HIST Mini-Exam 3 (Ch. 11-13)

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James Madison served as the Secretary of State for Thomas Jefferson and was best known for his work on what document? He was also well known for helping frame the Bill of Rights and switching from sail power to steam power under his presidency.
The U.S. Constitution
Madison inherited Jefferson's embargo policies toward Great Britain. While these policies created tensions in Great Britain, the effects of the polices had the greatest impact on whom?
U.S. merchants
Under what treaty did the U.S. government promise that any future acquisitions of Indian lands would be approved by all native peoples
The Treaty of Greenville of 1795
General William Henry Harrison, governor of the Indiana Territory acquired most of what is present day Indiana in what treaty of 1804
The Treaty of Vincennes
________ (the leader of the Shawnee tribe in the Indiana Territory) and his brother, Tenskwatawa (Ten-squat-awa) AKA the Prophet were angered by the terms of the Treaty of Vincennes and began to organize tribes to resist white settlements
Tecumseh
In 1808 the Prophet established an encampment at the confluence of the Tippecanoe and Wabash Rivers called ____________. From this base the Prophet Tecumseh designed what would become the an Indian confederacy
Prophetstown
In the spring of 1809, Indian Agent _______ _____ was convinced that The Prophet was in communication with the British and had requested neighboring tribes to take up arms against settlers in Vincennes
William Wells
Tensions came to a head in the fall of ____. On November 6th Harrison and 1,000 men encamped about a mile from Prophetstown
1808
Since 1756 British polices regarding trade with neutral nations and the rights of neutral shipping was governed by The Rule of ____ which states, that if a European country has forbidden trade with its colonies in times of peace, trade will not be open to neutrals during time of war.
1756
A faction comprised of primarily Republicans from the South and West referred to as the ___ _____, continued to press for war against Great Britain.
War Hawks
On the 4th of June ____ Congress declared war on Great Britain by one vote. The vote was sharply divided. Support for the war was strongest in the states affected by the British blockade
1812
As with the Revolutionary War, during the War of 1812 the U.S. believed that Canadians, many of whom were native born, would rally to support the U.S. This assumption would be proven T/F?
F
Tactically speaking, at the beginning of the war, ______ was the only place U.S. land forces could engage the enemy. Madison hoped that seizing ______ would ultimately cripple the British navy by seizing its base
in Nova Scotia
Canada
In August of 1812 General ____, intimidated by the gathering of a large British and Indian force surrenders Detroit without a fight. The loss of Detroit and the abandonment of Fort Dearborn (Chicago) demoralized settlers in the west
Hull
Anti-war sentiment almost derailed the presidential election of 1812. Madison won, but only narrowly and (this group) began to re-assert power
The Federalists
In ____, after escaping the British fleet off of New Jersey The U.S.S. Constitution commanded by Cpt. Hull the cousin of General Hull would defeat the British frigates HMS Guerriere. Later under the command of Commodore William Bainbridge the Constitution would sink HMS Java.
...
The _______ planned a multifaceted plan to launch attacks in upstate New York, the mid Atlantic States, and New Orleans
British
The ___________ in 1811 refused to renew the charter for the Bank of the United States. This deficiency resulted in near bankruptcy by the time
Britain launch their assault on the east coast three years later
Republican's
On the 24 Aug 1814 the British landed forces in Maryland near Washington DC. On a field near Bladensburg, MD, the British Army defeated and American force composed primarily of militia. During the attack the militia broke ranks and ran.
The defeat became known as the ___________ Races.
Bladensburg
In August 1814 the British launch an assault under the direction of Admiral ________ on Washington D.C. and burned all of the public buildings in retaliation for a previous U.S. attack on York (Toronto)
Cockburn
In September 1814 the British Navy launch a naval assault on Ft. McHenry in MD which was successfully repelled. During the assault an American on a British truce ship (Star-Spangled Banner) was negotiating the release of a captured citizen when
he observed the battle.
Francis Scott Key
In May of 1814, Napoleon ________ was sent, in exile to the Island of Elba in the Mediterranean Sea. His exile lasted until his escape and return to France in Feb 1815. During his 9 months of exile, British forces were diverted to America to continue the land campaigns.
Bonaparte
In August 1814 commissions from Great Britain and the United States met in the Belgium town of _____ to try and end the Conflict. Both sides were sent with specific instructions by their government regarding what conditions were allowed.
Ghent
By the fall of 1814 both Britain and America had suffered enough. American commissioners were given instructions to drop the issue of impressment. Negations for peace had been going on for most of the fall. On Christmas Eve 1814 the Treaty of _____ was signed. The treaty ended the war and restored relations to the status quo antebellum.
Ghent
Status quo antebellum refers to what?
Pre-war status
Since communication was slow, the Battle of New Orleans actually took place (before/after) the treaty of Ghent had been signed. The treaty would not be ratified by the Senate until Feb 1815.
after
Introduced by John C. Calhoun, the ____ ____ passed in 1816 created the Second Bank of the United States. Among the privileges established by this bill, the Second Bank of the United States could set up branches in any states
bank bill
In an effort to curb British imports the Republican's passed the ______ of ____
Tariff of 1816
Opposition to the Second Bank of the United States was (strongest/weakest) in the Southeast where state banks had already been serving the Tabaco interest
strongest
________ vs. ____ (1810): Established that a Georgia law barring a land grant based on fraud, violated the Constitutional provision barring states from impairing the enforcement of contracts. The courts ruled that the original signed under the
original law must be honored.
Fletcher vs. peck
_________ _______ vs. ________ (1819): Prevented states from interfering with
the rights and privileges of corporations. Dartmouth was established in a contract in 1769 by King
George III. Although King George III was not longer and authority figure the state did not have the right to void the original contract
Dartmouth college vs. woodward
_________ vs. ________ : Challenged the constitutionality of the Bank of the Unites States. Maryland attempted to tax the Bank of the United States. The court ruled that the people of the United States did not intend for the states to control the government
Mcculloch vs. Maryland
The _____ ________ _______ of 1820 resolved many of the issues left unresolved by the War of 1812 such as fishing rights off of Newfoundland and set the border of the Louisiana purchase at the 49th parallel
Anglo American Accords
In ____ President Monroe issued a proclamation to Congress stating that the Americas are no longer to be considered subjects for future colonization by European powers. He further pledged to interfere wherever this took place. This proclamation would
be referred to as the Monroe Doctrine
1822
The __________ Party grew out of the changing politics following the 1824 election
Democratic
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