How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

51 terms

Chapter 8

STUDY
PLAY
gēn
with, and; used with pronouns or nouns
Wǒ gēn wǒ mèimei qù chīfàn.
My sister and I are going to eat dinner.
gēn.... yìqǐ
together
Wǒ gēn wǒ mèimei yìqǐ qù chīfàn.
My sister and I are going to eat dinner [together].
yòu.... yòu.... (grammar)
both one thing and another; used with verbs, verb phrases or adjectives
Tā yòu gāo yòu shòu.
He is both tall and thin.
Tā yòu piàoliang yòu cōngmíng.
She is both beautiful and intelligent.
Tā yòu bù dǒng Yīngwén yòu bù dǒng Zhōngwén.
He neither understands English nor Chinese.
yìbiān.... yìbiān.... (grammar)
to do something while doing something else; used with verbs or verb phrases
Tā yìbiān chīfàn yìbiān kàn diànshì.
He eats dinner and watches tv [at the same time].
Wǒ zài Táiwān yìbiān jiāo Yīngwén yìbiān xué Zhōngwén.
While in Taiwan, I studied Chinese and taught English [at the same time].
lèi
tired
Nǐ lèi bú lèi?
Are you tired?
Wǒ hěn lèi.
I am tired.
è
hungry
bǎo
full
thirsty
máng
busy
wúliáo
bored
jǐnzhāng
nervous
shūfú
comfortable
bù hǎoyìsi
embarrassed, "excuse me"
méiyǒu bù hǎoyìsi
not embarrassed
xīngfèn
excited
nánguò
sad
gāoxìng
happy
shí shàng
fashionable
Nǐ zěnme le?
Are you alright?
Nǐ juéde zěnmeyàng?
Asking opinion - "How/what do you think about this/that?"
xiǎng
to think, to want
xiǎng zuò
to want to do
xiǎng kàn
to want to see, to want to read
xiǎng chī
to want to eat
xiǎng qù
to want to go to
Chīfàn!
Eat!
Shuō Zhōngwén!
Speak Chinese!
ba (grammar)
"suggestion" particle; used for suggestion or confirmation
chī ba
literal = "Eat"!; subtle = "Have some more to eat."
shuō ba
literal = "Speak!"; subtle = "Go ahead and say it!"
Wǒmen yìqǐ qù chīfàn ba.
Let's go get something to eat. ("ba" can mean "let's" when used in a sentence)
háishì
or; used for questions involving choice
Nǐ yào chī Zhōngguófàn háishì Měiguófàn?
Do you want to eat Chinese food or American food?
huòshi
or; used for narrative sentences or in negative question sentences
Zhōngguófàn huòshi Měiguófàn dōu hěn hǎo.
Chinese food or American food are both fine.
yīnwéi
because, since
Wǒ xǐhuan xué Zhōngwén, yīnwéi Zhōngwén hěn yǒu yìsi.
I like to study Chinese because Chinese is interesting.
suǒyǐ
therefore
Wǒ bú huì kàn Zhōngwén, suǒyǐ wǒ bú kàn Zhōngwén shū.
I don't know how to read Chinese, therefore I don't read chinese books.
yīnwéi.... suǒyǐ....
[Since].... therefore....
Yīnwéi tā shì Měiguórén, suǒyǐ tā huì shuō Yīngwén.
Because he is American, he [therefore] knows how to speak English.
spicy