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29 terms

geography terms-tog year 3 week 1

geography terms lower/upper grammar
STUDY
PLAY
mountain range
a series of hills or mountains
source river
place where a river begins
mouth river
place where a stream or river flows into a larger body of water
peninsula
body of land jutting into a lake or ocean, surrounded on three sides by water
island
a land mass (smaller than a continent) that is surrounded by water
plateau
a landform that has high elevation and a more or less level surface
tributary
a branch that flows into the main stream
canal
long and narrow strip of water made for boats or for irrigation
delta
a low triangular area where a river divides before entering a larger body of water
sea
a division of an ocean or a large body of salt water partially enclosed by land
bay
part of a large body of water that extends into a shoreline, generally smaller than a gulf
port
a place where ships load and unload their goods
summit
the top point of a mountain or hill
inlet
a small opening between a small and a larger body of water
cliff
a steep high face of rock
isthmus
a relatively narrow strip of land (with water on both sides) connecting two larger land areas
mesa
broad, flat-topped landform with steep sides; smaller than a plateau
strait
a narrow channel of the sea joining two larger bodies of water
fiord
a long narrow inlet of the sea between steep cliffs
archipelago
a group of many islands in a large body of water
estuary
A habitat in which the fresh water of a river meets the salt water of the ocean.
fall line
area along which rivers form waterfalls or rapids as the rivers drop to lower land
glacier
a slowly moving mass of ice
piedmont
An area of land formed or lying at the foot of a mountain or mountain range
arroyo
a stream or brook
cataracts
strong rapids
chasm
a deep opening in the earth's surface
reservoir
a natural or artificial lake, usually made by damming a stream of running water
precipice
a very steep cliff