29 terms

WHI.8 Byzantine Empire

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Constantinople
capital of the Eastern Roman Empire
reason for the move of the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire
to provide political, economic and military advantages
advantages to the location of Constantinople
- protection of the eastern frontier
- distance from Germanic invasions
- crossroads of trade
- easily fortified site on a peninsula
role of Constantinople
- seat of the Byzantine Empire until Ottoman conquest
- preserved classical Greco-Roman culture
- center of trade
Justinian
Byzantine emperor who codified Roman law, providing the basis for the law codes of Western Europe
Justinian's influence on the expansion of the Byzantine Empire
reconquest of former Roman territories
Justinian's influence on the economy of the Byzantine Empire
expansion of trade
what left the Byzantine Empire weakened
the costs of Justinian's wars, despite reconquering territory, and the first appearance of the Bubonic plague
allowed the Byzantine Empire to develop a unique style of art and architecture
Greek Orthodox Christianity and imperial patronage
icons
religious images
mosaics
used in public and religious structures
Byzantine achievements in art and architecture
- icons
- mosaics
- Hagia Sophia
Hagia Sophia
a Byzantine domed church
Byzantine culture
continued Greco-Roman traditions
Byzantine language
Greek
Western Roman language
Latin
Byzantine religion
Greek Orthodox Christianity
weakened the Christian church and led to divisions
cultural and political differences between the Eastern and Western Roman empires
center of the Eastern Church
Constantinople
center of the Western Church
Rome
Greek
language used in the liturgy of the Eastern Church
Latin
language used in the liturgy of the Western Church
Pope
authority of the Western Church
Patriarch
authority of the Eastern Church
celibacy
practice accepted in the Western church
how Byzantine civilization influenced Russian and Eastern European civilizations
through religion, culture and trade
religion adoped in Russia and much of Eastern Europe
Orthodox Christianity
Greek alphabet was adapted for -
the slavic languages by St. Cyril
Cyrillic alphabet
An alphabet based on the Greek alphabet and attributed to the work of St. Cyril in the 9th century.

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