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DSST Ethics in America
Terms in this set (70)
because they, the Athenians, have the power to do so.
In Thucydides' History of the Peloponnesian War, the Athenians believe that they have the right to dominate the Melians
Excellence in attaining and practcing the virtues is described by which of the following Greek terms
Living well and doing well
Eudaimonia requires which of the following
The notion of perfect Forms, of which the Good is one
The relation of Plato's The Allegory of the Cave to his ethical sys tem is which of the following
Only Plato argues for the dominace of reason as a necessary prerequisite for ethical behavior
Plato insisted on an absolute moral goal (the Good), whereas Artistole insisted that moral rules or beliefs that hold most of the time are often the best that can be achieved
Which of the following is a major difference between Plato's ethics and Aristole's?
Which philosopher is most closely assoicaited with the "Doctirine of the Mean:?
Both argued that ethical behavior depends on maximinzing irrationallity
Neither beleived that women were equal to men in moral abilities
Which of the following is a major similartity between Plato and Aristole?
The Stoics beleived that happiness consisted of which of the follwing?
According to the Old Testament, the Israelites were bond to God by which of the following
According to the Old Testament, the Israelites were to God as a child is to a
a mistaken, short-term impression of humans who do not know (and can not know) all of God's plan
According to the Book of Job, if God is all powerful, all knowing and wholly good, then evil must come from
Jesus is most similar to which of the following Old Testament groups
Jesus' Golden Rule, do unto others as you would have them do unto you, was anticpated by which of the following philosophers?
The Ten Commandments are which of the following?
is concerned primarily with retributive hustice, whereas Jesus is primarly concerned with distributive justice
One major difference between the Gof of the Old testament and Jesus in the New Testament is that the Old Testament God
Mercy, Grace, Forgiveness
Christian ethics then to empahasize which of the following
achiving enternal life and the importance of the Holy Spirit
Paul argues which of the following
Pauls command not to divorce devires from what authroity
the denial of a shared basic human nature and the lack of natural rights
Natural law is incompatible with which of the following claims?
Hobbes "Leviathan" is a metaphor for which of the following?
A sysytem conception of natural law originated with which of the following ethical philosophers/
under some condintions, an act that causes harm many be perimssible if a good end is brought about. One act may have two effects, one intended and one unintended
Aquinas' "princple of double effect" states which of the following
our ability to achieve happiness is whilly under our own power and only the pursuit of viture is morally good
Epictetus stated that
Kant's ethical system is
a categorical imperative
"Taking another person's life is unethical" This statement is an example of which of the following
a hypothetical imperative
"If I want to be treated well, then I will have to treat others well" This statement is an example of which of the following
kingdom of ends
Kant's notion that one should act as thought one were recommending ones's act as an unbreakable, eternal and universal law to fully rational free agents is called the
the results of a process by which individuals collectively agree upon a cohert view of what is just
According to Ralws, reflective equilibrium is
all pleasures are of equal value
there is enough time to use the calculus in real-life situations
The felicific calculus assumes that
that all pleasures were equivalent in value
Bentham, unlike Mill, argued
liberty extends up to the point of inflicting harm on another
According to the "harm principle"
it takes the consequences of action into account in moral judgement
Kant would object to Mill's ethics in which of the following ways?
rule utilitarianism>Mill; act utilitarianism>Bentham
Which of the followng pairings of philospher and ethical theory or nation is accurate?
social mores, especially education, made most women inferior to men as moral actors
Wollstonecraft argued that
Which of the following is not distinctive feature of an apporoach to feminist ethics?
Animals are often excluded from etical considerations on the grounds that they lack which of the following characteristics?
positive act of omission
The dictume "do no harm" is a
The medical code of ethics is closest to which of the following philosopher's theories?
Representive governments rely on the free and unrestricted flow of information. Which os the following social activites relies on the free and unrestricted flow of information in order to properly operate?
The debate over the death penalty is primarily a matter of which of the following?
Mental health professionals, clergy, journalists, physiians and lawyers al have confidential relationships with various people they work with or for. This shows our society's acknowledgement of the importance of which of the following?
That the unborn generations have rights
Anti-abortionist and environmentaltis share which of the following ethical commitments?
A scientist who has faked results has interfered with which of the following?
The allocation of public funds in the annual ferderal budget is a clear statement of the executive and legislative branch's collective view on which of the following?
the fair or equitable division of goods in a community.
Conflicts of interest
Public funding of elections has been proposed in order to eliminate which of the following problems that lawmakers and executive branch officials currently face?
Some worry about increasing amount of military outsourcing because of which of the following?
Professional code of ethics
A solider asks his unit clergyman to pray that he will kill many of the enemy. The clergyman refuses. On which of the following grounds did the clergyman most likely refuse?
Not doing harm
A group of citizens form a knitting circle. This is an example of
A group of citizens pledges to abstain from littering and hold without fail to this pledge. This is an example of
A group of citizens volunteers time to rebuild a home destroyed in a hurricane. This is an example of
The word arete translates to
this is a a feminist theory
The ethics of care is the approach to ethics is based on relationships
must be consistently willed as a universal law
states that whatever God permits is right.
Divine Permission Theory (DPT
Aristotle disapproved of suicide to escape poverty, love or anything painful. He said that these acts were not courageous, but implied that suicide with other more virtuous motives might be.
believed that justice stems from just laws. Therefore, to deliberately break the law, even by going abroad to do so, would result in injustice.
David Hume, Humean
It is the value of the consequences of the particular act that counts when determining whether the act is right.
It is the view of anthropologists and others that we cannot criticize cultures that we do not understand
according to Midgley
Moral isolationism leaves no room for moral reasoning or argument. It prevents people from giving out opinions or comments."
it means that a fair outcome is stated in advance
perfect procedural justice.(Rawls)
refers to the distribution of burdens and benefits in society
that obligations to tell the truth were voluntarily assumed and so need not be always followed.
Hobbes believed that
that suicides reflected 'unmanly cowardice' and would consider lying to be a wrongful act unless it was done for the good of society.
utility is measure by their personal preferences.
promotes actions that fulfill the interests (preferences) of those beings involved
is a major concept in the field of environmental ethics and environmental philosophy, where it is often considered to be the root cause of problems created by human interaction with the environment, however; it is profoundly embedded in our culture and conscious acts
when faced with a choice, we must first consider the likely consequences of potential actions and, from that, choose to do what we believe will generate the most pleasure
states that the morally right action is the one that is in accordance with a moral rule whose general observance would create the most happiness.
does not mean that morality is set in stone. Beliefs can change over time and just because it is acceptable at one point in time does not make it morally right.
believed a person should only accept moral rules and duties if it benefited him/her.
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Ethics Resource Center experts have stated that ethical culture impacts firms in what ways?
The Uncivilized Argument exploits the ambiguity of "uncivilized." Explain how "uncivilized" is also vague. Then, explain why the vagueness of "uncivilized" is not a weakness of the argument
What is wrong with the Just Savings Principle in Rawlsian Distribution?
The principle that performing a good action may be permissible even if it has bad effects, but performing a bad action for the purpose of achieving good effects is never permissible; any bad effects must be unintended.