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Terms in this set (25)
What is Interlanguage?
A deveopmental system based on L1 , L2 input, language universals, and communication strategies.
Which of the following teacher actions would best support the development of the literacy skills of elementary ESOL students?
Providing students with motivating reading and writing materials and assignments at an appropriate level.
Where is the error in pronunciation in the word "she" if the student pronounces "she" as [si]?
Point of articulation. [s] is an alveolar fricative sound, and [ʃ] is a palato-alveolar fricative sound.
How would a native speaker of standard American English pronounce the word "these"?
What is an apropriate way to determine a new ESOL student's level for classroom placement?
To administer a diagnostic test.
How would a native speaker of standard English pronounce "laughed"?
Where is the error in the word "bed" if a student prounounces "bed" as [bet]?
[t] is a voiceless sound and [d] is voiced. Voiced and voiceless sounds.
What approach to language learning makes the greatest use of active participation, including gestures and bodily movement?
Total Physical Response
What method encourages individual accountability in cooperative group learning?
Evaluating the contribution of each individual member of the group.
When is subtractive bilingualism most likely to occur to second-language learners?
When the second-language learner has little opportunity to continue using their firs language.
The majority of the ESOL learners in the U.S. speak?
Created and selected to fit specific student needs rather than being standardized for the general population.
Graphically organize a student's knowledge and ideas about a topic, are particularly appropriate in the first stage of the writing process-prewriting and brainstorming.
What is Constructivism?
A throretical body of literature that views the human brain as having certain fundamental structures of understanding that enable it to draw meaning from experience. They believe that learning occurs as a result of interactions between the environment and the learner's mind.
What are Immmersion Programs?
Refers to programs in which native and non-native speakers of English work together, with all students learning content and language through two languages.
What is the Natrualistic Method?
A period of time devoted to learning solely by listening before any speaking is allowed.
What is Direct Method?
Pronunciation is taught through intuition and imitation; students imitate a model--teacher or a recording. A grammatical approach that focuses less on explicit instruction of grammar rules and structures and more on the repetition and memorization of language patterns.
What are Bilingual Programs?
Two-Way Developmental Bilingual Education, One-way Developmental Education, Transitional Bilingual Education, ESL taught through academic content using current approaches, ESL Pull-Out.
What is the Audiolingual Method?
It is patterns of drills and dialogue desighed to develop grammatical structures and vocabulary in a highly sequential structures and vocabulary in a highly sequential manner. Teacher reinforces accurate production and error corection through consistent feedback.
What is Total Physical Response?
Language learning method based on the coordination of speech and aciton. Emphasizes direct associaiton with the target language.
What is the Silent Way?
Subordinates teaching to learning. It presents learners with simple linguistic situations that they were to observe and then describe in the target language, focusing especially on the actions they witnessed.
What is circumlocution?
The use of more words than necesssary to express something, especially to avoid saying it directly.
Can provide information about how much students learn and retain from a unit of instruciton.
What is Language Experience Approach?
Students orally relate their personal experiences to the teacher; the teacher transcribes these experiences, complete with errors, and then developes other reading and writing activities based on the transcription.
What is a Digraph?
A pair of letters that together are used to repressent one sound. The consonants "sh" in the word "shirt" represents a single sound.
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