32 terms

Chapter 4 Section 3 Employment Regulations

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Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
Authorized to utilize lawsuits and mediation to fight against discrimination in employment.
Established by the Civil Rights Act.
Discrimination in employemnt
Hiring , promoting, or discharging on the basis of race, color, sex, religion, or national origin.
Defined by Title VII of the Civil Rights Act.
Rehabilitation Act of 1973
Adds disability to the categories of prohibited discriminatory bases.
Americans with Disabilities Act
Requires employers to provide "reasonable accommodations" for a qualified worker who happens to have a substantial physical or mental impairrment
Pregnancy Discrimination Act
Requires that an employer treat pregnancy, giving birth, and recovery from delivery in the same manner in which it treats other physical problems producing an inability to work
Age Discrimination in Employment Act
Makes it illegal for private employers to discriminate against persons because they are age 40 or over
quid pro quo
Occurs when a boss threatens to fire an employee unless the employee provides sexual favors
Hostile environment
Occurs when an employee's ability to work is hampered by unwelcome sexual comments, gestures, or contact
Bona Fide Occupational Qualifications
Allow types of discrimination that are reasonably necessary to the conduct of a specific business
Affirmative Action Plans
Plans voluntarily created by employers according to EEOC guidelines that set down methods and time frames for actions to eliminate discrimiination
Adverse impact
unfavorable effect
National Labor Relations Act
Created a system of regulation that assures fairness and order in the process of negotiating employment contracts
labor union
Representative organization for employees that sets up bargaining procedures with employers
collective bargaining
Negotiations over conditions and terms of employment between representatives of a work force and its employer
unfair labor practices
Union or employer actions that violates the rights of employees with respect to union activity
boycott
A refusal to do business with a particular person or firm in order to obtain concessions
secondary boycott
Causing third parties to agree to cease doing business with a firm with which a union is involved in a dispute
strike
A collective work stoppage by employees to pressure the employer to give in to union demands
right-to-work laws
Prohibit collective bargaining agreements from requiring union membership as a condition of employment
Fair Labor Standards Act
Sets hours and wage guidelines for any person who works in or produces goods for interstate commerce
minimum wage
The lowest amount that can be paid for hourly wages
Equal Pay Act
Makes it illegal to use gender as a basis for paying one worker less than another who is performing similar work
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
Establishes and enforces federal health and safety standards in a workplace
Family and Medical Leave Act (FAMLA)
Sets down rules for employers whose employees are unable to work because of serious medical conditions
vocational rehabilitation
Training to assume another type of job
workers' compensation
Assists workers injured on the job.
Requires employers to buy insurance that would pay injured employees benefits regardless of who is responsible to the injury.
Social insurance
Help protect against the effects of retirement, unemployment, disabilities, extraordinary health problems, and the loss to dependent(s) of a primary wage earner
Medicare
Social security health insurance for those age 65 or older with enough work credits to be eligible
Medicaid
Health insurance for those unable to get needed medical services due to low income
Unemployment compensation
Money paid to qualified workers who have lost their jobs
Discharged without cause
Loss of a job not due to improper conduct
Discharged for cause
Includes those who quit voluntarily or who are currently taking part in a strike
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