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40 terms

patho quiz 5

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The most common cause of Addison's disease is
an autoimmune reaction
The predominant phagocyte of early inflammation is the
neutrophil
In normal blood counts, the most abundant cells in the blood are
erythrocytes
Insulin is primarily regulated by which of the following?
serum glucose levels
Diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus (DM), and SIADH share what symptom?
thirst
Monocytes are blood cells that mature into what?
macrophages
A 35-year-old femail is diagnosed with lymphadenopathy. Which assessment finding will help confirm this diagnososis?
disordered lymph nodes
Which of the following alteration would you expect to find in a patient with untreated Cushing disease or syndrome?
hypertension
The purpose of checking a person with diabetes for glycosylated hemoglobin (Ha1C) levels is to....
monitor long-term serum glucose control
Which gland secretes ADH and oxytocin?
posterior pituitary
Pernicious anemia is caused by a deficiency in?
b12
The greatest proportion of total iron in the body is located in?
erythrocytes
An unstable type of hemoglobin that cannot bind with oxygen is called?
methamoglobin
A diagnosis of hereditary hemochromatosis is a disorder of which of the following?
iron overload
Lymphadenopathy is evidenced by?
enlarged lymph nodes
What are the classic symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in a child?
polydipsia, polyuria, polyphagia, and weight loss
Which cell can differentiate into any tissue type?
pluripotent
A person with Addison's disease may have weakness and become fatigued easily. Why?
hypocorticolism
A patient is diagnosed with infectious mononucleosis. Which of the following symptoms would most likely be present?
lymph node enlargement, fever, fatigue, enlargement of liver and spleen
Splenomegaly refers to?
enlargement of the spleen
Lipid-soluble hormone receptors cross the plasma membrane by?
diffusion
A 10-year-old male is diagnosed with sickle cell anemia. He most likely inherited it from who?
both parents
The most likely cause of infectious mononucleosis is which of the following?
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)
What causes the hyperpigmentation seen in people with Cushing syndrome?
elevated levels of ACTH
Hemophilia A is also know as?
Classic hemophilia
Which mother is at most risk for maternal-fetal blood incompatibility?
mother Rh -, and child Rh +
A 12-year-old femal is newly diagnosed with Type-1 DM. What is the probable cause?
immune destruction of the pancreas
Congenital hypothyroidism that is left untreated in a child could lead to which of the following?
mental retardation and stunted growth
Which condition makes the patient most prone to develop non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL)?
AIDS
In the United States, which group of people should be assessed first for sickle cell disease?
African-Americans
During an infection, lymph nodes enlarge and become tender because?
lymphocytes are rapidly dividing
Multiple myeloma can be defined as a neoplasm of?
B cells
What common neurologic disturbances would be present in a patient with a pituitary adenoma?
visual disturbances
Direct stimulation of the insulin-secreting cells of the pancreas by the autonomic nervous system is an example of __________ control?
neural
The primary cause of anemia is which of the following?
iron deficiency
What is leukocytosis?
a high leukocyte count
Aplastic anemia is caused by what?
stem cell deficiency
What is another term that is used to describe hemophilia B?
Christmas disease
Both Cushing syndrome and Addison's disease can manifest with elevated levels of what?
adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)
After birth, red blood cells are normally made only in the?
bone marrow