212 terms

Reading Street 4th Grade Vocabulary

All vocabulary tested through the Pearson Reading Street series.
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grand
impressive in size or scope
memorial
something, such as a monument or holiday, intended to honor the memory of a person or event; ADJ: commemorative
peculiar
unusual, strange
positive
without doubt; sure
prideful
thinks a lot of himself, full of pride
recalls
remembers
selecting
picking out; choosing
docks
platforms built on the shore or out from the shore; piers
migrating
moving from one place to another, usually when the seasons change
scan
to look over quickly
scent
a distinctive odor that is pleasant
wharf
a platform built out from the shore into the water and supported by piles
yearned
wanted something very much
badger
pester; annoy continually with demands; persuade by asking again and again; Ex. The children badgered me into taking them into the cinema; N: a kind of mountain animal
bank
a financial institution that accepts deposits and channels the money into lending activities
, the land around a body of water
bristled
to become rigid with anger or irritation
jointed
having places at which two things or parts are joined together
patched
mended usually clumsily by covering a hole with a patch
ruffled
having decorative ruffles or frills, bothered or intimidated
rushes
grasslike plants with hollow stems
bargain
an agreement to trade or exchange; deal
favor
treat gently or carefully, an act of kindness or a good deed
lassoed
roped; caught with a long rope with a loop on the end
offended
hurt the feelings of someone; made angry
prairie
a treeless grassy plain
riverbed
a channel occupied (or formerly occupied) by a river
shrieked
uttered in a shrill scream as of pain or terror
glacier
a slowly moving mass of ice
impressive
having a strong effect, commanding attention
naturalist
a person who studies nature
preserve
keep in safety and protect from harm, decay, loss, or destruction
slopes
land that goes up or down at an angle
species
a group of plants or animals that are similar in some ways
wilderness
a wild and uninhabited area
fouled
in sports, made an unfair play
hoop
horizontal hoop with a net through which players try to throw the basketball
jersey
the uniform that the players wear
marveled
was filled with wonder; was astonished
rim
(basketball) the hoop from which the net is suspended
speechless
without speech; lack of words; quiet
swatted
hit sharply or violently
unbelievable
beyond belief or understanding
bawling
loud cries made while weeping
coyote
small wolf native to western North America
dudes
people raised in the city, especially easterners who vacation on a ranch
roundup
the act of driving or bringing cattle together from long distances
spurs
metal points or pointed wheels, worn on a rider's boot heels for urging a horse on
advice
An opinion about what should be done
argument
a disagreement
arrangements
plans made beforehand; preparations
descendants
all of the offspring of a given progenitor
dishonest
lacking truthfulness
script
something written by hand
snag
to catch and tear
ambition
a desire to succeed or be powerful
infested
to inhabit or overrun in numbers large enough to be harmful
landslide
the sudden movement of rock and soil down a slope, an overwhelming victory
quicksand
a pit filled with loose wet sand into which objects are sucked down
resistance
opposition to flow, the action of opposing something that you disapprove or disagree with
rickety
Not physically steady or firm; unsound, broken : down; shaky; likely to fall apart
roamed
moved around in a large area
vast
very great or very large
Constitution
a written plan of government
howling
to make a loud wailing cry
humble
not proud or arrogant; modest
politics
the work of government; management of public business
responsibility
an obligation or duty for which a person is held accountable
solemnly
in a serious manner
vain
conceited; having a high opinion of oneself
apprentice
works for an expert to learn a trade
atmosphere
the layer of air that surrounds the earth, The emotional feeling -or mood- of a place, scene, or event
chemical
a substance used in or formed by a chemical process; a substance that has a definite composition
club
a heavy stick that is used for hitting and swinging at something, a group of people who meet from time to time to do some special thing
essay
short nonfiction work about a particular subject
manufacturing
making products to sell
pressure
the force pushing on an area or surface, urgent or forceful demand
scales
small, thin, flat parts that cover a fish or reptile, an instrument of measurement made from two trays of equal weight on either side of a balanced center beam, climb up or over
biologist
a person who studies living things
bluff
a steep, high bank beside a body of water, to mislead or deceive; to fake
lagoon
a body of water cut off from a larger body by a reef of sand or coral
massive
Large and heavy; great in size or scope
rumbling
a loud low dull continuous noise
tropical
hot and moist air
brilliant
full of light
chorus
a group of people assembled to sing together
coward
a person who shows fear or timidity
gleamed
flashed or beamed with light
shimmering
reflecting light to seem sparkly; glimmering
destruction
the act of taking down, to damage
expected
thought something would probably come or happen
forecasts
statements of what is coming; predictions
inland
away from the coast
shatter
to break suddenly and violently into small pieces
surge
a large sea wave, to rush suddenly, to increase suddenly
announcement
public or formal notice announcing something
feature
an important or special part of something, characteristic
harness
to control in order to make use of, stable gear consisting of an arrangement of leather straps fitted to a draft animal so that it can be attached to and pull a cart
lumberjacks
people who chop down trees and haul the wood to a sawmill
requirements
things that must be done or standards that must be met
thaw
to melt
unnatural
not normal, abnormal, deviant
untamed
wild
analysis
the careful examination of something in order to better understand it
beakers
thin glass or metal containers with flat bottoms, no handles, and small spouts for pouring. Used in laboratories.
hollow
a cavity or space in something, a depression hollowed out of solid matter
identify
to name or list
lecture
deliver a lecture or talk
microscope
an instrument that makes small objects look larger
precise
exact
relentless
continuous; unstoppable, nonstop
aquarium
a tank or pool or bowl filled with water for keeping live fish and underwater animals
dolphins
sea mammals related to the whale but smaller
enchanted
under a spell; bewitched
flexible
capable of bending without breaking
glimpses
short, quick views or looks
pulses
regular, measured beats
surface
the outside layer; the top
advance
the act of moving forward toward a goal
developed
Being changed over time so as to be e.g. stronger or more complete or more useful
exhausting
making one very tired
headquarters
a command post for a group
impossible
not able to happen or exist
intense
very strong, very great, extreme
messages
collections of symbols that appear purposefully organized (meaningful) to those sending or receiving them
reveal
to make known
ancient
very old
link
connect
scholars
people who have studied certain topics and know a lot about them
seeker
one who tries to find; one who searches
temple
place of worship
translate
To put into a different language
triumph
victory; success
uncover
to make known; reveal; expose
amphibians
vertebrates that live in water and on land, smooth skin covers body, lay eggs, cold blooded
crime
an act that breaks a law and causes harm to people or society in general
exhibit
to show; to display
lizards
reptiles with long bodies and tails, movable eyelids, and usually four legs.
reference
used for information or help
reptiles
vertebrates that live on land, scales cover body, lay eggs, cold blooded
salamanders
animals shaped like lizards but related to frogs and toads. Have moist smooth skin and live in water or in damp places
stumped
to get stuck on something, puzzled, confused
concentrating
to give your full attention to something
dedication
the act of binding yourself (intellectually or emotionally) to a course of action
essential
Necessary
method
A way of doing something
parachute
an object that goes along with you as you fall and slows you down
steer
guide the direction of
underbrush
shrubs or bushes growing under tall trees in a forest area - thicket - valley
wind
wrap or coil around
curiosity
a state in which you want to learn more about something
glorious
magnificent; splendid
granite
A usually light-colored igneous rock that is found in continental crust.
ruins
what is left after a building, wall, etc., has fallen to pieces
terraced
formed into flat, level land with steep sides
thickets
bushes or small trees growing close together
torrent
rushing stream; flood, a heavy rain
coil
wind around something in coils or loops
descent
the act of changing your location in a downward direction
foresaw
predicted
rappel
to come down a cliff by sliding down a rope
ridge
Long, narrow strip of high land
shaft
a column of light (as from a beacon), a vertical passage into a mine
trekked
made a slow and difficult journey on foot
void
Empty
anticipation
the act of looking forward to
continent
any one of the seven largest areas of land on the earth's surface
convergence
coming together
depart
go away or leave
forbidding
looking dangerous, uninviting, or stern; frightening
heaves
to lift with effort
icebergs
masses of ice that float in the ocean
loomed
appeared in a large or threatening form
rille
a long, narrow valley on the surface of the moon
runt
undersized; a small animal or person
staggered
swayed or walked unsteadily
summoning
calling for someone to come, stirring to action; rousing; calling upon
taunted
jeered at; mocked; reproached, teased
trench
any long ditch cut in the ground
trudged
walked as if tired or with effort
ancestors
people who came before you in your family
avoided
kept away from; kept out of the way of
generations
any of the different age levels in a family, periods of about thirty years; from birth of parent to the birth of their child
minister
a person authorized to conduct religious worship
numerous
A large number; very many
pulpit
an elevated platform or stand used in preaching or public speaking
shielding
protecting; defending
boarding school
a private school where students are lodged and fed as well as taught
dormitory
a college or university building containing living quarters for students
endurance
the power to keep on without giving up
manual
a small handbook, done by hand
reservation
land set aside by the United States government for Native Americans
society
a community of people who share a common culture
affords
gives as an effect or a result; provides; yields
colonel
a military rank below general
glint
a tiny, quick flash of light
lurking
moving about in a secretive manner; sneaking; hiding
palettes
mixing boards for paints
quaint
charmingly old-fashioned
resemblance
similar appearance; likeness
backdrop
scenery hung at back of stage, the setting or background for a scene, event or situation
graze
let feed in a field or pasture or meadow
drought
a temporary shortage of rainfall
ceremonial
traditional;ritual; formal
shock
to surprise, collect or gather into a bunch
abundance
a great amount
astronauts
a person trained for space flight
capsule
a small container
hatch
a small opening with a door or cover
horizon
the line at which the sky and Earth appear to meet
lunar
relating to the moon
module
a self-contained component (unit or item) that is used in combination with other components
quarantine
isolation to prevent the spread of infectious disease
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