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77 terms

Apologia Biology Module 3

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The two subkingdoms
Protozoa and Algae
Locomotion of Sarcodina
Pseudopods
Locomotion of Mastigophora
Flagellum
Locomotion of Sporozoa
None
Locomotion of Ciliophora
Cilia
What is Amoeba an example of?
Sarcodina
What is Euglena an example of?
Mastigophora
What is Plasmodium an example of?
Sporozoa
What is Paramecium an example of?
Ciliophora
What is the habitat for P. Chlorophyta?
Fresh water
What is the habitat for P. Chrysophyta?
Marine and fresh water
What is the habitat for P. Pyrrophyta?
Marine
What is the habitat for P. Phaeophyta?
Cold marine waters
What is the habitat for P. Rhodophyta?
Warm marine waters
What is the organization of P. Chlorophyta?
Single cells
What is the organization of P. Chrysophyta?
Single cells, some colonies
What is the organization of P. Pyrrophyta?
Single cells
What is the organization of P. Phaeophyta?
Multiple cells
What is the organization of P. Rhodophyta?
Multiple cells
What is the cell wall of P. Chlorophyta?
Cellulose
What is the cell wall of P. Chrysophyta?
Silicon dioxide
What is the cell wall of P. Pyrrophyta?
Cellulose or atypical
What is the cell wall of P. Phaeophyta?
Cellulose and alginic acid
What is the cell wall of P. Rhodophyta?
Cellulose
What is Cosmarium an example of?
Chlorsophyta
What are Diatoms examples of?
Chrysophyta
What is Peridinium an example of?
Pyrrophyta
What is Marcrocystis an example of?
Phaeophyta
What is Corallina an example of?
Rhodophyta
What phylums are in subkingdom Protozoa?
Sarcodina, Mastigophora, Sporozoa, Ciliophora
What phylums are in subkingdom Algae?
Chlorophyta, Chrysophyta, Pyrrophyta, Phaeophyta, Rhodophyta
Pseudopod
a temporary, foot-like extension of a cell, used for locomotion
Nucleus
The region of a eukaryotic cell that contains the cell's main DNA
Vacuole
a membrane-bounded "sac" within a cell
What holds and stores food while the food is being digested?
Food vacuole
What regulates the amount of water in a cell?
Contractile vacuole
Ectoplasm
The thin, watery cytoplasm near the plasma membrane of some cells
Endoplasm
The dense cytoplasm found in the interior of many cells
Flagellate
A protozoan that propels itself with a flegellum
What phylum is called flagellates?
P. Mastigophora
Pellicle
A firm, flexible coating outside the plasma membrane
Chloroplast
An organelle containing chlorophyll for photosynthesis
Chlorophyll
A pigment necessary for photosynthesis
Eyespot
A light-sensitive region in certain protozoa
Symbiosis
A close relationship between two or more species where at least one bebfits
Mutualism
A relationship between two or more organisms of different species where all benefit
Commensalism
A relationship between two organisms where one benefits and the other is neither harmed nor benefited
Parasitism
A relationship between two organisms of different species where one benefits and the other is harmed
What are the three types of symbiosis?
Mutualism, Commensalism, Parasitism
What phylum is called ciliates?
P. Ciliophora
Cilia
Hairlike projections that extend from the plasma membrane and are used for locomotion
What is special about the nucleus of P. Ciliophora
It has two nucleuses: macronucleus and micronucleus
What does the macronucleus control?
metabolism
What does the micronucleus control?
reproduction
Spore
A reproductive cell with a hard, protective coating
What organism causes malaria?
Plasmodium
alternation of generations
a life cycle where different generations alternate between spore formation and other modes of reproduction
Plankton
Tiny organisms that float in the water
Zooplankton
Tiny floating organisms that are either small animals or protozoa
Phytoplankton
Tiny floating photosynthetic organisms, primarily algae
Thallus
The body of a plant-like organism that is not divided into leaves, roots, or stems
algal bloom
is when algae reproduce so rapidly that they turn the water the same color that they are
Cellulose
A substance (made of sugars) that is common in the cell walls of many organisms
What are three examples of green algae
Chlorella, Desmid, Spirogyra
diatomaceous earth
clump of dead diatoms
How is diatomaceous earth useful for us?
means of filtering liquids, abrasive in toothpastes, killing insects,
holdfast
A special structure used by an organism to anchor itself
Sessile colony
A colony that uses holdfasts to anchor itself to an object
What phylum is called dinoflagellates?
P. Pyrrophyta
red tides
Gymnodinium brevis algae blooms
What phylum is called brown algae?
P. Phaeophyta
What is used as a thickening agent?
alginic acid
What phylum is kelp in?
P. Phaeophyta
What phylum is called red algae?
P. Rhodophyta
What are two genera from P. Phaeophyta?
Macrocystis, Funcus
What are two genera from P. Rhodophyta?
Corallina, Hildenbrandia
What are the two kingdoms that contain the simplest life forms?
Monera and Protista