41 terms

USI.8 Westward Expansion and Reform

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time when exploration was encouraged as America underwent vast territorial expansion and settlement
between 1801 and 1861
territories added to the United States after 1801
- Louisiana Purchase
- Florida
- Texas
- Oregon
- California
significance of the Louisiana Purchase
doubled the size of the United States
Louisiana Purchase
land bought from France by President Jefferson
Merriwether Lewis and William Clark
explored the Louisiana Purchase and the Oregon Territory
boundaries of the Lewis and Clark expedition
Mississippi River and Pacific Ocean
Florida
give to the U.S. by Spain through a treaty
Texas
added to the U.S.after it became an independent territory
Oregon
Oregon Territory was divided between the U.S. and Great Britain
California
added to the U.S. along with the southwest territory as a result of war with Mexico
motivation for westward migration
geography and economic opportunity
factors that influenced westward migration
- population growth in the east
- availabiliy of cheap, fertile land
- economic opportunity
- chearper and faster transportation
- knowledge of overland trails
- belief in Manifest Destiny
economic opportunities in the west
- gold
- logging
- farming
- freedom
the west provided freedom for -
- runaway slaves
provided the opportunity to find gold in the west
California Gold Rush
improved transportation
- rivers and canals (Erie Canal)
- steamboats
major trails west
Oregon and Santa Fe
Manifest Destiny
the idea that expansion was for the good of the country and was the right of the country
the location of most industrialization in America prior to the Civil War
north
inventor
a person who is the first to think of or make something
entrepreneur
a person who organizes resources to bring a new or better good or service to the market in hopes of earning a profit
Eli Whitney
invented the cotton gin
cotton gin
increased the production of cotton and thus increased the need for slave labor to cultivate and pick the cotton
reaper
farm machine that gathers a food crop from the fields and increased the productivity of the American farmer
Jo Anderson
enslaved African American who worked on inventing the reaper
Cyrus McCormick
an entrepreneur who brought the reaper to market
Robert Fulton
improved the steamboat
steamboat
provided faster river transportation connecting Southern plantations and farms to Northern industries and Western territories
steam locomotive
provided faster land transportation
abolitionists
worked to end slavery
women's suffrage movement
helped women gain equal rights
abolitionists believed slavery was:
- morally wrong
- cruel and inhumane
- a violation of the principle's of democracy
Harriet Tubman
led hundreds of enslaved African Americans to freedom along the Underground Railroad
underground railroad
a network of people who helped thousands of enslaved people escape to the North by providing transportation and hiding places
William Lloyd Garrison
wrote the Liberator newspaper and worked for the immediate emancipation of all enslaved African Americans
Frederick Douglass
wrote the North Star newspaper and worked for rights for African Americans and women to better their lives
key declaration of supporters of women's suffrage
"all men and women are created equal"
supporters of women's suffrage believed women were deprived of basic rights such as:
- the right to vote
- educational opportunities, especially higher education
- equal opportunities in business
- limited in the right to own property
Isabella (Sojourner) Truth
former enslaved African American and nationally known advocate for equality and justice
Susan B.Anthony
an advocate to gain voting rights for women and equal rights for all
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
played a leadership role in the women's rights movement

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