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46 terms

nutrition chapter 1

STUDY
PLAY
energy-yielding nutrients include all of the following except (vitamins, carbohydrates, fat, protein)
vitamins
organic nutrients include all of the following except (minerals, fat, carbohydrates, protein)
minerals
one of the characteristics of a nutritious diet is that the diet provides no constituent in excess. this principle of diet planning is called
moderation
A slice of peach pie supplies 357 calories with 48 units of vitamin A one larg peach provides 42 calories and 53 units of vitamiin A this is an example of
nutrient density
Which of the following adjustments in one's diet would agree with the dietary guidlines for americans?
all of the above (doing good things)
studies of populations in which observation is accompanied by experimental manipulation of some population members are referred to as
intervention studies
both heart disease and cancer are due to genetic causes, and diet cannot influence whether they occur (T,F)
F
both carbohydrates and protein have 4 calories per gram (T,F)
T
If a food is lableld "natural" you can be confident that it is more nutritious than a product not carrying that label (T, F)
F (enriching works too)
According to the healthy people 2010 nutritioun-related objectives, it is recommended that the proportion of persons aged 2 years and older who eat at least two daily servings of fruit be increased (T,F)
T
which of the following conditions is the most nutrition responsive?
Iron-deficiency anemia
the nutrients fall into ___ classifications
six
All of the following nutrients are organic except
minerals
which of the following are energy yielding nutrients, but also provide materials that form structures and working parts of body tissues
protein
in nutrition the word essential means
a necessary nutrient that can be obtained only from the diet
your best friend tells you that she has started taking vitamin supplements to give her energy. how would you respond to her statement?
vitamins provide energy because they undergo oxidation
food scientists measure food energy in
calories
how many calories are in a gram of carbohydrate, protein, fat, alchohol?
4,4,9,7
a food provides 8 grams of fat and 300 total calories. what is the percentage of calories of fat in this product?
8X9=72/300=24%
Which of the following are characteristics of alcohol?
it contributes calories, it interferes with repair of body tissues
a compound in cranberries may prevent some bacteria from clinging to the urinary tract and help prevent urinary tract infections. this compound is an example of a
nutraceutical- a food with medical benifits
the compound that gives hot peppers their burning taste is called a
nonnutrient
data from a national survey showed that on a given day almost half our population consumes no
fruits or fruit juices
sugar, butter and corn oil are examples of _____ foods which provide few nutrients with many calories
partitioned
foods that have been subjected to any process such as addition of addititives, milling or cooking are called ____ foods
processed
which of the following terms was coined in an attempt to identify foods that might lend protection against chronic diseases by way of the nutrients or nonnutrients they contain
functional foods
You purchase a food product that is "enriched." this means that
the product could be nutritious or less nutritious
the major key to evaluating a food is to
determine how you use it within your total diet over time
one of the characteristics of a nutritious diet is that the foods provide enough of each essential nutrient, fiber, and energy. This principle of diet planning is called
adequacy
most foods that are high in calcium are poor sources of iron. this statement illustrates the charactaristic of a nutritious diet known as
balance
a certain amount of fiber in foods contributes to the health of the digestive tract, but too much of fiber leads to nutrient losses. the characteristic of diet planning illustrated by this statement is called
moderation
harry has a monotonous diet and eats the same foods every day. you try to convince him to eat a variety of foods because
some less well-known nutrients and some nonnutrient food components could be important to health AND a monotonous diet may deliver large amounts of unwanted toxins or contaminants NOT that it leads to decreased appetite and weight loss
the source of valid nutrition information is
scientific journals
which of the following research designs are amont the most powerful tools in nutrition research because they show the effects of treatments?
laboratory study and interventions study
this type of research studies population and is often used to search for correlation between dietary habits and disease incidence
epidemiological
you see a new finding about nutrition reported in your local newspaper. based on this information you would
wait to apply the findings until they have been repeated and confirmed by scientists.
the dietary guidelines for americans are intended for adults and healthy children ages ___ and older
two
according to the dietary guidelines for americans, the most healthful diet is
low in saturated fat and provides needed fats and oils not moderate in cholesterol
Nutrition-related health objectives for the nation have been published by the (agricutlture fda health and human diseas control)
department of health and human services
a major guideline for healthy people is to limit calorie intakes and obtain more and varied selections of
fruits and vegetables whole grans nonfat milk
successes in meeting the nutrition objectives for the nation as part of healthy people 2000 included all of the following except (reductions in incidences of food-borne infections, less breast cancer, less overweight people, less dead babies)
less overweight people
effect of physical activity on the body include all of the following except
the one bad thing- decreased bone density
which of the following foods offers the most nutrients per calore
carrots
you can tell a claim about nutrition is suspect if it is
made by an advertiser who is paid to make claims, and it's based in testimonials.
ligitimate nutrition experts gave
a diploma from a university and an approved internship
the credential RD displayed by a dietition's name indicates registration with
the american dietic association