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Arts and Humanities
Phonetics - Midterm
Terms in this set (36)
What is the difference between a consonant and a vowel?
Consonants are produced with an obstruction and vowels are not.
How are consonants classified?
-place of articulation
-manner of articulation
How are vowels classified?
-tongue height (high, mid, low)
-part of tongue involved (front, central, back)
What is an approximant?
A consonant with lesser degree of obstruction. (glides and laterals)
Consonants are VL after aspirated stop.
[tʰen̪θ] - tenth
What is a phone?
A concrete sound /t/
What is a Phoneme?
A family of sounds.
[tʰ] and [t]
What is an allomorph?
A variant of a morpheme.
EX: /z/... as in twigs
/s/... as in cats
The allomorphs of English plural are:
[әz] [s] [z]
What is a Morpheme?
is the smallest meaningful unit in the grammar of a language.
EX: Unladylike has 3 morphemes.
What is the highest Frontal Vowel?
Sounds like ee
seat - [sit]
me - [mi]
Tea - [ti]
Which vowels are rounded?
What is meant by complementary distribution?
Are two sounds that never occur in the same environment.
EX: consonant [p] [pʰ] - aspirated
vowel [i] [iː] -vowel lengthening
What is a minimal pair?
Two words that differ in only one sound (phoneme) in the same environment.
Sue - Zoo
[su] - [zu]
Rope - Robe
[roʊp] - [roʊb]
What is the significance of finding minimal pairs?
They are different and are are different phonemes.
What is an example of a sound in English that never occurs in word initial position?
[ŋ] ng sound
[ʒ] zh sound
What is the difference between feeding order and bleeding order?
In Feeding order the order of rules are made and the application of that rule creates the environment to apply.
In Bleeding order when application of one rule, then blocks application of other rules.
What is the difference between phonological rule and morphophonemic rule?
phonological rule is a rule that relates to phonetic representation of a morpheme.
morphophonemic rule is sounds in general.
The first sound in above [əbʌv] is stressed.
The final sound in papers [peɪpərz] is voiced.
The vowel in hold [hoʊld] is rounded.
All the back vowels in english are rounded.
Disagree, all except [a]
All the rounded vowels in english are back vowels.
[u] [ʊ] [o] [ɔ] - [a]
The word find [faɪnd] contains a diphthong.
The vowel in seat [sit] is shorter than the vowel in seed [sid].
The nasal in seventh and the nasal in sun have the same place of articulation.
The vowel in run [rʌn] is nasalized.
The approximant in clip [klɪp] is voiced.
The K in ski [ski] and the K in Key [ki] represent the same phone.
The K in ski [ski] and the K in Key [ki] represent the same phoneme.
The word beach [biːtʃ] contains a voiced affricate.
The sound in hour [aʊɚ] is a glottal fricative.
The V in Love books [lʌv] [bʊks] is partially voiced.
The V in love [lʌv] is partially voiced.
The V in love school [lʌv] [skuːl] is partially voiced
The word president [ˈprezɪdənt] contains an aspirated stop.
The word president [ˈprezɪdənt] contains an voiced fricative.
The approximant in loss [lɔs] is voiced.
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