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DELTA Module 1 Phonology
Terms in this set (33)
the study of the sound system of a language
the study of phonemes, eg, should - sh-u-d - 3 phonemes
study of sounds in sentences and how they change; also stress and intonation patterns
a language where the rhythm is determined by the number of stressed syllables, so the others become squashed. Opposite: syllable-timed
the smallest unit of sound that can distinguish two words, eg mat and bat
International Phonetic Alphabet, all languages
variation of phoneme which happens as a result of influence of an adjacent phoneme, eg, little has 2 variations of l, clear and dark. <law of least effort>
b (voiced) p (unvoiced)
stop, lateral, fricative, nasals
tp; l; fsz; mn and ng
consonants with vowel-like qualities; y and w
sounds that continue without variation as long as the breath lasts. f, v, th, s, z, sh, zh and m, n, ng.
This is when a speech sound changes, becoming more like another sound which follows or precedes it.
assimilation looking backwards, when the sound affects the one that comes before it - hambag
assimilation looking forward
where each sound affects each other at the boundary between words, so would you (j sound)
linking words smoothly together
r, y and w. China and Japan, r; you are, w,
consonant vowel linking
when boundaries blur;eg "first of all" "festival"
features which occur at the boundary of two words which means that, although they are connected, the boundary is still clear eg ice cream and I scream, when spoken.
when two similar sounds come together and one sound is omitted, eg first day. Often happens with t and d, like old man.
Two items whose meanings alter when just one phoneme is changed, e.g. 'pin'/'bin', 'pear'/'bear'.
A sound which is articulated by vibrating the vocal cords.
a learner's ability to distinguish between two close but different sounds when heard together
lingua franca core
Those phonological features which are deemed to be vital in conveying a clear, unambiguous message to other users, especially in NNS - NNS communication.
means the addition of one or more sounds to a word, especially to the interior of a word. e.g.: estunning, verba, from the Spanish. Bangladeshi, or Italians.
splits: "spl" and "ts"
another way to say sentence stress
these are usually stressed more than structural words
also known as nuclear stress, this is where the greatest movement in pitch/ prominence can be found in an utterance
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Delta Module 1 Terms
DELTA Module 1 Features of Genres
Delta Module 1 - FUNCTIONS
DELTA Module 1 Assumptions
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