48 terms

Chapter 8 - Internet and the World Wide Web

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

ARPANET
The predecessor of the Internet, named after the Advance Research Projects Agency (ARPA), which sponsored its development.
Internet content provider
A person or an organization that provides Internet content.
Application service provider (ASP)
A company that manages and distributes software-based services over the Internet.
Web service
A self-contained business application that operates over the Internet.
Dial-up connection
A type of Internet connection in which the computer or other device must dial up and connect to a service provider's computer via telephone lines before being connected to the Internet.
Direct connection
A type of Internet connection in which the computer or other device is connected to the Internet continually.
Conventional dial-up Internet access
Dial-up Internet access via standard telephone lines.
Cable Internet access
Fast, direct Internet access via cable TV lines.
DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) Internet access
Fast, direct Internet access via standard telephone lines.
Satellite Internet access
Fast, direct Internet access via the airwaves and a satellite dish.
Fixed wireless Internet access
Fast, direct Internet access available in some areas via the airwaves.
Broadband over fiber (BoF) Internet access
Very fast, direct Internet access via fiber-optic networks; also refereed to as fiber-to-the-premises (FTTP) Internet access.
Mobile wireless Internet access
Internet access via a mobile phone network.
Wi-Fi hotspot
A location that provides wireless Internet access to the public.
Search site
A Web site designed to help users search for Web pages that match specified keywords or selected categories.
Search engine
A software program used by a search site to retrieve matching Web pages from a search database.
Keyword search
A type of Internet search in which keywords are typed in a search box to locate information on the Internet.
Keyword
A word typed in a search box on a search site or other Web page to locate information related to that keyword.
Directory search
A type of Internet search in which categories are selected to locate information on the Internet.
Instant messaging (IM)
A way of exchanging real-time typed messages with other individuals.
Test messaging
A way of exchanging real-time typed messages with other individuals via a cellular network and, typically, cell phones.
Twittering
Sending short status updates about your current activities via the Twitter service.
Message board
A Web page that enables individuals to post messages on a particular topic for others to read and respond to; also called a discussion group or online forum.
Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
The process of placing telephone calls via the Internet.
Web conference
A face-to-face meeting taking place via the Web; typically uses video cameras and microphones to enable participants to see and hear each other.
Webinar
A seminar presented via the Web.
Social networking site
A site that enables a community of individuals to communicate and share information.
Online shopping
Buying products or services over the Internet.
Online auction
An online activity for which bids are placed for items, and the highest bidder purchases the item.
Online banking
Performing banking activities via the Web.
Online investing
Buying and selling stocks or other types of investments via the Web.
Online music
Music played or obtained via the Web.
Online Video
Video watched or downloaded via the Web
Online TV
Live or recorded TV shows available via the Web.
Online movies
Feature films available via the WEb.
Video-on-demand (VOD)
The process of downloading movies and television shows, on demand, via the Web.
Online gaming
Playing games via the Web.
Portal Web page
A Web page designed to be designated as a browser home page; typically can be customized to display personalized content.
RSS (Really Simple Syndication)
A tool used to deliver selected Web content to subscribers as the content is published to a Web site.
Podcast
A recorded audio or video file that can be played or downloaded via the Web.
Web-based training (WBT)
Instruction delivered on an individual basis via the Web.
Distance learning
A learning environment in which the student is physically located away from the instructor and other students; commonly, instruction and communications take place via the Web.
Blog
A Web page that contains short, frequently updated entries in chronological order, typically by just one individual.
Wiki
A collaborative Web page that is designed to be edited and republished by a variety of individuals.
E-portfolio
A collection of an individual's work accessible via the Web.
Internet filtering
Using a software program or browser option to block access to particular Web pages or types of Web pages.
Cookie
A small file stored on a user's hard drive by a Web server; commonly used to identify personal preferences and settings for that user.
Spyware
A software program that is installed without the user's permission and that secretly gathers information to be sent to others.