Adult Care Learning CNA Medical Definitions
Vocabulary terms for CNA class.
Terms in this set (678)
To leave somebody or something behind for others to look after.
Method of attempting to remove an object from the airway of someone who is choking.
Moving a body part away from the midline of the body.
a certain kind of pillow used to immobilize a patient's legs just after hip surgery. It is made of a large, thick piece of foam shaped like an acute triangle.
Is designed to separate the legs of a patient, often used after hip surgery.
An injury that rubs off the surface of the skin.
The uptake of substances Into or across tissues.
Purposely causing physical, mental, or emotional pain or injury to someone.
An undesirable or unfortunate happening that occurs unintentionally and usually results in harm, Injury, damage, or loss.
Purposely harming a person by failing to provide needed care.
The quality or process of exerting energy or of accomplishing an effect.
activities of daily living (ADLs)
Personal daily care tasks, such as bathing, dressing, caring for teeth and hair, toileting, eating and drinking, walking, and transferring.
Illness that is of short duration, rapidly progressive, and in need of urgent care.
Care given in hospitals and ambulatory surgical centers for people who have an immediate illness.
Special equipment that helps a person who is ill or disabled to perform ADLs; also called assisting devices.
Moving a body part toward the midline of the body.
(Activities of Daily Living) Activities that are necessary for daily care of oneself. It includes using the toilet, grooming, dressing, and feeding oneself.
The act of admitting or allowing to enter.
One who resides in a particular place permanently or for an extended period.
Care given at a facility during daytime working hours for people who need some help but are not seriously ill or disabled.
Legal documents that allow people to choose what kind of medical care they wish to have if they cannot make those decisions themselves.
Having no fever.
A weakened side from a stroke or injury; also called the weaker or involved side.
Prejudice toward, stereotyping of, and/or discrimination against older persons or the elderly.
The process of becoming older.
aiding and abetting
Seeing someone do something wrong and not reporting it.
Autoimmune Illness In which the body's immune system attacks normal tissue in the body.
An electrical, electronic, or mechanical device that serves to warn of danger by means of a sound or signal.
alternating pressure mattress
Mattress for patients at risk of bed sores and skin ulcers.
A progressive, incurable disease that causes tangled nerve fibers and protein deposits to form in the brain, which eventually cause dementia.
The removal of some or all of a body part, usually a foot, hand, arm or leg.
A person who has had one or more limbs removed by amputation.
A strong feeling of displeasure or hostility.
The medical term for chest pain, pressure, or discomfort due to coronary artery disease.
Situated before or toward the front.
A compound or substance that kills or slows down the growth of bacteria.
Are powerful medicines that fight bacterial infections.
Capable of destroying or resisting pathogens.
Prevent swelling and blood clots and aid in circulation.
Uneasiness or fear, often about a situation or condition.
A lack of Interest.
An impairment of language, affecting the production or comprehension of speech, and the ability to read or write. Aphasia is always due to brain injury, most commonly from a stroke.
To be at the apex or tip.
The heart rate when measured with a stethoscope placed over the heart.
Brief pauses in breathing.
The correct response to a given situation.
Are blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart.
is inflammation of one or more joints.
A procedure that is performed under sterile conditions .
The Inhalation of food, fluid or foreign material into the lungs; can cause pneumonia or death.
The act of threatening to touch a person without his or her permission.
Living facilities for people who do not need skilled, 24-hour care, although they do require some help with daily care.
Special equipment that helps a person who is ill or disabled to perform ADLS; also called adaptive devices.
The wasting away, decreasing in size, and weakening of muscles from lack of use.
How you present yourself. An outward reflection of your feelings.
Is an Instrument used to sterilize equipment.
An illness in which the body's immune system attacks normal tissue in the body.
body temperature that is determined by placing thermometer under armpit.
To place tension or overexert the back in a manner that could cause injury.
Single-celled microorganisms which can exist either as independent organisms or as parasites .
Negotiating for better terms.
The minimum resources necessary for long-term physical well-being.
bath water temperature
The temperature of the water used to give a bath.
Wash (someone) while immersing him or her in a container of water.
Touching a person without their permission.
A frame placed over a bed to prevent sheets or blankets from touching the patient.
The height or level the bed is at.
Rearrange a bed and its coverings to its condition before it was slept in.
How the bed sits in a given space.
The restriction of a patient to bed for therapeutic reasons for a prescribed period.
A biological agent or condition that is a hazard to humans or the environment.
Type of mental illness that causes a person to swing from deep depression to extreme activity.
is a behavioral modification treatment technique for urinary incontinence that Involves placing a patient on a toileting schedule.
The escape of blood, as from an injured vessel.
A condition of being unable to see.
Microorganisms found in human blood, body fluid, draining wounds,and mucous membranes that can cause infection and disease in humans.
The pressure exerted by the blood against the walls of the blood vessels, especially the arteries. It varies with the strength of the heartbeat, the elasticity of the arterial walls, the volume and viscosity of the blood, and a person's health, age, and physical condition.
Liquids originating from Inside the body.
The relationship of the individual body segments to each other. Proper alignment places a minimum amount of strain on the muscles and ligaments.
is a form of non-verbal communication, which consists of body posture, gestures, facial expressions, and eye movements .
The way the parts of the body work together whenever a person moves.
The establishment of a "habit program" or a specific time to empty the bowel.
Areas of the body where the bone lies close to the skin.
The pulse inside the elbow, about 1 to 1 1/2 Inches above the elbow.
The process of taking air into and expelling it from the lungs.
Items that are not working properly.
Feeling disillusioned, helpless, and completely worn out.
Injuries to tissue that can be caused by fire, the sun, chemicals, heated objects or fluids, electricity, or other means.
A bedside button tethered to the wall in a patient's room, which directs signals the nursing station; a call light usually indicates that the patient has a need or perceived need requiring attention from the nurse on duty.
Cancer is not just one disease, but a large group of almost 100 diseases. Its two main characteristics are uncontrolled growth of the cells in the human body and the ability of these cells to migrate from the original site and spread to distant sites. If the spread is not controlled, cancer can result in death.
A sudden cessation of cardiac function, resulting in loss of effective circulation.
cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
Medical procedures used when a person's heart or lungs have stopped working.
The heart and blood vessels, by which blood is pumped and circulated through the body.
Usual role has been reduced or otherwise compromised .
A plan developed for each resident to achieve certain goals; it outlines the steps and tasks that the care team must perform.
Care options and services.
Mold applied to skin to assist in healing process of bones.
Is a clouding of the normally clear lens of your eye.
Overreacting to something
A thin tube Inserted into the body that is used to drain or inject fluids.
The cleansing and care of catheter site.
A pathogen or microorganism that causes disease.
cc's in an ounce
One ounce = 30 cc
(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)It is a government agency under the Department of health and Human Services (HHS) that issues information to protect the health of individuals and communities.
central nervous system
It is made up of the spinal cord and brain, the information that it receives coordinates the activity of the body.
cerebral vascular accident
(CVA) A condition that occurs when blood supply to a part of the brain is cut off suddenly by a clot or a ruptured blood vessel.
chain of command
The line of authority in a facility that helps make sure that residents get proper health care.
chain of infection
A way of describing how disease is transmitted from one living being to another.
The nurse assigned to manage the operations of the patient care area for the shift.
Writing down important information and observations about residents.
A chemical that destroys, neutralizes, or Inhibits the growth of disease-carrying microorganisms.
is a drug treatment that uses powerful chemicals to kill fast-growing cells in your body.
An abnormal type of breathing seen especially in comatose patients, characterized by alternating periods of shallow and deep breathing. Cheyne-stokes respiration's are often seen at the end of life.
Is the mechanical obstruction of the flow of air from the environment into the lungs.
Lasting a long period of time, even a lifetime.
The continuous movement of blood through all parts of the body.
In reference to a long-term care facility, to find a problem through a survey.
To make clear or easier to understand.
In health care, a condition in which objects are not contaminated with pathogens.
The process of cleaning up spills.
clear liquid diet
It is made up of clear liquids and foods that are liquid at room temperature.
The body of people ordained for religious service.
Phrases that are used over and over again and do not really mean anything.
An individual cared for in the home.
A bed completely made with the bedspread and blankets in place.
Often called C. difficile or C. diff, is a bacterium that can cause symptoms ranging from diarrhea to life-threatening inflammation of the colon. Illness from C. difficile most commonly affects older adults in hospitals or in long term care facilities and typically occurs after use of antibiotic medications.
The ability to think logically and quickly.
A brain disorder in which thinking abilities are mildly impaired.
Related to thinking and learning.
(Brain Fog) Affects the ability to think, concentrate, formulate ideas, reason and remember. It is distinct from a learning disability insofar as it may have been acquired later in life as a result of an accident or illness.
a simple and effective nonpharmacologic intervention for pain management increasing pain threshold and decreasing inflammation using a cold compress or ice pack.
It is created when the healthy end of the colon (large intestine) is sutured into an abdominal opening.
Is a medical device prosthetic that provides a means for the collection of waste.
Violent or hostile resident.
Palliative and supportive treatment for patients who are suffering from a terminal illness.
The process of exchanging information with others by sending and receiving messages.
caring, concerned, considerate, empathetic, and understanding.
A catheter that has an attachment on the end that fits onto the penis, also called an external or ''Texas'' catheter.
The legal and ethical principle of keeping information private.
A resident who is unable to think with clarity or act with understanding.
The Inability to think clearly.
congestive heart failure
It is the inability of the heart to supply sufficient blood flow to meet the needs of the body.
Guided by a sense of right and wrong, having principles.
The state of having awareness and thoughts, of being mentally alert and of surroundings, and sensations.
It is infrequent bowel movements or difficult passage of stools.
Is a name for safety procedures that prevent specific germs from spreading in the care facility.
The presence of extraneous, especially infectious, material that renders a substance or preparation impure or harmful.
continuity of care
Process by which the care of a resident continues uninterrupted, using the same methods and approaches by all caregivers to meet the residents goals.
The permanent and often painful stiffening of a joint and muscle.
Converting one unit to another. ( example: 30ml=1oz )
(Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) It refers to a group of lung diseases that block airflow as you exhale and make it increasingly difficult for you to breathe.
The behaviors and beliefs characteristic of a particular social, ethnic, or age group.
The variety of people with varied backgrounds and experiences who live and work together in the world.
A term given to the process of transforming services for elders so that they are based on the values and practices of the person receiving care.
(cerebrovascular accident) The sudden death of some brain cells due to lack of oxygen when the blood flow to the brain is impaired by blockage or rupture of an artery to the brain. A CVA is also referred to as a stroke.
It is the appearance of a blue or purple coloration of the skin or mucous membranes due to the tissues near the skin surface being low on oxygen.
A popular nursing term for the first movement a resident is allowed, either after surgery under general anesthesia, or 'under local', where the resident allows his/her feet to dangle over the side of the bed to regain balance.
death and dying
Mortality of those who are dead and those who will be. Death is the end of life. Dying is the process of approaching death, including the choices and actions involved in that process.
(bed sore) Area of damaged skin and tissue caused by sustained pressure.
Deeper layers of muscle and connective tissue.
Any of a variety of usually unconscious mental processes used to protect oneself from shame, anxiety, loss of self-esteem, conflict, or other unacceptable feelings or thoughts, and including behaviors such as repression, projection, denial, and rationalization.
When you lose more fluid than you take in.
It is an unshakable belief in something untrue.
It is a loss of mental ability severe enough to interfere with normal activities of daily living, lasting more than six months, not present since birth, and not associated with a loss or alteration of consciousness.
is the refusal to acknowledge the existence or severity of unpleasant external realities or internal thoughts and feelings.
Everyday cleaning to help maintain good dental health.
They are false teeth made to replace teeth you have lost.
It is a value showing the reliability of a person to others because of his/her integrity, truthfulness, and trustfulness.
Is a serious medical illness that involves the brain causing a state of unhappiness and hopelessness.
Disabilities that are present at birth or emerge during childhood that restrict physical or mental ability.
The process in which we all grow and develop.
It is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the body does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. This high blood sugar produces the classical symptoms of frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger.
(DKA) Complication of diabetes that is caused by having too little insulin also called hyperglycemia or diabetic coma.
Physician's determination of an illness.
Process of removing blood from a patient, purifying it, and returning It to the bloodstream.
Loose or liquid bowel movements.
Second measurement of blood pressure phase when the heart relaxes or rests.
Cards that list the resident's name and information about special diets, allergies, likes and dislikes, and other instructions.
Health care professional who focuses on proper food and nutrition in order to promote good health.
The mechanical and chemical breakdown of food into smaller components that are more easily absorbed into a blood stream.
The contact of a healthy person with a person having a communicable disease, the disease being transmitted as a result.
A condition in which objects have been contaminated with pathogens.
Systematic procedures that clearly details what needs to be done, how, when, and by whom before and after the time an anticipated disastrous event occurs.
The process of a resident exiting a facility.
Any deviation from or interruption of the normal structure or function of any body part, organ, or system that is manifested by a characteristic set of symptoms and signs and whose etiology, pathology, and prognosis may be known or unknown.
A process that kills pathogens, but not all microorganisms, it reduces the organism count to a level that is generally not considered infectious.
Confused as to time or place.
Only to be used once and then discarded.
Treatment that lacks of respect or is rude and discourteous.
Medications that reduce fluid volume in the body.
Used to describe feeling faint or lightheaded, to feeling weak or unsteady.
(Do Not Resuscitate) An order that tells medical professionals not to perform CPR.
The act of the supplying of documents or supporting references or records.
Physical, sexual, or emotional abuse by spouses, intimate partners, or family members.
To put on.
Upward or backward flexion of a part of the body.
Any material used for covering and protecting a wound.
Sheets that are placed under residents to help with turning, lifting, or moving up in bed.
A very small drop of fluid.
durable power of attorney for health care
A document established by an individual (the principal) granting another person (the agent) the right and authority to handle matters related to the health care of the principal.
Difficulty in swallowing or inability to swallow.
Labored or difficult breathing.
Swelling caused by excess fluid in body tissues.
A type of hosiery that applies gradient pressure to the legs to prevent excessive blood accumulation in the lower extremities.
Raising the head up.
The process of expelling solid wastes made up of the waste products of food that are not absorbed into the cells.
It is to leave a locked or secured psychiatric institution without notice or permission.
The act of vomiting, or ejecting stomach contents through the mouth.
Is used for vomiting patients.
Laughing or crying without any reason, or when it is inappropriate.
Basic feelings as love, fear, anger, sorrow, anxiety, frustration, and depression and involves the understanding, empathy, and support of one person for another.
A condition which occurs when a person is under stress affecting their emotions.
Support can come from sympathetic and compassionate family, friends or health professionals.
Entering into the feelings of others.
A long-term, progressive disease of the lungs that primarily causes shortness of breath.
A specific amount of water, with or without an additive, that is introduced into the colon to eliminate stool.
It is the study of designing equipment and devices that fit the human body, its movements and its cognitive abilities.
A system of moral principles: rules of conduct.
The customary code of polite behavior in society or among members of a particular profession or group.
It is the immediate and rapid movement of people away from the threat or actual occurrence of a hazard.
Exhaling air out of the lungs.
Inability to speak or speak clearly.
The act or process of increasing the size, scope, range, or application of something.
A bodily limb or appendage.
Frames bearing lenses worn in front of the eyes, normally for vision correction.
To come down freely from a higher to a lower position, moved by the force of gravity.
The unlawful restraint of someone which affects the person's freedom of movement; includes both the threat of being physically restrained and actually being physically restrained.
It is a solid, immobile bulk of human feces that can develop in the rectum as a result of chronic constipation.
The inability to control the bowels, leading to involuntary passage of stool, also called anal incontinence.
Waste matter eliminated from the bowels.
Providing nutritional intake for a patient who is unable to feed self.
The act of stealing, taking advantage of, or improperly using the money, property or other assets of another person.
Combustion or burning, in which substances combine chemically with oxygen from the air and typically give out bright light, heat, and smoke.
Emergency care given immediately to an injured person.
Easily ignited and capable of burning quickly.
Gas generated in or expelled from the digestive tract.
To move muscles so as to cause flexion of a joint.
The act of bending a joint or limb in the body by the action of flexors.
Taking in and eliminating equal amounts of fluid.
An act or instance of taking in fluid.
A condition that occurs when the body is unable to handle the amount of fluid consumed.
A flexible tube that is passed through the urethra and into the bladder.
A device placed at the foot of the bed in such a way that the feet rest firmly against it and are at right angles to the legs. It is used to relieve the weight of the bedclothes and to maintain proper positioning of the feet while a patient is confined to bed. Its purpose is to prevent development of foot drop.
All aspects of preventative and corrective care of the foot.
A weakness of muscles In the feet and ankles that causes problems with the ability to flex the ankles and walk normally.
A medical order for a person to drink more fluids.
When a person is in a semi-sitting position (45 to 60 degrees).
A bedpan that is flatter than a regular bedpan.
It is an intentional deception made for personal gain or to damage another individual.
Wear or tearing in a cord.
full weight bearing
(FWB) Able to bear 100 percent of the body weight on one or both legs on a step.
A person's manner of walking.
A belt used to transfer a disabled person from one location to another by placing the belt around that person's waist and using it to hold on to while safely transferring the patient.
A tube inserted through the abdomen that delivers nutrition directly to the stomach.
The branch of medicine or social science dealing with the health and care of old people.
Ways a germ can be passed on to people or objects.
The scientific study of aging and its effects.
A type of diabetes that appears in pregnant women who have never had diabetes before but who have high glucose levels during pregnancy.
An organ in the human or animal body that secretes particular chemical substances for use in the body or for discharge into the surroundings.
A protective covering for the hand.
It is the main type of sugar in the blood and is the major source of energy for the body's cells.
Emotional and life adjustment you go through after a loss.
Practices to care for oneself, such as caring for fingernails and hair.
The activity of washing, cutting, curling, or arranging the hair.
Illusions a person see, hears, smells, tastes, or feels.
Washing hands with water and soap or other detergents that contain an antiseptic agent.
Washing hands with either plain or antiseptic soap and water and using alcohol- based hand rubs.
The involuntary trembling or shaking of the hands or fingers.
Cleaning of hands with water soap or other detergents.
A collection container that is sometimes inserted into a toilet to collect and measure urine or stool.
Chemicals present which are capable of causing harm.
(HAIs) infections that patients acquire within healthcare settings that result from treatment for other conditions.
Members of a team with the same goal of providing health care to patients.
It is a small electronic device that you wear in or behind your ear that magnifies sound vibrations entering the ear.
Someone who is hard of hearing or who has no hearing.
Gradual hearing loss that occurs as you age.
It is a type of involuntary striated muscle found in the walls of the heart.
Used for chronic conditions to help relax and loosen tissues, and to stimulate blood flow to the area.
The distance from the base of something to the top.
An emergency method for treating choking that uses an upward thrust immediately below the breastbone to expel food or another blockage from the windpipe.
The act of assisting residents.
Weakness on one side of the body.
Paralysis on one side of the body.
It is a potentially serious form of liver inflammation due to infection by the hepatitis B virus (HBV).
(Health Insurance Portability Act) A federal law that requires health information be kept private and secure and that organizations must take special steps to protect this information.
Human immunodeficiency virus is a lentivirus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.(AIDS)
Collecting and putting things away in a guarded manner.
A type of care that involves considering a whole system, such as a whole person, rather than dividing the system into parts.
home health care
Care that takes place in a person's home.
The condition in which all of the body's systems are working their best.
Chemical substances created by the body that control numerous body functions.
A usually small residential institution for terminally ill patients where treatment focuses on the patient's well-being rather than a cure and includes drugs for pain management and offers spiritual counseling.
Holistic, compassionate care given in facilities or homes for people who have six months or less to live.
To supply with ample fluid or moisture.
Practices used to keep bodies clean and healthy.
The intravenous infusion of nutrients administered directly into the blood- stream, bypassing the digestive tract.
High blood sugar.
High blood pressure.
Breathing that is deeper and more rapid than normal.
Low blood sugar.
Input and Output
Surgical construction of an artificial excretory opening through the abdominal wall into the ileum.
Incapable of being moved, not moving or motionless.
Resistant to a particular infection or toxin owing to the presence of specific antibodies.
A loss of function or ability.
An accident or unexpected event during the course of care that is not part of the normal routine in a healthcare facility.
The inability to control the bladder or bowels.
Touching something contaminated by an infected person.
A type of catheter that remains inside the bladder for a period of time.
The state resulting from pathogens invading the body and multiplying.
Measures practiced in health- care facilities to prevent and control the spread of disease.
The process in which a person, with the help of his doctor, makes Informed decisions about health care.
Moving a resident from one room to another within the same facility.
First observations made of a resident.
The fluid a person consumes.
input and output
What is taken in and expelled from the body.
It is where professionals are trained and discuss their work with others in their peer group.
A disorder that can make it hard to fall asleep, hard to stay asleep, or both.
Breathing air into the lungs.
A natural hormone made by the pancreas that controls the level of the sugar glucose in the blood. Insulin permits cells to use glucose for energy.
Complication of diabetes that can result from either too much insulin or too little food; also known as hypoglycemia.
The fluid a person consumes.
intake and output
What is taken in and expelled from the body.
The bodily system consisting of the skin and its associated structures, such as the hair, nails, sweat glands, and sebaceous glands.
A group of health care professionals from diverse fields who work in a coordinated fashion toward a common goal for the patient.
Are the skills that a person uses to interact with other people.
Separating a person from others against the person's will.
Term used to refer to the weaker, or affected side of the body after a stroke or injury.
The precautions that are taken in the hospital to prevent the spread of an infectious agent from an infected or colonized patient to susceptible persons.
Method of infection control used when caring for persons who are infected or suspected of being Infected with a disease.
Care for an IV site to prevent infection.
A verbal or written request for assistance or employment.
It is a list that a person might use for general tasks, or functions and responsibilities of a position.
A medical condition in which the kidneys fail to adequately filter toxins and waste.
Position in which a person is lying on either side.
Rules set by the government to help people live peacefully together and to ensure order and safety.
Foods, compounds, or drugs taken to Induce bowel movements or to loosen the stool.
length of stay
The number of days a person stays in a healthcare facility.
A legal term that means someone can be held responsible for harming someone else.
A therapy or device designed to preserve someone's life when an essential bodily system is not doing so.
Sheets that are placed under residents to help with turning, lifting, or moving up in bed.
Articles or garments made from linen or a similar cloth, such as cotton; bed sheets and tablecloths.
The active process of receiving and responding to spoken (and sometimes unspoken) messages.
A written statement detailing a person's desires regarding their medical treatment in circumstances in which they are no longer able to express informed consent.
An infection that is limited to a specific part of the body.
Method of rolling the body without disturbing the alignment of the body.
(LTC) It is a variety of services which help meet both the medical and non-medical need of people with a chronic illness or disability who cannot care for themselves for long periods of time.
low sodium diet
A diet that is low in salt.
A type of mental illness that may cause a person to lose interest in everything he once cared about.
making occupied bed
Making a bed with the resident stall in it.
male perineal care
Care of the genitals and anal area on a man.
Injury to a person due to professional misconduct through negligence, carelessness, or lack of skill.
A covering or appliance for shading, protecting, or medicating the face.
Maslow's hierarchy of needs
It is a theory in psychology, proposed by Abraham Maslow in his 1943 paper "A Theory of Human Motivation. "Maslow subsequently extended the idea to include his observations of humans' innate curiosity. His theories parallel many other theories of human developmental psychology, all of which focus on describing the stages of growth in humans.
To touch or rub sexual organs in order to give oneself or another sexual pleasure.
material safety data sheets
System for cataloging information on chemicals, chemical compounds, and chemical mixtures.
The measurement of vertical distance.
Measurement of the hotness of a body relative to a standard scale.
It provides a safe transfer for patients/residents from a supine to seated position or seated to seated transfer. Also called a hoyer lift.
mechanical soft diet
A diet containing ground or pureed foods that are easy to chew, often eaten by people who have dental problems or are lacking teeth.
A medical assistance program for low- income people.
Techniques used to control and to reduce the spread of pathogenic microorganisms. A medical aseptic technique is hand washing.
A chronological written account of a patient's examination and treatment that includes the patient's medical history and complaints.
A federal health insurance program for people who are 65 or older, are disabled, or are ill and cannot work.
Drugs used to treat an illness.
Refers to the loss of memories, such as facts, information and experiences.
It is the permanent end of menstruation and fertility.
A person's overall emotional and psychological condition.
Classification identifying offenders with documented mental disabilities such as a major mental illness.
Physical and chemical processes by which substances are produced or broken down into energy or products for use by the body.
A living thing or organism that is so small that it can be seen only through a micro-scope; also called microorganism.
An organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size.
A type of urine specimen in which the first and last urine are not included in the sample.
minimum data set
(MDS) A detailed form with guidelines for assessing residents in long- term care facilities, also details what to do if resident problems are identified.
Operates off a 24-hour clock.
The ability to move or be moved freely and easily.
mode of transmission
Method of describing how a pathogen travels from one person to the next person.
Diets for people who have certain illnesses; also called special or therapeutic diets.
Care includes brushing the teeth, flossing between them and checking the inside of the mouth and gums. It may also Include cleaning dentures.
State of movement; change of location.
Stands for methicillin-resistant Staphy- lococcus aureus, an antibiotic-resistant infection often acquired by people in hospitals and other healthcare facilities who have weakened immune systems.
The membranes that line body cavities such as the mouth, nose, eyes, rectum, or genitals.
It is an involuntary contrition of a muscle.
Relating to or involving the muscles and the skeleton.
Defined as promotion of clean, neat attractive nails and prevention of skin lesions related to improper care of nails.
It is a device used to deliver supplemental oxygen or airflow to a patient or person in need of respiratory help. This device consists of a plastic tube which fits behind the ears, and a set of two prongs which are placed in the nostrils.
A feeding tube that is inserted into the nose and goes to the stomach.
Sharp instruments for suturing or puncturing.
Harming a person physically, mentally, or emotionally by failing to provide needed care.
Actions, or the failure to act or provide the proper care, that result in unintended injury to a person.
A resident who is new to the facility.
Diseases that are not able to be spread from person to person.
Body language, communicating without using words.
(NWB) Unable to support any weight on one or both legs.
A hospital acquired Infection.
nothing by mouth
It is an area of a health care facility where nurses and other health care staff sit behind when not working directly with patients.
nursing assistant's role
Perform assigned tasks, such as bathing residents, helping them eat and drink, hair care, independence, and self-care.
Something found in food that provides energy, promotes growth and health, and helps regulate metabolism.
The process of nourishing or being nourished, especially the process by which a living organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and for replacement of tissues. The science or study that deals with food and nourishment, especially in humans.
Something worked toward or striven for; a goal.
Information based on what a person sees, hears, touches, or smells.
(Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act) A law passed by the federal government that includes minimum standards for nursing assistant training, staffing requirements, resident assessment instructions, and information on rights for residents.
obsessive compulsive disorder
A disorder in which a person uses obsessive behavior to cope with anxiety.
A condition in which the tube through which air enters the lungs is blocked.
occupational safety and health administration
(OSHA) A federal government agency that makes rules to protect workers from hazards on the job.
A bed while a person is in the bed.
The legal advocate for residents, who helps resolve disputes and settle conflicts.
The top covers are folded back so that a client can easily get into bed.
Questions that cannot be answered with a yes or no.
Care of the mouth, teeth, and gums.
It is the practice of keeping the mouth and teeth clean to prevent dental problems and bad breath.
Temperature taken from the mouth.
The awareness of one's physical environment with regard to time, place, and the identity of other people. The ability to adapt to such an existing or new environment.
To make familiar with or adjusted to fads, principles, or a situation.
The branch of medicine that deals with the prevention or correction of injuries or disorders of the skeletal system and associated muscles, Joints, and ligaments.
A device that helps support and align a limb and improve its functioning and helps prevent or correct deformities.
A common type of arthritis that usually affects the hips, knees, fingers, thumbs, and spine.
A disease that causes bones to become porous and brittle.
A surgically-created opening from an area inside the body to the outside.
A removable, disposable bag that attaches to the exterior opening of a colostomy (stoma) to permit sanitary collection and disposal of bodily wastes.
Care given for less than 24 hours for people who have had treatments or surgery and need short-term skilled care.
All fluid that is eliminated from the body including urine, feces, vomitus, perspiration, and moisture in the air that is exhaled.
A table that is placed over the bed for eating and other activities.
Element essential for breathing: a colorless odorless gas that is the most abundant element, forms compounds with most others, is essential for plant and animal respiration, and is necessary in most cases for combustion.
It is oxygen therapy, which is the administration of oxygen as a medical intervention, which can be for a variety of purposes in both chronic and acute patient care.
Walking back and forth in the same area.
It is a feeling triggered in the nervous system, it may be sharp or dull, it may come and go, or it may be constant.
Care that focuses on the comfort and dignity of the person rather than on curing them.
A disorder in which a person is terrified for no known reason.
A Loss or impairment of the ability to move a body part, usually as a result of damage to its nerve supply.
Extreme and unreasonable suspicion of other people and their motives.
Loss of function of lower body and legs.
A progressive disease of the nervous system marked by tremor, muscular rigidity, and slow, imprecise movement, chiefly affecting middle-aged and elderly people.
The act of assisting partially.
partial weight bearing
(PWB) Able to support some weight on one or both legs.
Not participating readily or actively.
Unintentionally harming a person physically, mentally, or emotionally by failing to provide needed care.
An infestation of lice.
percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy
(PEG) tube. A tube placed through the skin directly into the stomach to assist with eating.
Care of the genitals and anal area.
The genital and anal area.
The involuntary constriction and relaxation of the muscles of the intestine or another canal, creating wavelike movements that push the contents of the canal forward.
The repetition of words, phrases, questions, or actions.
Relating to life outside one's job, such as family, friends, and home life.
Assistance with washing, dressing, and other personal needs.
Privately owned items, such as keys, an identification card, or a wallet or watch.
Stressors that affect the individual personally.
The use of trained animals and handlers to achieve specific physical, social, cognitive, and emotional goals.
petit mal seizure
A form of epilepsy with very brief, unannounced lapses in consciousness. A petit mal seizure involves a brief loss of awareness, which can be accompanied by blinking or mouth twitching.
It is pain that feels like it's coming from a body part that's no longer there. Doctors once believed this post-amputation phenomenon was a psychological problem, but experts now recognize that these real sensations originate in the spinal cord and brain.
An extreme or irrational fear of or aversion to something.
Any treatment, Intentional or not, that causes harm to a person's body, includes slapping, bruising, cutting, burning, physically, restraining, pushing, shoving, or rough handling.
It is something that you need to live water, food, shelter, clothing.
Everything a physician needs to do his job.
Authority given to a physician to make decisions.
Taking things that belong to someone else.
An semi-hardened accumulation of substances from fluids that bathe an area. Examples include dental plaque and cholesterol plaque.
A course of action that should be taken every time a certain situation occurs.
Book of rules and procedures to follow.
A chair with a toilet seat and a removable container underneath; used for elimination.
portal of entry
Any body opening on an uninfected person that allows pathogens to enter.
portal of exit
Any body opening on an infected person that allows pathogens to leave.
The place where somebody or something is, especially in relation to other things. The act of helping people into positions that will be comfortable and healthy for them.
Care of the body after death.
Happening or done after a surgical operation.
post-traumatic stress disorder
An anxiety-related disorder caused by a traumatic experience.
the way a person holds and positions his body.
Lung inflammation caused by bacterial or viral infection.
Personal Protective Equipment. Specialized clothing or equipment worn by employees for protection against health and safety hazards.
A condition in which a person's blood glucose levels are above normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.
Areas of the body that bear much of its weight.
A serious wound resulting from skin breakdown, also known as a bed sore or decubitus ulcer.
Are areas of damaged skin and tissue caused by sustained pressure.
Efforts to prevent or reduce the severity of bodily injuries caused by external mechanisms.
The ability of an Individual or group to seclude themselves or information about themselves.
A method, or way, of doing something.
Having to do with work or a job.
How a person behaves when he or she is on the Job; it includes how a person dresses, the words he uses, and the things he talks about.
Happening or developing gradually or in stages; proceeding step by step.
Lying flat, esp. face downward or on the stomach.
A device that replaces a body part.
Protective clothing, helmets, goggles, or other garment designed to protect the wearer's body from injury.
Any behavior that causes a person to feel threatened, fearful, intimidated, or humiliated in any way.
They are understanding, compassion, attention, strength, trust, self-esteem, and companionship.
A method of treating mental z1lness that involves talking about one's problems with mental health professionals.
It is the rate at which your heart beats.
It is designed to provide liquid foods and foods of a smooth, soft consistency that require no chewing.
One of four corresponding parts, or quarters.
It is paralysis caused by Illness or injury to a human that results in the partial or total loss of use of all their limbs and torso.
quality of life
The patient's ability to enjoy normal life activities. Quality of life is an important consideration in medical care. Some medical treatments can seriously impair quality of life without providing appreciable benefit, whereas others greatly enhance quality of life.
Spreading out from a common center.
The pulse located on the inside of the wrist, where the radial artery runs just beneath the skin. Thumb side of arm.
A sloping surface that allows access from one level to a higher or lower level, or raises something up above floor or ground level.
range of motion
Refers to the distance and direction a joint can move to its full potential.
A formal activity that uses specific approaches to assist confused or disoriented persons toward an awareness of reality.
Inability to understand spoken or written words.
Of, relating to, or affecting the rectum.
The act or an instance of refusing, the opportunity or right to accept or reject something before it is offered elsewhere.
To restore to a condition of good health.
The act of public worship.
To recollect and tell of past experiences or events.
Give a spoken or written account of something that one has observed, heard, done, or investigated.
Any information about abuse witnessed or suspected that is given to the proper authority.
The act of repositing or the condition of being reposited. The return of something, such as a bone, to its proper position.
To create new life.
A place where a pathogen lives and grows.
Things that belong to the resident clothing, jewelry, photos, etc.
resident centered care
It is an approach to practice that is established through the formation and fostering of therapeutic relationships between all care providers, patients, and others significant to them. Resident centered care is underpinned by values of respect for persons, individual right to self determination, mutual respect, and understanding.
Means of identifying residents.
The quality or condition of a resident being self-sufficient.
Rights each resident has in any facility such as privacy, respect, and the right to refuse treatment etc...
Belief in the reliability, truth, ability, or strength of someone or something.
A part of an institution the resident resides in.
A person who lives somewhere permanently or on a long-term basis.
resident's bill of rights
Numerous rights identified in OBRA that relate to how residents must be treated while living in a facility, they provide an ethical code of conduct for healthcare workers.
A legal-medical document that is used to communicate among shifts, to document the resident's condition and to prove the care actually provided.
The surroundings or conditions in which the resident occupies.
Related by birth marriage or adoption as well as extended family and friends of the resident.
Rights each resident has in any facility such as privacy, respect, and the right to refuse treatment etc...
Prescribed plan of care.
The state of being regarded with honor or esteem. To treat with attention and civility.
The process of breathing air into the lungs and exhaling air out of the lungs.
Refers to symptoms of infection of the lower respiratory tract such as, cough, shortness of breath, difficulty breathing.
The system of organs In the body responsible for the intake of oxygen and the expiration of carbon dioxide.
responding to resident behavior
How we react to residents and their behaviors.
Care given to restore a resident to a set goal of independence.
A physical or chemical way to restrict voluntary movement or behavior.
A measure or condition that keeps someone or something under control or within limits.
Any intervention used in place of a restraint or that reduces the need for a restraint.
The state of being free of restraints and not using restraints for any reason.
A medical order for a person to limit fluids.
Emergency medical procedures for restoring normal heartbeat and breathing to victims of heart failure, drowning, etc.
A type of arthritis in which joints become red, swollen, and very painful, and movement is restricted.
That which is morally correct, just, or honorable.
A variable associated with an increased risk of disease or infection.
Turning a joint.
The condition of being protected from or unlikely to cause danger, risk, or injury.
A type of razor that has a sharp blade with a special safety casing to help prevent cuts, requires the use of shaving cream or soap.
safety and security need
Security needs include a desire for steady employment, health insurance, safe neighborhoods and shelter from the environment.
A substance or preparation for killing germs, designed for use especially on food-processing equipment.
A contagious skin disease marked by itching and small raised red spots.
Burns caused by hot liquids.
A graduated range of values forming a standard system for measuring or grading something.
scope of practice
Defines the things that healthcare providers are legally allowed to do and how to do them correctly.
The state of being free from danger or threat.
A sudden attack (as of disease); especially: the physical manifestations (as convulsions, sensory disturbances, or loss of consciousness) resulting from abnormal electrical discharges in the brain (as in epilepsy).
Personal worth, social recognition and accomplishment.
When a patient is lying in bed in a supine position with the head of the bed at approximately 30 degrees.
It is the part of nervous system concerned with the receiving of stimulus and sending those signals to the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) for interpretation and action.
An accident or incident that results in grave physical or psychological injury or death.
Forcing a person to perform or participate in sexual arts against his or her will; includes unwanted touching, exposing oneself and sharing pornographic material.
Any unwelcome sexual advance or behavior that creates an intimidating, hostile, or offensive working environment; Includes requests for sexual favors, unwanted touching, and other ants of a sexual nature.
Need or desire for intimacy.
Needles or other sharp objects.
Container that is filled with used medical needles, and other sharp medical instruments.
To remove the beard or other body hair from the body, with a razor or shaver.
shearing of skin
An applied force or pressure exerted against the surface and layers of the skin.
A condition that occurs when organs and tissues in the body do not receive an adequate blood supply.
Rails on the side of the bed used for safety.
Position in which a person is in a left side-lying position, lower arm is behind the back and the upper knee is flexed and raised toward the chest.
A bath in which only the buttocks and hips are immersed In water.
Medically necessary care given by a skilled nurse or therapist, is available 24 hours a day.
Condition of the skin.
A false and malicious spoken statement.
Inhale and exhale the smoke of tobacco or a drug.
Needs concerned with love, friendship, status, and esteem—things that involve a person's interaction with others.
Diets for people who have certain Illnesses; also called therapeutic or modified diets.
A sample that is used for analysts in order to try to make a diagnosis.
Cause or allow (liquid) to flow over the edge of its container, esp. unintentionally.
They are the things that are not material, but abstract and necessary for the survival and growth of the human being. Religious beliefs.
A mixture of saliva and mucus coughed up from the respiratory tract.
A test to detect and identify bacteria or fungi that are infecting the lungs or breathing passages.
Precautions to prevent skin and mucous membrane exposure when in contact with any blood or other body fluids.
Taking something that is not yours.
The procedure of making some object free of live bacteria or other microorganisms.
A medical instrument for listening to the action of someone's heart or breathing stress.
An artificial opening In body.
A catheter that does not remain inside the person; It is removed immediately after urine is drained.
Stress is your body's way of responding to any kind of demand. It can be caused by both good and bad experiences. When people feel stressed by something going on around them, their bodies react by releasing chemicals into the blood.
Something that causes stress.
A sudden disabling attack or loss of consciousness caused by an interruption in the flow of blood to the brain.
Side of the body not weakened.
A comprehensive inpatient care program for patients with a serious illness, injury, or disease who do not need intensive (acute care) hospital services.
Based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or opinions.
Observations that involve personal feelings, attitudes, and perceptions.
Information that a person cannot or did not observe, but is based on something reported to the person that may or may not be true.
The use of legal or illegal drugs, cigarettes, or alcohol in a way that is harmful to the abuser or to others.
A state of agitation, confusion, or delirium, especially in patients suffering from Alzheimer's disease, which begins daily at nightfall and which is alleviated by daylight.
Lying face upward.
Supplying nutrients that are lacking in the regular diet.
A medication given rectally to cause a bowel movement.
The state of being free of all microorganisms, not just pathogens, also called sterile technique.
An uninfected person who could get sick.
An increase in the size or a change in the shape of an area of the body.
The act or capacity of entering into or sharing the feelings or interests of another.
A systemic disease is one that affects a number of organs and tissues, or affects the body as a whole.
The blood pressure when the heart is contracting.
A faster than normal heart rate.
The ability to understand what is proper and appropriate when dealing with others, being able to speak and act without offending others.
Elastic stockings used to help the blood flow in your legs and prevent blood clots.
It is the way an individual should speak on the phone. Never put the other person on long holds. Make sure you greet the other person. Take care of your pitch and tone.
The degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment.
A flexible but inelastic cord of strong fibrous collagen tissue attaching muscle to a bone.
A disease which will eventually end the life of the sufferer.
Diets for people who have certain Illnesses, also called special or modified diets.
An instrument for measuring and indicating temperature.
Fluids that are thick, normally used for individuals who have swallowing problems.
Are often used for people with dysphagia a disorder of swallowing function.
A resident that threatens others.
A place where trash is deposited.
The nail of a toe.
Routine/scheduled toileting and toilet habit training establish a routine voiding schedule, usually every 2 to 4 hours, whether or not a sensation-to-void is present.
total parenteral nutrition
(TPN)The intravenous Infusion of nutrients administered directly into the bloodstream, bypassing the digestive tract.
Windpipe, tube that connects the pharynx or larynx to the lungs, allowing the passage of air.
An act of moving something or someone to another place.
A belt made of canvas or other heavy material used to assist people who are weak, unsteady, or uncoordinated; also called a gait belt .
transient ischemic attack
It is like a stroke, producing similar symptoms, but usually lasting only a few minutes and causing no permanent damage. Often called a mini stroke, a transient ischemic attack may be a warning. About 1 in 3 people who have a transient ischemic attack eventually has a stroke, with about half occurring within a year after the transient ischemic attack.
Method of infection control used when caring for persons who are infected or suspected of being infected with a disease, also called isolation precautions.
Bag used for transporting.
Take or carry (people or goods) from one place to another.
Process of taking food from one place to another.
A bath given in a tub.
A medical device used to provide nutrition to patients who cannot obtain nutrition by swallowing.
(TB) An airborne disease that affects the lungs; causes coughing, trouble breathing fever, weight loss, and fatigue.
A system of tubes.
A group of abnormally growing cells.
Two times a day.
Anatomy Of or relating to the middle ear or eardrum.
Not changed, modified, or affected.
Lacking awareness and the capacity for sensory perception; not conscious.
Not conforming to approved standards of social or professional behavior.
A bed made while no one is in the bed.
Not firm, solid, or securely in place; unstable.
Tube that carries urine out of the body from the bladder.
urinary catheter bag
The bag the urine drains into.
The inability to control the bladder, which leads to an involuntary loss of urine.
The bodily system consisting of the organs that produce, collect, and eliminate urine including the kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra.
The passing of urine.
Is a sterile liquid by-product of the body that is secreted by the kidneys.
Urinary tract infection is an infection that begins in your urinary system.
Giving value or approving.
They are dilated, tortuous, elongated superficial veins that are usually seen in the legs.
The use of language-spoken or written that threatens, embarrasses, or insults a person.
Communicating using words or sounds, spoken or written.
Conduct and/or behavior, verbal and non verbal, which includes but is not limited to: verbal and/or physical aggression, attack, threats, harassment, intimidation, or other disruptive behavior in any form, or by any media, which causes or could cause a reasonable person to fear physical harm.
A vision disorder is an impairment of the sense of vision. Vision disorder can range from mild to severe, and may be lasting or only temporary.
Measurements that show how well the vital organs of the body are working; body temperature, pulse, respiration's, blood pressure, and level of pain .
Matter from the stomach that has come up into and may be ejected beyond the mouth.
Stands for vancomycin-resistant enterococcus, a genetically changed strain of enterococcus that originally developed in people who were ex-posed to the antibiotic vancomycin.
A device used to assist residents with walking.
Resident who walks around aimlessly.
A regulator for controlling the flow of a liquid from a reservoir. A faucet for drawing water from a pipe or cask.
How hot or cold the water is.
Also called hemiparesis is muscle weakness on only one side of the body. When hemiparesis happens as a result of a stroke, it commonly involves muscles in the face, arm, and leg.
It is a symptom used to describe a number of different conditions, including: lack of muscle strength, malaise, dizziness or fatigue.
To measure the heaviness of an object.
A measure of the heaviness of an object.
well balanced meal
Is a group of food containing all of the essential nutrients needed for optimal growth, tissue repair, and normal functioning of the organs normally eaten in one sitting.
Proper mechanics of wheelchair use.
white blood cells
Cells the body makes to help fight infections.
a resident who shows a lack of interest in activities, it can be a sign of abuse or depression.
Verbal, physical, or sexual abuse of staff by residents or other staff members.