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*industry vs inferiority (competent/incompetent)-Erikson
- The Me-Self
Comparison to peers (social comparision)
- The Self-Esteem
- Same age, same status
The culture of children
- Positive vs. Negative peer relations
- Concern for classmates
- Social acceptance
- Meaningful friendships
- Clique formation
types of social status
- Popular: kind, trustworthy, cooperative, highly liked, rarely disliked
- Average: average like to average dislike ratio; middle
- Neglected: low like, low dislike; forgotten
- Rejected: low like, high dislike
- Aggressive-rejected: bully type, in your face
-Withdrawn-rejected: bully victim, timid
- Controversial: high dislike, high like; can be popular
ex. popular kid in hs
- This varies culture to culture
the ability to empathize, to understand the emotions of others and to use this understanding to better relate to them
child who is infrequently nominated as best friend and is disliked by their peers
--liked vs rejected?
- Happens everywhere—repeated behavior
- Physical: hitting, pushing, shoving
- Verbal: teasing, mocking
- Relational: singling someone out
- Cyberbullying: mean or embarrassing things sent to the world or class
- Not one good friend: withdrawn
Bully victim- Most disliked: aggressive victim, lack empathy, difficulty using social cognition, about the me
- Genetic predisposition
- Insecure attachment
- Stress at home
- Ineffective discipline
- Hostile family life
* Family life has a huge impact on child- most important
how to stop bullying?
- Ignoring, retaliating, diffusing, avoiding
- Finding new friends
- More effort and changes made by schools and teachers
• Moral development by Lawrence Kohlberg (pg. 370 Table 3.3)
- Pre-conventional moral reasoning
- Coventional moral reasoning
* Concrete operational
- Post-conventional moral reasoning
family structure vs family function
- Structure: legal and genetic connections among related people in the same household
- Function: how the family cares for each other (more important)
what children need:
- Material necessities
- Peer relationships
- Harmony and stability
different types of homes
- Nuclear family: 54-70%
- 2 adult families
- Single parent families: 28% & rising
- Extended family
- Both major and minor
- Accumulates over time
- Coping measure help
- Social support/religious faith
The ____ self is a person who thinks, acts, & feels independently. The ___ self is a person reflected validated and critiques by others.
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