Apologia Biology Module 3
The two subkingdoms
Protozoa and Algae
Locomotion of Sarcodina
Locomotion of Mastigophora
Locomotion of Sporozoa
Locomotion of Ciliophora
What is Amoeba an example of?
What is Euglena an example of?
What is Plasmodium an example of?
What is Paramecium an example of?
What is the habitat for P. Chlorophyta?
What is the habitat for P. Chrysophyta?
Marine and fresh water
What is the habitat for P. Pyrrophyta?
What is the habitat for P. Phaeophyta?
Cold marine waters
What is the habitat for P. Rhodophyta?
Warm marine waters
What is the organization of P. Chlorophyta?
What is the organization of P. Chrysophyta?
Single cells, some colonies
What is the organization of P. Pyrrophyta?
What is the organization of P. Phaeophyta?
What is the organization of P. Rhodophyta?
What is the cell wall of P. Chlorophyta?
What is the cell wall of P. Chrysophyta?
What is the cell wall of P. Pyrrophyta?
Cellulose or atypical
What is the cell wall of P. Phaeophyta?
Cellulose and alginic acid
What is the cell wall of P. Rhodophyta?
What is Cosmarium an example of?
What are Diatoms examples of?
What is Peridinium an example of?
What is Marcrocystis an example of?
What is Corallina an example of?
What phylums are in subkingdom Protozoa?
Sarcodina, Mastigophora, Sporozoa, Ciliophora
What phylums are in subkingdom Algae?
Chlorophyta, Chrysophyta, Pyrrophyta, Phaeophyta, Rhodophyta
a temporary, foot-like extension of a cell, used for locomotion
The region of a eukaryotic cell that contains the cell's main DNA
a membrane-bounded "sac" within a cell
What holds and stores food while the food is being digested?
What regulates the amount of water in a cell?
The thin, watery cytoplasm near the plasma membrane of some cells
The dense cytoplasm found in the interior of many cells
A protozoan that propels itself with a flegellum
What phylum is called flagellates?
A firm, flexible coating outside the plasma membrane
An organelle containing chlorophyll for photosynthesis
A pigment necessary for photosynthesis
A light-sensitive region in certain protozoa
A close relationship between two or more species where at least one bebfits
A relationship between two or more organisms of different species where all benefit
A relationship between two organisms where one benefits and the other is neither harmed nor benefited
A relationship between two organisms of different species where one benefits and the other is harmed
What are the three types of symbiosis?
Mutualism, Commensalism, Parasitism
What phylum is called ciliates?
Hairlike projections that extend from the plasma membrane and are used for locomotion
What is special about the nucleus of P. Ciliophora
It has two nucleuses: macronucleus and micronucleus
What does the macronucleus control?
What does the micronucleus control?
A reproductive cell with a hard, protective coating
What organism causes malaria?
alternation of generations
a life cycle where different generations alternate between spore formation and other modes of reproduction
Tiny organisms that float in the water
Tiny floating organisms that are either small animals or protozoa
Tiny floating photosynthetic organisms, primarily algae
The body of a plant-like organism that is not divided into leaves, roots, or stems
is when algae reproduce so rapidly that they turn the water the same color that they are
A substance (made of sugars) that is common in the cell walls of many organisms
What are three examples of green algae
Chlorella, Desmid, Spirogyra
clump of dead diatoms
How is diatomaceous earth useful for us?
means of filtering liquids, abrasive in toothpastes, killing insects,
A special structure used by an organism to anchor itself
A colony that uses holdfasts to anchor itself to an object
What phylum is called dinoflagellates?
Gymnodinium brevis algae blooms
What phylum is called brown algae?
What is used as a thickening agent?
What phylum is kelp in?
What phylum is called red algae?
What are two genera from P. Phaeophyta?
What are two genera from P. Rhodophyta?
What are the two kingdoms that contain the simplest life forms?
Monera and Protista