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40 terms

ALTO Vocabulary Unit 5 & 6 (Level F)

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amnesty
n. a general pardon for an offense against a government; in general, any act of forgiveness or absolution
autonomy
n. self-government, policial control
axiomatic
adj. self-evident, expressing a universally accepted principle or rule
blazon
v. to adorn or embellish; to display conspicuously; to publish or proclaim widely
caveat
n. a warning or caution or prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior
equitable
adj. fair, just, embodying principles of justice
extricate
v. to free from entanglements or difficultires; to remove with effort
filch
v. to steal, especially in a sneaky way and in petty amounts
flout
v. to mock, treat with contempt
fractious
adj. tending to be troublesome; unruly, quarrelsome, contrary; unpredictable
precept
n. a rule of conduct or action
salutary
adj. beneficial, helpful; healthful, wholesome
scathing
adj. bitterly severe, withering; causing great harm
scourge
v. to whip, punish serverely; n. a cause of affliction or suffering; a source of severe punishment or criticism
sepulchral
adj. funereal, typical of the tomb; extremely gloomy or dismal
soporific
adj. tending to cause sleep, relating to sleepiness or lethargy; n. something that induces sleep
straitlaced
adj. extremely strict in regard to moral standards and conduct; prudish, puritanical
transient
adj. lasting only a short time, fleeting; n. one who stays only a short time
unwieldy
adj. not easily carried, handled, or managed because of size or complexity
vapid
adj. dull, uninteresting, tiresome; lacking in sharpness, flavor, liveliness, or force
anomalous
adj. abnormal, irregular, departing from the usual
aspersion
n. a damaging or derogatory statement; the act of slandering or defaming
bizarre
adj. extremely strange, unusual, atypical
brusque
adj. abrupt, blunt, with no formalities
cajole
v. to coax, persuade through flattery or artifice, to deceive with soothing thoughts or false promises
castigate
v. to punish severely; to criticize severely
contrive
v. to plan with ingenuity invent; to bring about as the result of a scheme or plan
demagogue
n. a leader who exploits popular prejudices and false claims and promises in order to gain power
disabuse
v. to free from deception or error, set right in ideas or thinking
ennui
n. weariness and dissatisfaction from lack of occupation or interest, boredom
fetter
n. a chain or shackle placed on the feet (often used in plural anything that confines or restrains); v. to chain or shackle; to render helpless or impotent
heinous
adj. very wicked, offensive, hateful
immutable
adj. not subject to change, constant
insurgent
n. one who rebels or rises against authority; adj. rising in revolt, refusing to accept authority surging or rushing in or on
megalomania
n. a delusion marked by a feeling of power, wealth talent, etc., far in excess of reality
sinecure
n. a position requiring little or no work; an easy job
surreptitious
adj. stealthy, secret, intended to escape observation; made or accomplished by fraud
transgress
v. to go beyond a limit or boundary; to sin, violate a law
transmute
v. to change from one nature, substance, or form to another
vicarious
adj. performed, suffered, or otherwise experienced by one person in place of another