Psychology 1101 Chapter 1
Terms in this set (25)
a broad explanation or group of explanations for some aspect of the natural world that is consistently supported by evidence over time
Psychologists scientifically study
the mind and behavior
empirical method of study is based on
first American psychologist
a person's unconscious and early childhood experiences
chamber that isolates the subject from the external environment
emphasizes the potential for good that is innate to all humans
proposing a hierarchy of human needs in motivating behavior
Aspect of the scientific method which occurs first
Exercising skepticism about a claim by researching where her friends got their information, how reliable it is, and what other sources say about the claim.
Functionalist psychologists focus on
function of behavior and the operation of the whole mind rather than the individual parts
modifying behavior with the use of positive and negative reinforcements
In Maslow's hierarchy of needs, the ________ include food, water, and shelter
basic survival needs
unconditional positive regard
A therapist accepting a client without judgment.
Cognitive revolution created an impetus for psychologists to focus their attention on better understanding of
the mind and mental processes that underlie behavior
Jean Piaget exemplifies
In the study of personality, the ________ model includes dimensions of conscientiousness, agreeableness, neuroticism, openness, and extroversion
Example of health psychology
whether people working at a desk are more likely to be obese
Which theorist had the most influence in shaping how clinicians interact with people seeking psychotherapy?
Focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders and other problematic patterns of behavior.
A psychologist that would be consulted in jury selection and witness preparation.
Focuses on the emotional, social, vocational, and health-related outcomes of individuals who are considered psychologically healthy.
Primary conclusion of Stanley Mailgram's obedience research
Average people will harm others if told to do so by an authority figure.
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