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87 terms

Medical Terminology Ch 11

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abruptio placentae
placenta prematurely separates from wall of uterus
amenorrhea
abnormal absence of menstruation
amniocentesis
extraction of amniotic fluid in pregnant women
amniotomy
artificial rupture of membranes
antepartum
before birth
areola
ring of pigmented skin around nipple
benign prostatic hyperplasia
enlarged prostate
breech presentation
position in which fetus' butt comes out first
bulbourethral gland
either of two glands that discharge seminal fluid into urethra
cephalic presentation
position in which fetus' head comes out first
cervicocolpitis
inflammation of cervix uteri and vagina
cervix uteri
neckline opening to uterus
cesarean section
delivering a child through cutting mother's abdomen
chancre
painless ulcer developing on genitals from syphillis
chancroid
venereal infection caused by ulceration of lymph nodes
chorionic villus sampling
test made in early pregnancy to determine congenital abnormalities in the fetus
climacteric
menopause
colporrhaphy
surgical procedure in which vagina is sutured
colposcopy
examination of tissues in vagina and cervix
condyloma acuminatum
genital wart; cauliflower-like genital & anal warts
conization of the cervix
large biopsy is taken of the cervix in the shape of a cone
cryptorchidism
failure of one or both testes to move into the scrotum after birth
curettage
removal of unwanted tissue in a cavity
cystocele
hernia of urinary bladder that protrudes into vagina
dilation and curettage
surgical procedure in which cervix is dilated and endometrium is scraped off
dysmenorrhea
painful menstruation
dysplasia
enlargement of tissue or organ by proliferation of cells of an abnormal type
endometrial ablation
surgical procedure to remove the endometrial lining of the uterus
endometriosis
condition of endometrial tissue appearing outside the uterus
epididymis
convoluted duct behind testes by which sperm passes on its way to testes
episiotomy
surgical cut made at the opening of the vagina during childbirth
erythroblastosis fetalis
severe anemia in childbirth due to blood group incompatibility
extrauterine
occurring outside the uterus
fistula
surgically made passage between hollow organ and body surface
genitourinary
relating to genitalia and urinary organs
gestation
process of being carried in a womb between conception and birth
gonococcus
bacterium that causes gonorrhea
gravida
number of pregnancy a woman is in
human chorionic gonadotropin
hormone produced in placenta that maintains corpus luteum during pregnancy
hydrocele
accumulation of serous fluid in a body sac
hysteroptosis
prolapse of the uterus
hysterosalpingogram
x-ray of uterus and fallopian tubes
kaposi sarcoma
rare type of skin malignancy that affects AIDS patients
lactiferous
forming or conveying milk or milky fluid
laparohysterectomy
surgical removal of all or part of uterus
mammalgia
breast pain
mammoplasty
surgical repair of breast
mastopexy
plastic surgery to reshape breasts
menorrhagia
abnormally heavy bleeding at menstruation
metrorrhagia
abnormal bleeding from uterus
mons pubis
rounded mass of fatty tissue above pubis
myoma
benign tumor of muscle tissue
myometrium
smooth muscle tissue of the uterus
nullipara
never given birth
obstetrician
specialist of medicine dealing with childbirth
gynecologist
specialist of medicine dealing with health and hygiene of women
oophorectomy
surgical removal of one or both ovaries
oophorosalpingitis
inflammation involving both ovary and fallopian tube
orchidectomy
surgical removal of testes
orchidopexy
surgery to move undescended testes into scrotum
ovarian carcinoma
cancerous growth arising from different parts of the ovary
ovarian cyst
benign tumors of the ovary
papillomavirus
viruses that cause genital warts
parturition
childbirth
pelvic inflammatory disease
inflammation of female genital tract, accompanied by abdominal pain
perimetrium
outer layer of uterus
placenta previa
pregnancy in which placenta is planted in lower uterus
salpingectomy
surgical removal of fallopian tubes
salpingo-oophorectomy
surgical removal of ovaries and fallopian tubes
salpingorrhaphy
suture of a fallopian tube
secundipara
second childbirth
speculum
metal instrument used to dilate a canal to allow inspection
spirochete
bacteria that causes syphilis
syphilis
venereal disease but also congenital to unborn
testicular torsion
spermatic cord that provides blood to testes is cut off
transurethral microwave thermotherapy
uses microwaves to destroy prostate tissue that obstructs urine flow
transurethral needle ablation
uses radio waves to destroy parts of enlarged prostate
transurethral prostatectomy
removal of cancerous tissue from prostate using resectoscope
transurethral resection
removal of tissue form prostate using instrument inserted through urethra
trichomoniasis
infection caused by parasite; infects vagina
tubal ligation
surgical procedure that involves tying fallopian tubes together
vasovasostomy
surgical procedure to restore vas deferens after vasectomy
vasicovaginal
abnormal fistulous tract extending between the bladder and the vagina that allows the continuous involuntary discharge of urine into the vaginal vault.
vulvitis
inflammation of the vulva
condidiasis
fungal infection vulvovaginitis; white patches, cheese like discharge
pubic lice
parasitic infection; severe itching, redness, inflammation of skin & mucous membranes
herpes genitalis
viral infection; blisters & ulceration of genitalia, fever, & dysuria