18 terms

Chapter 3 - Ancient Egypt - for final 2017

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Nile River
The world's longest river, which flows over 4,000 miles northward through East Africa into the Mediterranean Sea
delta
very fertile, flat land made of silt dropped by a river as it drains into a larger body of water
Lower Egypt
Northern Egypt, lies lower or downstream on the Nile River
Upper Egypt
Southern Egypt, lies upstream on the Nile River
pharaoh
the title of the rulers of Ancient Egypt
Menes
King of Upper Egypt who united Upper and Lower Egypt
unification
the joining of two separate parts into one
mummification
the process of preserving a dead body through embalming and drying; method used by Ancient Egyptians
pyramids
huge stone structures built as tombs, or burial places, for the pharaohs
Khufu
Egyptian pharaoh who built the Great Pyramid
hieroglyphics
Egyptian writing system which used about 800 picture signs
papyrus
reed plant pressed together to form a kind of paper
Jean Champollion
French scholar who figured out how to read hieroglyphs in 1822 by using the Greek writing on the Rosetta Stone
Nubia
wealthy kingdom in south of Egypt, had gold mines
Ahmose I
Egyptian Pharaoh who created the new kingdom, and made Egypt a strong military power
Hatshepsut
female pharaoh, known for her burial temple, Deir el Bahri
Ramses II
last strong pharaoh, ruled for 67 years, 1304 BC to 1237 BC
social pyramid
a diagram illustrating the social order divisions within a culture; usually showing the most powerful person or group at the peak and the least powerful persons at the bottom