first day of school.
paragon
(n.) a model of excellence or perfection
SYN: good example, ideal
The Valedictorian is considered the paragon of his class.
paraphrase
(v.) to restate in other words;
SYN: reword, rephrase
ANT: repeat verbatim, duplicate
(n.) a statement that presents a given idea in a new language
SYN: a rendition, version
The rough paraphrase brusquely gave the gist of the conversation.
politic
(adj.) prudent, shrewdly conceived and developed; artful, expedient
SYN: tactful, diplomatic, judicious
ANT: unwise, injudicious, rash
The political argument displayed great debating tactics.
prosaic
(adj.) dull, lacking in distinction and originality; matter-of-fact, straightforward; characteristic of prose, not poetic
SYN: commonplace, humdrum, literal
ANT: succinct, terse, laconic
The five hour sermon quickly became prosaic.
redundant
(adj.) extra, excess, more than is needed; wordy, repetitive; profuse, lush
SYN: unnecessary, verbose
ANT: succinct, terse, laconic.
The five hour sermon the following day was extremely redundant and basically went over everything the previous prosaic sermon did the day before.
sanctimonious
(adj.) making a show of virtue or righteousness; hypocritically moralistic or pious, self-righteous;
holier-than-thou
ANT: heartfelt, sincere, humble
The old Catholic church in its infancy was very sanctimonious by saying money was evil and yet requiring a "fee."
scintillating
(adj., part) sparkling, twinkling, exceptionally brilliant (applied to mental or personal qualities)
SYN: stimulating, lively
ANT:dull, boring, insipid
July 4 is an exciting and scintillating holiday.
winsome
(adj.) charming, attractive, pleasing (often suggesting a childlike charm and innocence)
SYN: engaging, delightful
ANT: unattractive, unappealing, repulsive
People who may look winsome are far from that; in fact they may be very evil people.