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35 terms

6th grade Pre-AP Literary Terms

1st quarter lit. terms
STUDY
PLAY
plot
the series of events that make up a story
character
the players in the story
dynamic character
A character who undergoes an important and basic change in personality or outlook.
flat character
typically a secondary character; a character who is not developed and may represent a stereotype
round character
a character who is developed enough throughout the text to seem like a "real" person; the author gives us details about thoughts and personality
static character
A character who stays the same throughout the story
conflict
a struggle between two opposing forces; it moves the plot forward
theme
the "big idea" or lesson learned; connects the story to "real life"
setting
the time and location in which a story takes place
exposition
background information you need to understand the story
rising action
all of the events that lead to the high point (climax) in the story
climax
the highest point of the action in the story (cliffhanger)
falling action
all of the events that follow the high point (climax) in the story and lead to resolution
denouement
the outcome or result of a complex situation or sequence of events occurring near the end of the plot; a French word meaning "unknotting" or "unwinding"
resolution
the final outcome of the conflict in the story
first person point of view
the narrator of the story is a character in the story; uses pronouns like "I" and "me;" cannot always be trusted
second person point of view
the author is speaking directly to the reader and uses the pronoun "you;" used mostly for directions or instructions
third person omniscient point of view
the narrator is an outsider to the story who knows the thoughts, feelings, and actions of many characters; uses pronouns like "they," "he," and "she"
third person limited point of view
the narrator is an outsider to the story but can only tell what they characters are doing and saying; cannot tell characters' thoughts or feelings; uses pronouns like "they," "he," and "she"
external conflict
a struggle between a character and an outside force, such as another character, nature, or society
internal conflict
a struggle that takes place in a character's mind, such as making a major decision or finding a solution to a problem
dialogue
a conversation between characters; can be used to reveal information about characters or advance the plot
direct characterization
the narrator or a character in the story tells us what we need to know about a character
indirect characterization
we find out about characters indirectly through thoughts, comments, or actions of the characters
metaphor
a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to a person, idea, or object to which it is not literally applicable
simile
a figure of speech comparing two unlike things using "like" or "as"
mood
a feeling that the author creates in the reader, such as gloom, fear, or happiness
tone
the writer's attitude toward a subject, character, or audience, conveyed through choice of words and detail, such as serious, humorous, sarcastic, or witty
voice
a distinctive way in which a writer expresses his or her ideas;
connotation
thoughts and emotions associated with a particular word or phrase; how a word makes us feel
denotation
the dictionary meaning of a word
antagonist
A character or force that opposes the main character; the "bad guy"
protagonist
The character the story revolves around; the "good guy"
stereotype
character, with generalized traits that represents how people think a group of people acts, but does not represent the individual.
motivation
the reason or reasons behind a characters actions