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50 terms

Nutrition 5

STUDY
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They are created during the hydrogenation process
Which of the following statements is TRUE about trans fatty acids?
False
Only plants can synthesize cholesterol.
True
In general, animal-based fats are high in saturated fats.
Small intestine
The vast majority of fat digestion and absorption occurs in the ________
corn oil
Which of the following is a rich source of polyunsaturated fatty acids?
trans fatty acids
Which of the following types of fat is required to be listed on the Nutrition Facts Panel by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration?
phospholipids
The key structural components of a cell's membrane is(are) ________.
chylomicron
Which lipoprotein transports dietary fat out of the small intestine?
olestra
Which of the following is a fat replacer?
They are found in meat and dairy products.
Which of the following is NOT true about essential fatty acids?
saturated
Which of the following fatty acids is generally solid at room temperature?
large intestine
All of the following organs assist in the digestion of lipids EXCEPT the
found in whole milk and beef.
Saturated fats are ________
being overweight
Which of the following is a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease?
palm kernel and coconut oils
Which of the following foods contains a large quantity of saturated fatty acids?
<100
target LDL blood level
>60
target HDL blood level
<200
target total blood cholesterol level
<150
target blood level of triglycerides
lower intake of saturated fat and trans fat
What lifestyle changes can a person take to improve his or her blood lipid profile?
hydrogenation.
The process of adding hydrogen to an unsaturated fatty acid and creating a more solid fat is called ________
partially hydrogenated vegetable oil
Which of the following ingredients would alert you to the likely presence of trans fatty acids in a product?
lipoprotein lipase
Fat leaves the chylomicron and moves into adipose cells when ________ comes in contact with it, which causes the triglyceride to break up and be taken into the adipose cell
bile
To facilitate the digestion of dietary fats, the gallbladder stores and releases a substance known as ________
2,400
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) currently recommend a reduction in dietary sodium intake to less than _______ mg per day.
chocolate cake
Which of the following foods contains invisible fats?
gastrointestinal distress
Which of the following health problems has been associated with high intakes of fat replacers?
organic nutrients that are insoluble in water
Which of the following describes lipids?
maintaining fat intake to within 20-35% of total energy
Which of the following recommendations have been shown to improve blood lipid levels and reduce the risk for cardiovascular disease?
choose trans-fat free margarines over butter.
The American Heart Association advises consumers to
glycogens
All of the following are major classes of dietary lipids EXCEPT
swordfish
Which of the following species of fish would likely contain the highest levels of contaminants?
adipose tissue
Where in the body are the majority of triglycerides stored for future energy needs?
Our bodies manufacture phospholipids.
Why are phospholipids NOT an essential nutrient?
triglycerides
What is the primary form of fat in the diet?
monounsaturated, medium chain
A fatty acid that contains a chain of ten carbons and one double bond is termed a fatty acid.
linoleic
The two essential fatty acids are ________ and alpha-linolenic acids.
as little as possible
How much trans fat is recommended in the diet?
C-reactive protein (CRP)
A nonspecific marker of inflammation associated with cardiovascular disease is ________
Fat makes us feel hungry
Which of the following is NOT a function of fat in the human body?
margarine made from corn or safflower oil
Which of the following is a rich source of omega-6 fatty acids?
prostate
Research has found the strongest association between dietary fat intake and what type of cancer?
sterols
Sex hormones and adrenal hormones are substances derived from which class of lipid?
heart disease
What is the leading cause of death in the United States?
olive oil and cashew nuts
Which of the following foods are rich sources of monounsaturated fatty acids?
butter
Which of the following food items would contain the highest amount of saturated fat?
nuts and nut butters
Which of the following are excellent sources of unsaturated fats?
adrenaline
During exercise, which of the following triggers the breakdown of stored fat?
3 fatty acids and 1 glycerol.
A triglyceride is comprised of ________
triglycerides
The major form of fat in both food and the body is ________