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84 terms

Anterior/Posterior Surface Anatomy, Directional Terms, Body Planes/Sections, Body Cavities and Subdivisions

Exercise 1
STUDY
PLAY
Abdominal
Anterior body trunk region inferior to the ribs
Acromial
The point of the shoulder
Antebrachial
Forearm
Antecubital
Inner elbow
Axillary
Armpit
Brachial
Arm
Buccal
Cheek
Carpal
Wrist
Cephalic
Head
Cervical
Neck
Coxal
Hip
Crural
Leg
Digital
Fingers or toes
Femoral
Thigh
Peroneal
Side of Leg
Frontal
Forehead
Hallux
Big toe
Inguinal
Groin
Mammary
Breast
Manus
Hand
Mental
Chin
Nasal
Nose
Oral
Mouth
Orbital
Eye socket
Palmar
Palm of hand
Patellar
Kneecap
Pedal
Foot
Pelvic
Pelvis
Pollex
Thumb
Pubic
Genitals
Sternal
Breastbone
Tarsal
Ankle
Thoracic
Chest
Umbilical
Naval
Calcaneal
Heel
Dorsum
Back
Gluteal
Butt
Lumbar
Between the ribs and hips
Occipital
Lower back of head
Olecranal
Posterior part of elbow
Otic
Ear
Perineal
Between the anus and genitals
Plantar
Sole of the foot
Popliteal
Back of knee
Sacral
Between the hips/coccyx
Scapular
Shoulder blade
Sural
Calf
Vertebral
Spinal Column
Superior
Toward the head
Inferior
Toward the feet
Anterior
Toward the frontside of the body
Posterior
Toward the backside of the body
Medial
Toward the midline
Lateral
Away from the midline
Superior
Toward the head
Inferior
Toward the feet
Dorsal
Backside
Ventral
Bellyside
Proximal
Nearer the trunk
Distal
Farther from the trunk
Frontal
Longitudinal plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior sections
Sagittal
Longitudinal plane that divides the body into right and left parts
Transverse
Horizontal plane dividing the body into superior and inferior parts, also call cross sections
Midsagittal
A sagittal plane that lies exactly in the midline
Dorsal
Includes the cranial and vertebral cavities
Cranial
Cavity containing the brain
Vertebral
Cavity containing the spinal cord
Ventral
Includes the thoracic and abdominopelvic cavities
Serous Membrane
Thin, double layered membrane within body cavities
Parietal Serosa
Lines the cavity walls
Visceral Serosa
Covers the external surface of organs in a cavity
Diaphragm
Separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominopelvic cavity
Thoracic
Body cavity surrounded by ribs and muscles of the chest
Pleural
Within the thoracic cavity, contains the lungs
Mediastinum
Within the thoracic cavity, contains the pericardial cavity
Pericardial
Cavity containing the heart, and remaining thoracic organs including the esophagus and trachea
Umbilical
Center region surrounding the naval
Epigastric
Located superior to the umbilical region
Hypogastric
Located inferior to the umbilical region
Iliac
Located lateral to the hypogastric region
Lumbar
Regions that lie lateral to the umbilical region
Hypochondriac
Regions that lie lateral to the epigastric region
Coronal
Frontal Plane
Parasagittal
Median plane thats off center