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62) The Ohio State studies indicated that leaders who were high in initiating structure received ________.

B) the lowest employee ratings

63) According to the University of Michigan studies, leaders who were ________ were associated with higher group productivity and higher job satisfaction.

A) employee-oriented

66) Which description best characterizes a 9,1 leadership style on the managerial grid?

B) task management

67) Which quadrant of the managerial grid generally identifies the most successful leaders?

D) top right

68) The key to the Fiedler contingency model of leadership is to match ________.

D) leadership style and situation

69) What does Fiedler's least-preferred coworker questionnaire measure?

B) leadership style of respondents who took the test

70) Fiedler assumed a person's leadership style ________.

D) is fixed

73) Your boss has total control over hiring, firing, and promotions in your department. He has ________.

B) high position power

74) Jobs in a firm are quite informal. Workers are versatile and switch tasks and responsibilities depending on the situation. In Fiedler's model, this firm would be said to have ________.

D) low task structure

75) Fiedler concluded that task-oriented leaders performed best when the situation was ________.

C) either highly favorable or highly unfavorable

76) Fiedler concluded that relationship-oriented leaders performed best when the situation was ________.

D) moderately favorable or moderately unfavorable

77) A major criticism of Fiedler's work stated that it failed to recognize that effective leaders ________.

B) can change leadership styles

78) In the situational leadership theory (SLT), readiness is defined as ________ to perform a task.

C) both the ability and willingness

79) ________ is defined in situational leadership theory (SLT) as a high task, low relationship leadership role.

A) Telling

81) A leader who pretty much leaves employees on their own is assuming this SLT role.

D) delegating

89) Results from the leader-participation model conclude that it is more important to talk about autocratic and participative ________.

A) situations than leaders

90) The most important conclusion from the leader-participation model is that ________.

B) a leader must change his or her leadership style depending on the situation

91) The path-goal theory sees the job of an effective leader as ________.

B) clearing the path between followers and their goals

92) A(n) ________ leader in path-goal theory gives specific guidance in performing tasks.

A) directive

93) An important trait of a(n)________ leader in path-goal theory is friendliness.

D) supportive

95) A(n) ________ leader in path-goal theory often makes decisions collectively with followers.

B) participative

96) Path-goal theory assumes that environmental factors such as ________ can change a leadership situation.

D) work group structure of followers

100) A participative leadership style works well with subordinates who ________.

D) have an internal locus of control

101) Leaders who are looking for exceptionally high performance from subordinates might try this approach

C) achievement oriented

102) A leader should avoid a directive leadership style when ________.

A) tasks are highly structured

104) Visionary leaders are leaders who guide by ________.

B) articulating a vision of the future

105) Transformational leaders are leaders who guide by ________.

A) inspiring followers

106) Which of the following is an accurate statement about transformational leaders?

C) Their organizations are highly productive.

107) Which term is most closely associated with transformational leaders?

D) inspiring

108) Which of the following is NOT a typical trait of a charismatic leader

D) erect body posture

109) Research has shown that ________.

D) charisma can be learned

110) "Trained" charismatic leaders had workers who were ________ those who had been led by non-charismatic leaders.

B) more productive than

111) Visionary leadership differs from charismatic leadership because of its focus on ________.

D) a positive image of the future

113) If a visionary-leader CEO switched from one company to another, you would expect ________ to follow her to the new company.

D) some employees and managers

114) Team leadership and traditional leadership in hierarchical organizations are thought to be ________.

B) very different

115) Consultant estimates state that ________ team leaders.

C) 85 percent of managers are not natural

116) A difficult skill for a team leader to learn is knowing when to ________ the team.

C) intervene with

119) When a design team is having problems getting its new simulation software to work correctly, the team leader takes on this role.

B) troubleshooter

120) When a team is considering joining forces with another team in the organization, the team leader takes on this role.

D) liaison

121) When two members of a team are having a personal conflict, the team leader takes on this role.

A) conflict manager

122) The key difference between team leadership and traditional leadership is that in teams ________ decisions.

A) employees are empowered to make

125) A unique problem that virtual leaders face is being understood without a ________ form of communication.

D) nonverbal

126) Being humble is a typical characteristic of ________.

C) Japanese leaders

127) A ________ would avoid publicly praising a productive employee.

B) Dutch leader

128) A ________ is characterized by high performance orientation.

A) German leader

129) Most leadership theories were developed in the United States, causing them to stress ________.

B) rationality over spirituality

130) All of the following appear to be universal elements of transformational leadership EXCEPT ________.

D) aggressiveness

132) Which of the following is NOT a key component of emotional intelligence (EI)?

C) active imagination

134) Evidence indicates that in leadership style, males and females ________.

A) are more alike than different

137) This is the dimension of trust that includes how honest a leader is.

A) integrity

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