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glycolysis or respiration
When molecules are broken apart in _________ the energy released in respiration is channeled into molecules of ATP.
Before a ____ molecule can be broken down to release energy, two phosphate groups must be attached to ____.
carbon dioxide, energy, and hydrogen
The breakdown of pyruvate in the Krebs cycle results in the release of:
The energy used to generate most of the ATP formed in aerobic respiration is released when electrons ultimately are passed from NADH to what molecule?
Which of the following is NOT ordinarily capable of being reduced at any time? NAD+, FAD, oxygen (O2), water
During electron transport phosphorylation, which ions accumulate in the outer compartment of the mitochondria?
You can find anaerobic bacteria in all of the following places, EXCEPT: the guts of farm animals, swamps, mountain streams, sediments of lakes and oceans, sealed canned goods
lactate, ethanol, carbon dioxide
If fermentation follows glycolysis, the two NADH molecules produced during glycolysis will (depending on the organism) be used to reduce pyruvate into either _____or _____and____.
The amount of energy released from glucose molecule is dependent on what happens to ______ atoms?
___can be produced by photosynthesis; is produced in the degradation of organic compounds such as glucose; is generated in anaerobic respiration; is released in aerobic respiration.
In the breakdown of glucose, the compound formed after two phosphorylation reactions is split into two 3-carbon compounds. The 3-carbon compound is named__.
H0ow many ATP molecules (net yield) are produced per molecule of glucose degraded during glycolysis?
During which phase of aerobic respiration is ATP produced directly by substrate-level phosphorylation?
The first forms of life that produced ATP probably used pathways similar to _____&_____.
The generation of concentration gradients across the membranes of mitochondria is known as which theory of ATP production?
When proteins and fats are used as energy sources, their breakdown subunits enter the ____ cycle.
Molecules associated with ____and the _____ cycle provide sources of energy for ATP formation, and intermediates in the formation of carbohydrates, lipids and proteins.
This compound is an intermediate product of alcoholic fermentation, but not lactate fermentation
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