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OSHA

STUDY
PLAY
occupational safety and health administration
OSHA
to reduce the transmission of microorganisms
what is the purpose of OSHA?
reduces the transmission of microorganisms
Handwashing
handwashing
______should be done before and after gloving for invasive and noninvasive procedure
medical handwashing
______ Is done for 2-3 minutes or quick wash: 20 seconds. hand are not required to be above waist level but must not touch surroundings, finger tips down , non surgical disposable gloves
Surgical handwashing
______ is done for about 10 minutes. quick wash 6 minutes, elbows to finger tips, has must be kept above waist (or sterile field)
should be removed from waiting area and placed into an examination room (isolation)
priority patients
chickenpox, tuberculosis, any contagious or life threatening diseases
examples of priority patients
is the spread of microorganisms through little droplets of fluid in the air by coughing, sneezing and talking
droplet infection
above waist level
sterile field
is indirect transfering of microoganisms by means of air
airborne transmission
tuberculosis
airborne transmission example
Carried or transported by
-borne
sterile
100 % germ free
contaminate
touch with unsterile hand and medical gloves or other equipment will _________ a sterile field
contaminate
droplet infections can _______ a sterile field
contaminate
moisture of any sort will _______ a sterile field
contaminate
anything below the waist will _______ a sterile field
HIV
HBV
two highlighted blood-borne diseases two watch out for in the lab
human immunodeficiency virus
HIV
disinfectant
an agent (as heat or radiation or a chemical) that destroys microorganisms that might carry disease ...is corrosive to the skin
antiseptic
a substance that destroys micro-organisms that carry disease without harming body tissues ..can be used on skin
personal protective equipment
PPE
false only when skin is intact once there is a break in skin you will be at risk for infection
(True or false and if false why?) the skin is a protective barrier against microorganisms
cleaned up
spills should be _____ immediately to avoid accidents
blood
semen
vaginal secretions
amniotic fluid
sputum ( or flem )
examples of body fluids
1:10 or (10% bleach and 90% water)
body fluids such as blood should be cleaned from premises using a ratio of _____ water and bleach (or ___% bleach ___% water)
all blood and unknown body fluids should be handled as if known to be infectious
UNIVERSAL OR STANDARDS PRECAUTIONS - the heart of OSHA
body substance isolation
BSI
use of PPE to protect individuals from contact with blood and other infectious materials
BODY SUBSTANCE ISOLATION
gloves
goggles
lab coats
examples of PPE
engineering way of controlling infection
engineering controls
how you protect yourself. covers the body with techniques such as handwashing , bandage over cuts .
WORKFORCE
maintenance of the work place
HOUSEKEEPING
series of 3 shots over a 6 month period
HEPATITIS B VACCINATION
Blood
whole blood
blood components
and products in which blood is an ingredient such as certain vaccines
are disease-causing microorganisms that live in the blood
bloodborne pathogen
refers to any object that can penatrate the skin (needles , scalpels , broken glass)
sharps
refers to the use of physical and/or chemical means to remove or destroy bloodborne pathogens on a surface or item
decontamination
refers to the presence or reasonably anticipated presence of microorganisms on an item or surface
contamination
are found in the conjunctiva of the eyes, mouth, nasal, passageway etc
mucous membranes
contact with pathogens bloodborne or otherwise potentially infectious material that result from the performance of an employees duties.
occupational exposure