25 terms

French Baroque

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Main french king, major patron of arts, brought De Vinci to France, Catholic king, typical royal portrait, big sleeves in
Jean Clouet, Francis I (c. 1525-1530)
first commission by Francis I, originally a hunting cabin, housed about 2000 people
Château de Chambord, Chambord, France (begun 1519)
became museum after french revolution, prior to that was a urban palace for king, Francis died before this was finished, steep peaked roof because of snow in winter, Italian classic style also known as french classical style
Pierre Lescot, The Louvre, Paris (begun 1546)
main king of 17th century, longest reign in european history, pouring money into arts, painted by a court painter
Hyacinthe Rigaud, Portrait of Louis XIV (1701)
king wanted artistic control, photo of academy of art controlled by the state, not first art school in Europe but other one did not have state control, people wanted a scholarship to go to rome to learn for 3 years, always started with drawing
Johann Zoffany, The Academy of Art (Royal Academicians) (1771-2)
classic style, artist began training before french academy, then works for academy, shepherds in the garden of eden surrounding a tomb, women in corner reminding men of death
Nicolas Poussin, Et in Arcadia Ego (c. 1655)
st john is writing, this is a landscape done in a style to be considered classical at the time, totally invented landscape to look calm and harmonious
Nicolas Poussin, Landscape with St. John on Patmos (1640)
became first painter for the king, held a lot of power in court, helped set up and run french academy, eventually becomes the director of french academy and is permanently the chancellor of the current academy, royal portrait, equestrian portrait of King, being portrayed as general , head of armies
Charles Le Brun, Equestrian Portrait of Louis XIV (1665)
building at versailles took several decades, Le Brun was in charge, all nobles had to live at versailles, palace held 5 thousand people
Jules Hardouin-Mansart, Charles Le Brun, Andre Le Nôtre, Palace of Versailles (begun 1669)
roads of town converge at palace, town held another 5 thousand people
Adam Frans van der Meulen, The Construction of Versailles (1668)
originally an open porch, Mansart decided to change it to hall of mirrors, used for main ceremonial reception room, people also gathered here to observe the king and queen, king starts arguing that the palace is all for good of french state and people, it demonstrates how talented his artists are. BUT the mirrors came from Venice because they had a monopoly on mirrors then
* Jules Hardouin-Mansart and Charles Le Brun, Hall of Mirrors at Versailles (c. 1680)
(25-27)
glorifies the king, equestrian portrait sculpture over fire place
Jules Hardouin-Mansart and Charles Le Brun, Room of War, Versailles (c.1680)
filled with canals and 1400 fountains fed by water mills, really important space to king
Andre Le Nôtre, Versailles Gardens (c.1670)
Baroque came to English from a French word meaning "irregularly shaped." At first, the word in French was used mostly to refer to pearls. Eventually, it came to describe an extravagant style of art characterized by curving lines, gilt, and gold.
French Baroque
the acceptance of or belief in absolute principles in political, philosophical, ethical, or theological matters.
absolutism
A court painter was an artist who painted for the members of a royal or noble family, sometimes on a fixed salary and on an exclusive basis where the artist was not supposed to undertake other work. Especially in the late Middle Ages, they were often given the office of valet de chambre.
court painter
The French Academy of Sciences (French: Académie des sciences) is a learned society, founded in 1666 by Louis XIV at the suggestion of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research
French Academy
History painting is a genre in painting defined by its subject matter rather than artistic style. History paintings usually depict a moment in a narrative story, rather than a specific and static subject, as in a portrait.
history painting
The Prix de Rome (pronounced: [pʁi də ʁɔm]) was a French scholarship for arts students, initially for painters and sculptors, that was established in 1663 during the reign of Louis XIV of France. Winners were awarded a bursary that allowed them stay in Rome for three to five years at the expense of the state.
Prix de Rome (Rome Prize)
academy, A secondary or college-preparatory school, especially a private one
academie
classicism
Reflected in Poussin's Et in Arcadia Ego, the dominant style in France during the Baroque period was ___________________ .
Louis XIV
Who founded the French Royal Academy of Painting and Sculpture?
b. a grand architectural project displaying the power and ambition of Louis XIV
Which of the following best describes Versailles?
Select one:
a. a building to house government officials
b. a grand architectural project displaying the power and ambition of Louis XIV
c. a huge palace for the royal court and royal family
d. a royal hunting chateau
The gardens were tightly designed and favored geometric patterns
How does the phrase "controlling nature" reflect the gardens of Versailles?
Louis XIV called himself "the sun king," and Apollo is the god of the sun
The subject of Girardon and Regnaud's sculpture Apollo Attended by the Nymphs is the Greek god Apollo. Why would this sculpture also refer to Louis XIV?
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