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Maturation refers to:

biological growth processes that are relatively uninfluenced by experience.

According to Piaget, a child can represent things with words and images but cannot reason with logic during the ________ stage.


According to Piaget, a person first comprehends that division is the reverse of multiplication during the ________ stage.

concrete operational

Harlow observed that most monkeys raised in total isolation:

were incapable of mating upon reaching sexual maturity.

According to Erikson, achieving a sense of identity is the special task of the:


According to Erikson, isolation is to intimacy as role confusion is to:



trust v mistrust
have the ability to trust-not trust everyone


autonomy v shame/doubt
have the ability to do things for themselves


initiative v guilt
initiate plans and carry them out


competence v inferiority
puberty-take pleasure of applying themselves, intrinsic motivation-can learn some competence in one subject but not another


identity v confusion
refine sense of self by testing roles; integration of roles-21 is reasonable, no clear biological marker, depends on the person-completed when you take on adult roles and begin to act them out-we cant understand why people think differently than I do-most adolescence and their parents have a strong core relationship-turbulence at surface

young adulthood-erikson

intimacy v isolation
form close relationships

middle adulthood-erikson

generatively v stagnation
sense of contributing to community

late adulthood-erikson

integrity v despair
sense of satisfaction

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