American History test Chapter 19
Terms in this set (34)
stock market crash and other factors that contributed to the great depresson
There were more order to sell that to buy
What caused the Great Depression
1. Overproducing durable goods
2. Factory inventories begin to stack up
3. The factory owners have to lay off workers
4. Workers have loans they cannot pay
5. Banks fail
Margin buyers believed that when the price of the stock went up, they could sell at a profit and pay off their loans.
The average yearly rate of unemployment in the 10 years of the depression was 15%. 32-33 25%
The _______________ exploded and burned near Lakehurst, New Jersey, killing 36 people (most people considered the crash the most dramatic event of the decade)
Life during the depression
1. Family entertainment
*many people played a new board game called monopoly
*motion pictures, sporting events, magazines
*the color motion picture "gone with the wind"
*Walt Disney created Mickey Mouse
*Churches grew as Christians and non-Christians looked to God in their hard times.
Shacks or slums
-newspapers _______________ blankets
Riding the freight trains from town to town
Hit the Great Plains in 1930, affecting western Kansas, Oklahoma, and the panhandle of Texas
Believed that the excesses of the stock market and other unwise speculations brought on the Great Depression
Soup kitchens, bread lines and shelters
-American Red Cross
The great humanitarian
A company that could hire only union members was said to be a ______________ ______________.
A union represents workers and negotiates for higher wages and certain working conditions.
Sit down strikes
In order to organize workers, the CIO used a tactic known as the ________________.
Paid farmers NOT to plant to limit supply taught soil
Insured deposits in bank accounts; currently guarantees checking and savings deposits in member banks up to $1000,000 per deposited.
A work and relief program that sent young unemployed men to work on conservation projects in rural areas $1 per day.
Control flooding, conserve soil & provide cheap hydro electric power to the poor, rural south
Collective bargaining sit down strikes
Employed 8.5 million workers in construction and other jobs; provided work in art, theater, and literary projects
Government set prices & wages
Established a minimum wage and a 40-hour work week and abolished child labor
People were running on the banks
Closed banks - 8 days -emergency banking relief act - stabilize banks
Younger, more liberal justices, President Roosevelt planes to gain a New Deal majority on the Supreme Court.
Gangster, went to prison for tax evasion
The first woman to pilot an airplane across the Atlantic
His infant son was kidnapped
Wrote "The Grapes of Wrath"
Secretary of Labor - he expressed concern that the Social security Act might be unconstitutional, Supreme Court justice Harlan stone
Radio - FDR had a calming, soothing, voice
-FDR was the first president to make extensive use of communication with people over radio
These social planners helped FDR organize his New Deal programs