35 terms

USI.7 A New Nation

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Articles of Confederation
a constitution written during the American Revolution
established the powers of the new national government during the Revolution
Articles of Confederation
weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation
- weak national government
- Congress had no power to tax or regulate commerce
- no common currency
- each state had one vote regardless of size
- no executive or judicial branches
Constitution
established a federal system of governmnet
federal system of governmnet
power is shared between national and state governments
effect of the weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation
an effort to draft a new constitution
Constitutional Convention
the meeting of state delegates in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation
major decision made by the Consitutional Convention
to not revise the Articles of Confederation but instead to write a new constitution
George Washington
president of the Constitutional convention
major issues for debate during the Constitutional Convention
- how much power to give to the new national government
- how large and small states should be represented
structure of the new national government
three branches
three branches of government
- legislative
- executive
- judicial
legislative branch
the branch of government that makes the laws.
executive branch
the branch of government that carries out laws
judicial branch
The branch of government that interprets laws
used to determine how many votes each state would have in the Senate and the House of Representatives
Great Compromise
Great Compromise
Compromise made by Constitutional Convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislature and representation based on population in the other house.
signing of the Constitution
occured at the end of the convention
event significant to the founding of the American republic
development of the Constitution of the United States
number of states needed to ratify the Constitution
a minimum of 9 out of 13
basis for the Bill of RIghts
- Virginia Declaration of Rights
- Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom
George Mason
author of the Virginia Declaration of RIghts
Thomas Jefferson
author of the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom
Bill of Rights
first ten amendments to the Constitution
purpose of the Bill of Rights
provide a written guarantee of individual rights
some rights found in the BIll of Rights
freedoms of speech and religion
those whose decisions established a strong national government and helped the nation grow in size and power
Congress and the first five presidents
Was the president when:
- the federal court system was established
- the Bill of RIghts was added to the Constitution
- plans were created for the development of the national capital
George Washington
where plans were made to move the U.S. capital
Washington, D.C.
Benjamin Banneker
an African American astronomer and surveyor who helped complete the design for Washington, D.C.
Was president when a two-party system emerged
John Adams
Was president when:
- Louisiana was purchased from France
- Lewis and Clark explored new land west of the Mississippi River
Thomas Jefferson
Was president when the War of 1812 caused European nations to gain respect for the United States
James Madison
Was president when he introduced the Monroe Doctrine
James Monroe
Monroe Doctrine
warned European nations not to interfere in the Western Hemisphere