fine arts quiz 2

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gregorian chant
official music of roman catholic church
gregorian chant
melody set to sacred latin texts and sung without accompaniment- monophonic
church modes
the scales of the Gregorian chants - 7 different tones, with an 8th that duplicates the first an octave higher
drone
one or more long, sustained tones accompanying a melody - used in hildegard's chant
troubadours
southern france composers
trouveres
northern france composers
estampie
medieval dance
organum
medieval music that consists of gregorian chant and 1+ additional melodic lines
ars nova
"new art"
polyphonic
main texture of renaissance music
renaissance
"golden age" of a cappella
motet
polyphonic choral work set to a sacred Latin text other than the ordinary of the mass
mass
polyphonic choral composition made up of five sections: kyrie, gloria, credo, sanctus, and Agnus Dei
madrigal
a piece for several solo voices set to a short poem, usually about love
lute
a plucked string instrument with a body shaped like half a pear
delete
delete
baroque
"fills the space"
visual art
elaborate
instrumental
popular type of secular music in the renaissance but still subordinate to vocal music
handel, bach
main composers of the baroque period
composers of the baroque period
claudio monteverdi, henry purcell, arcangelo corelli, antonio vivaldi
text
what was the most important part of music in the baroque period?
opera
what was created in the early phase of the baroque period?
unity of mood
characteristic of baroque music (_____of_____)
rhythm
continuity of _______ represents unity of mood
melody
opening _____ is heard multiple times throughout the piece
sudden dynamic shifts
what are the dynamics like in the baroque period?
movement
a piece that sounds fairly complete and independent but is a part of a larger composition
violin instruments
baroque orchestra based on ______
ternary
A B A
binary
AAB ABB etc (doesn't return to original melody or whatever)
baroque
music was written to order in the ______ period
concerto grosso
multi movement for small groups of instruments
usually: fast-slow-fast
ritornello
theme repeatedly used in fragments
tutti
"all"
fugue
polyphonic music based on one theme
libretto
text in opera is called _____
librettist
writer for opera is called _____
recitative
opera: presents plot material
aria
opera: expresses emotion
chorus
opera: group playing the part of the crowd
claudio monteverdi
italian, early baroque composer- "orfeo"
henry purcell
english composer buried beneath organ in wesminister abbey
"dido and aeneas"
ground bass
repeated musical idea in bass
also called "basso ostinato"
sonata
multi movement piece for 1-8 instruments
trio sonata
three melodic lines
basso continuo and two above
antonio vivaldi
late baroque italian composer
antonio vivaldi
il prete rosso (the red priest)
bach
german, late baroque composer
organist & violinist
binary
what form was the baroque suite usually in?
chorale
hymn tune with german text
cantata
multi movement church work for chorus, soloists, and orchestra
vernacular religious text
uses choruses, recitatives, arias, and duets
oratorio
large scale work for orchestra, soloists, and chorus
contains arias, recitatives, ensembles
no acting, scenery, costumes
based on biblical stories
handel
born in germany
wanted to be musical- dad wanted him to be lawyer
wrote operas in london
buried in westminister abbey
classical
supreme accomplishment of lasting appeal
classical
music and visual arts stress balance and clarity of structure in the ______ period
classical
main composers in _____ period:
joseph haydn
mozart
beethoven
homophonic with frequent shifts
texture in classical period
delete
delete
gradual
what were dynamic changes like in the classical period?
vienna
musical capitol of Europe
ternary
form of sonata (binary, ternary, ?)
exposition
development
recapitulation
sections in form of sonata (3)
coda
"tag" at the end of a sonata
minuet and trio
ternary form based upon stately court dance of the baroque
A B A
da capo
how a return of the minuet is marked
rondo
features a tuneful main theme which returns over and over
main theme alternates with other contrasting scenes
A B A C A
A B A C A B A
cadenza
break near the end of the 1st and sometimes last movement in a classical concerto
joseph haydn
early and mid classical period austrian composer
mozart
mid classical composer
child prodigy
short life
beethoven
late classical composer
german
wrote final pieces while deaf
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