Ch.8 Europe Colonizes the Americas
Terms in this set (50)
What did the pope do to settle disputes?
Line of Demarcation
what was the Treaty that moved the Line of Demarcation 600 miles west, where Spain could explore and colonize
Treaty of Tordesillas
Brazil was colonized by the__________
___________ ruled a colony in South America that was eighty times its size
ESTIMATE how many slaves were enslaved and taken to South America?
Who were the people of pure Spanish or Portugese descent born in the Americas
For the government position were given to those born in what?
Mother country (Europe)
What country was the language Portugese for?
What became a major crop after later introduced to Brazil from Arabia?
What was an export of South America?
What was a colonial export in North America?
Which two countries had colonies in South America
Netherland and England
The mother country was also put on goods being ___________
exported: taken out of the colonies
imported: brought into the colonie
Portugal gave authority to their 12 nobles those nobles were given the title _________
and were given control of the whole land
What was picked by the king to rule each colony representing the king of Spain?
What plant makes blue dye?
What were two exports of colonial Latin America
Silver and sugar
What was the term for people born in Spain and living in colonies that could be in the government?
Bartolomeu Las Casas helped pass the _____ ____ __ ____ which set up a government system with courts to protect the Indians.
New Laws of 1542
What nation began buying slaves in Africa and took then to Europe and the New World?
The New Laws of 1542 protected Indians and __________ the children of Indian and Spanish parents
What replaced the old and weak governments with their own dictator?
Most of the free blacks, Indians and mestizos lived in _________ neighborhood for the poor
The rich leader of the colonies had large homes in the city and also had ___________, homes in the countryside estates
What order became rich and established monopolies in South America?
The Jesuit order
Europeans began to view Europe the ___________ and gave up their allegiance in favor of the Americas
What were religious reasons motivated the English to colonize North America?
To escape religiouspersecution they had experienced in Europe
The French sent explorer _____________ to find riches in the New World and discovered St. Lawrence River
Who discovered three lakes and was named "Father of New France"
Samuel de Chaplan
Who helped start Jamestown
Who led the JAMESTOWN settlement?
Sir Thomas Dale
What was the name of the crop sold for cash or supplies to pay off debts and make money?
This group settled in Plymouth, Massachusetts so they could have freedom of religion.
The Pilgrims had separated from what?
Church of England
The Puritians settled in what colony for religious freedom?
Massachusetts Bay Colony
Each colony had its own __________ which would be supported by the colony's government
What oceans lies between Europe and its
What was founded in the New France region?
What became popular for South American settlements
The colonies fought____________ and became the United States of America
War of Independence
The _____________ was created to give guidelines and rules for the government and people
What nation had the religious freedom?
What nation colonized Canada ?
Which two men led the fight for independence in Venezuela
Simon Bolivar and Antonio Jose de Sucre
Who liberated both Venezuela and Columbia?
What did Antonio Jose de Sucre went on to do
To free Ecuador from the Spanish
Ecuador was part of the ____________
Jeso de san Martin led Argentina to independence _________ as solders
Gauchos: cowboys in Argentina
What liberator freed Chile and Peru from Spanish rule?
Who became the first emperor of an independent Brazil and had given the famous revolutionary "Independence of death"?