Shanks Art Appreciation #3
Terms in this set (70)
Members of Fluxus
Nam June Paik
-isolates a sensory act of everyday life to bring us in direct encounter with the self "self being"
"I like America and America likes me" based on odd behavior form his rituals, explores the motion of artists as shaman and uses his art to heal both personality and spiritually
Nam June Paik
-first to use video film and TV monitors in his art (brought form Korea)
-comments on how viewers blindly accept images and information in a culture where it's difficult to tell real information
avant garde composer
"There is no such thing as silence"
Yoko Ono (what piece)
Buddha and TV monitor
Can you distinguish the types of paint?
oil, encaustic, tempera, watercolor, acrylic, fresco and collage
What characteristic of oil did I emphasize?
The painterly quality, the ability to lay it down thickly, expressively with a heavy impasto
What is impasto?
paint is laid on the area pf the surface, usually thick enough that the brush or painting knife strokes are visible
What is fresco and where might you find one?
painting technique used when combining warm water and pigments and applying them to a fresh time plaster wall. Found in Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel
What is encaustic? what is the defining component?
painting technique used when pigments are combined with hot wax, ancient but still used today
What is tempera?
paint technique used when pigments are combined with egg yolk, uses fine linear affect of color on the surface and used until end of middle ages
the mineral or synthetic component that gives paint color
component that combines pigments: can be natural or synthetic
used to thin down paint to to clean
1st layer of paint on a support that provides a smooth surface and stops absorption by the support
19th century french painting style
What events impacted impressionism?
industrial revolution, rebuilding of paris by baron houseman tube paint is invented
What art form influenced them?
How did Monet influence impressionist painters?
japanese wood stock painting, discovered as packing material and goods from japan, subject matter included
what does the city of paris have to do with impressionism?
baron houseman created an urban renewal aka a beautiful paris with parks and recreation. open bolevaurds
What are les bourgeoisie and what do they have to do with impressionism?
industrial revolution created a middle class who had leisure time
impressionism scene painted quickly and rapidly outdoors
What are the characteristics of this painting style (Monet: Blue with trees)?
sensational arbitrary color use
What is it about color and light that fascinated the impressionists?
pondered the nature of light and color, they were interested in color not as they understood it to exist but they saw it in nature played with affects of natural and artificial light. They were interested in color theory which is letting viewers eye help blend the colors
What were women impressionist subject matter for the most part? Why?
home and family because single women couldn't leave home
3 modern masters of paint
Vincent Van Gogh
arbitrary color use, distortion to form: expressive quality of composition
Who painted the self portrait and Dr. Gachet?
What are the characteristics of the Starry Night?
Arbitrary color use distorted form, lots of texture, impasto, movement on the surface
Van Gogh's background...
post constructionist era, grew up deathly, moved to london= bad job and heart broken, moved to Belgium then Paris, wrote over 800 letters
What 20th century painting style came out of Van Gogh?
What are the characteristics of "the scream"?
convey emotion and meaning rather that reality, distorted form, disordered and exaggerated
Demoiselles d' Avignon
What element is manipulated in Demoiselles d' Avignon?
Whats wrong with Demoiselles d' Avignon?
multiple perspective at once, back ground and foreground combined
What is this style called?
What are the characteristics of the cubism?
just paint on the surface, back and forth ground are combined
Historial context of the cubism...?
don't recreate image
What is Picassos most important legacy to modern art?
"Guernica" What is the subject matter and what characteristics come from this painting?
bombing of a Spanish village by Hitler
Why is it radical and unique for the time (pollock's process?
formal aspects are more significant line unless movement, color is deemphasized, no focal point
What about pollocks scale? How does this impact the viewer and contribute to meaning/feeling of the work?
very large scale made from all four sides of art work, everything is derived from the gesture, process is more important
What style influenced pollock?
What is automatism? How does this connect to Pollock and surrealism?
30s and 40s letting the conscious mind sleep and the unconscious take over
What is unique about pollock?
they are big; enviroment
What other sort ritualistic art form influenced pollock?
Mexican art sand and drawn on the ground
What about the formal qualities of pollock's paintings?
1. line is more important then color or focal point
2. no horizon line, unless movement
3. Large scale
4. gesture of arm and body with which he applied his paint
Whats more important to Pollock?
What early 20th century art moment is the origin of contemporary conceptual art?
Where did Dada originate?
What is Dada historical context?
WWII, Freuds theories, nationalism, declaration of independence, surrealism
What is the significant aspect of legacy to contemporary art?
What is readymade?
What issues about art does the "fountain" raise?
the artists didn't make it, it isn't a unique object, to common place and uncouth, makes fun of high art on pedestals
What is the most important?
The American movement that comes out of Dada?
Where is Fluxus centered?
What was their medium?
What did they explore?
things that are shifting chaining and constantly moving
What did they say about John Cage 4'33?
Let sound be itself
Whats more important to a conceptual artist?
What word is on top of the ladder?