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48 terms

OC chapter 8

STUDY
PLAY
aeronautics
noun /ˌɛrəˈnɔt̮iks; ‑ˈnɑt̮ɪks/ [uncountable]
the science or practice of building and flying aircraft
the science of aircraft and flight
(用作單)航空學; 飛行術
navigation
noun /ˌnævəˈɡeɪʃn/ [uncountable]
1 the skill or the process of planning a route for a ship or other vehicle and taking it therenavigation systems
2 the movement of ships or aircraft
a satellite system for finding locations
航海術; 航行學; 領航, 導航, 航運; 水上運輸
landing
noun /ˈlændɪŋ/
1 [countable] the area at the top of a set of stairs where you arrive before you go into an upstairs room or move onto another set of stairs
2 [countable, uncountable] an act of bringing an aircraft or a spacecraft down to the grounda perfect/smooth/safe landing
3 [countable] an act of bringing soldiers to land in an area that is controlled by the enemy
4 [countable] a flat wooden platform on the water where boats let people get on and off, and load and unload goods (synonym jetty)
coming down to the ground in an airplan
降落, 著落; 登陸[C][U], (輪船的客貨)登陸處; (直升飛機的客貨)著陸處[C], (樓梯中途的)平臺[C]
propeller
noun /prəˈpɛlər/
a device with two or more blades that turn quickly and cause a ship or an aircraft to move forward
a piece of equipment with several blades, which turns very fast in order to make an aircraft move螺旋槳; 推進器[C]
aerospace engineer
(n)
a person whose job it is to design and build airplanes
航空航天學工程師
hybrid automobiles
noun /ˈhaɪbrɪd/
1 an animal or plant that has parents of different species or varieties
2 hybrid (between/of A and B) something that is the product of mixing two or more different things
(synonym mixture)
3 (also hybrid car, hybrid vehicle) a car that has both a gasoline engine and an electric motor and can run on either of these hybrid adjective
(電池、馬達) 雙動力汽車
license
noun /ˈlaɪsns/
(Canadian English also licence)1 [countable] an official document that shows that permission has been given to do, own, or use something
2.license (to do something) (formal) freedom to do or say whatever you want, often something bad or unacceptable
3 [uncountable] (formal) freedom to behave in a way that is considered sexually immoral
(法律上的)許可, 特許[U][+to-v], 許可證; 執照; 牌照[C][+to-v], 放縱, 放肆[U], (藝術作品的)破格, 不拘一格[U]
advancements
noun /ədˈvænsmənt/ (formal)
1 [uncountable, countable] the process of helping something to make progress or succeed; the progress that is made
2 [uncountable] progress in a job, social class, etc.
前進; 進展; 促進, 晉升; 發跡, 提高; 增加, 預付款項
colleague
noun /ˈkɑliɡ/
a person that you work with, especially in a profession or a business
同事, 同僚, 同行[C]
curious
adjective /ˈkyʊriəs/ curiously adverb
1 curious (about something)curious (to do something) having a strong desire to know about something (synonym inquisitive)
2.curious (that...) strange and unusual
好奇的, 渴望知道的; 愛探究的[(+as to/about)][+to-v][+wh-]
奇怪的; 稀奇古怪的, 難以理解的
invented
verb /ɪnˈvɛnt/
1 invent something to produce or design something that has not existed before
2 invent something to say or describe something that is not true, especially in order to trick people
發明, 創造, 捏造, 虛構
manufacture
verb /ˌmænyəˈfæktʃər/
1 manufacture something to make goods in large quantities, using machinery (synonym mass-produce)
2 manufacture something to invent a story, an excuse, etc
3 manufacture something (technical) to produce a substance
(大量)製造, 加工[(+from/into)],捏造, 虛構(證據, 藉口等
粗製濫造(文藝作品等),
mass market
adjective [only before noun]
(of goods etc.) produced for very large numbers of people
produce
verb /prəˈdus/
goods
1 produce something
to make things to be sold, especially in large quantities (synonym manufacture)
technology
noun /tɛkˈnɑlədʒi/ plural technologies
1 [uncountable, countable] scientific knowledge used in practical ways in industry, for example in designing
2 [uncountable] machinery or equipment designed using technology
工藝學; 工藝, 技術[C][U], 術語, 專門語[U]
transform
verb /trænsˈfɔrm/
1 transform something/someone (from something) (into something) to change the form of something synonym convert.
2 transform something/someone (from something) (into something) to completely change the appearance or character of something, especially so that it is better
使改變; 使改觀; 將...改成, 改造; 改革; 改善, 使變換,
vehicle
noun /ˈviɪkl; ˈvihɪkl/
1 (somewhat formal) a thing that is used for transporting people or goods from one place to another, such as a car or truckmotor vehicles (= cars, buses, trucks, etc.)
2 vehicle (for something) something that can be used to express your ideas or feelings or as a way of achieving something
運載工具; 車輛; 飛行器; 太空火箭, 傳播媒介; 工具, 手段[(+for/of)]
canton
noun /ˈkæntɑn; ˈkæntn/
one of the official regions which some countries, such as Switzerland, are divided into
小行政區, 村鎮
export commodities
products sold outside the country where they com from
輸出日用品
glacier
noun /ˈɡleɪʃər/
a large mass of ice, formed by snow on mountains, that moves very slowly down a valley
冰河[C]
seaport
noun /ˈsipɔrt/ 海港
a town with a harbor used by large ships
Silk road
very old trade routesfrom China to Europe
subway
noun /ˈsʌbweɪ/
an underground railroad system in a city
commerce
noun /ˈkɑmərs/ [uncountable]
trade, especially between countries; the buying and selling of goods and services
商業, 貿易, 交易
commuters
noun /kəˈmyut̮ər/
a person who travels into a city to work each day
通勤者; 經常乘公交車輛往返者
cuisine
noun /kwɪˈzin/ [uncountable, countable] (from French)
1 a style of cooking
2 the food served in a restaurant (usually an expensive one)
烹飪; 烹調法, 菜餚
extreme
adjective /ɪkˈstrim/
1 [usually before noun] very great in degree
2 not ordinary or usual; serious or severe
3 (of people, political organizations, opinions, etc.) far from what most people consider to be normal, reasonable, or acceptable
4 [only before noun] as far as possible from the center, from the beginning, or in the direction mentioned
極端的, 極度的; 最大的[Z][B],急進的; 激烈的; 狂熱的; 偏激的, 末端的, 盡頭的[Z][B]
line
noun /laɪn/
the route of aa subway or railroad
mispronounced
verb /ˌmɪsprəˈnaʊns/ mispronounce something
to pronounce a word wrongly
incorrectly said the sounds of a word or part of a word
讀錯音
record-breaking
noun
a person or thing that achieves a better result or higher level than has ever been achieved before
破紀錄; 創紀錄
thrill
noun /θrɪl/
1 thrill (to do something)thrill (of doing something) a strong feeling of excitement or pleasure; an experience that gives you this feeling
2 a sudden strong feeling that produces a physical effect
使興奮, 使激動, 使緊張; 使毛骨悚然
trade
noun /treɪd/
1 [uncountable] the activity of buying and selling or of exchanging goods or services between people or countries
貿易, 交易, 商業[U]
urban
adjective /ˈərbən/ [usually before noun]
1 connected with a town or city
Describing a large city
城市的; 居住在城市的[B]
alone
without any other person
bothers
disturbs or annoys someone
calculates
finds something out by using mathematics
估計; 預測; 推測
exact
completely correct; accurate
確切的, 精確的
location
a place, position, or site
orbiting
moving around a planet in space
(天體等的)運行軌道[C][U]
privacy
being alone or away from other people who may disturb you
satellite
something sent into space to move around a planet for a particular purpose
【天】衛星
totally
completely
完整地; 完全地; 徹底地
turn
a change in direction
alert
a warning or possible danger
out of range
outside the area that something covers
too far away to be reached, seen, or heard
The cat stayed well out of range of the children.
hiking
going for a long walk in the mountain or in the country
tower
a tall narrow building or part of a bulding
radio waves
invisible sound energy that moves like ocean waves