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21 terms

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Cell
basic unit of structure and function in living things
Organelles
tiny structures that carry out functions necessary for the cell to stay alive ( little organs)
Cell theory
idea that all living things are composed of cells, cells are the basic units of structure and function in living things, and new cells are produced from existing cells
Prokaryotic
cells that do not have a nucleus ( Bacteria)
Eukaryotic
cells that have a nucleus
Cell Wall
protects the plant cell and maintains its shape
Plastids
Storage structure in plants, group of plant organelles that are used for storage of starches, lipids, or pigments
Golgi Bodies
package and move proteins outside the cell ( mail lady)
Mitochondria
Powerhouse of the cell, organelle that is the site of ATP (energy) production ( bodybuilder)
Microfilaments
Long, thin fibers that function in the movement and support of the cell
Endoplasmic Recticulum
is a network of folded membranes, It is the "highway system" for the cell and is used to transport supplies throughout the cell
Nucleolus
a small round body of protein in a cell nucleus
Cilia
The hairlike projections on the outside of cells that move in a wavelike manner ( eyelash)
Flagella
Long, tail-like projections used for movement ( long flag)
Cytoplasm
a jellylike fluid inside the cell in which the organelles are suspended
ribosome
Makes protein
Centrioles
Short tubes that help with cell reproduction
Lysosomes
Contain digestive enzymes for breakdown of food and waste materials ( breaks down bad things in the air)
Vacuoles
saclike structures that store materials such as water, salts, proteins, and carbohydrates ( stores dirt)
Cell Membrane
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters and leaves the cell
Nucleus
the positively charged dense center of an atom