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common core: RI 4.1, 4.2, 4.3, 4.5, 4.6, 4.10; RF 4.4 a & b; SL 4.1; L 4.4 b


a prefix or suffix that is added to a root word

ask and answer questions

to ask and answer questions about key details in a passage and use the text to find the answers that will help you better understand what you are reading


to show the similarities between two ideas, people, places, events, or passages


to show the differences between two objects, ideas, people, places, or events


a result of a cause

firsthand account

a description of a experience or event that is told by someone who participated in the event described

historical nonfiction

nonfiction text that tells about real events or people from the past

make inferences

to use information in the text and your won knowledge to figure out things that aren't stated directly by the author

main idea

the most important idea in a story or article

root word

the base, or main part, of a word

secondhand account

a description of an experience or event told by someone who did not directly participate in the events

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