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70 terms

Social Studies 4th Grade

4th Grade Vocabulary
STUDY
PLAY
Adapt
to change in order to survive
Agriculture
the business of growing crops and raising animals
Descend
to move or fall downward
Revolution
a forcible overthrow of a government or social order in favor of a new system
Independent
not under the control or in the power of another; able to act or be done as one wishes
Archaeologist
a social scientist who studies the past by looking at artifacts people have left behind
Artifacts
an object made by a human being, typically an item of cultural or historical interest
Assembly
a group of people gathered together in one place for a common purpose
Bill (mm)
a proposal for a new law
Border
a boundary line that separates two places
Budget
a plan for how you ill spend the money you expect to have
Canal
a ditch dug across land that often connects two waterways
Canyon
a deep, narrow valley with steep sides
Capital
a city where the government of a country or state is located
Cave
a natural underground hole
Cavern
A large cave
Citizen
a person who by law has a right to live in a community
Colony
a settlement that is ruled by another country
Conservation
the careful use of a resource
Constitution
the plan of government for the United States
Culture
a way of life shared by a group of people
Dam
a wall built across a river to stop the flow of water
Declaration of Independence
document declaring the United States free from Great Britain
Democracy
a form of government in which people vote for their leaders
Desert
an area of land that receives very little rain
Diverse
made up of different groups of people
Drought
a time when little or no rain falls
Economy
the way people in a community use resources to meet their needs and wants
Expedition
a journey with a purpose
Federal Government
our national government that deals with problems that affect the entire country
Fertilizer
a substance added to the soil to improve plant growth
Geography
the study of the physical features of the earth and its atmosphere, and of human activity as it affects and is affected by these, including the distribution of populations and resources, land use, and industries
Geyser
a spring that throws jets of heated water and stream into the air
Global
relating to the whole world
Habitat
the place where a type of animal typically lives in nature
History
the study of past events, particularly in human affairs
Hurricane
a storm with heavy rains and high winds
Immigrant
someone who comes from another place to live in a country
Industry
an organized economic activity connected with the production, manufacture, or construction of a particular product or range of products
Irrigation
a way to bring water to dry land, using water from another location
Legislate
make or enact laws
Latitude
the angular distance of a place north or south of the earth's equator
Longitude
the angular distance of a place east or west of the meridian
Government
the action or manner of controlling or regulating a nation, organization, or people
Market
any place where economic activity occurs
Production
the action of making or manufacturing from components or raw materials, or the process of being so manufactured
Mineral
a natural material found in rocks
Natural Resources
a resource supplied by nature
Pesticide
a substance used on crops to kill insects and other pests
Petroleum
a thick, black, oily liquid found underground
Physical Geography
features of land, water, and sky
Plantation
a large farm, usually worked by many people
Plateau
a high, flat landform that rises steeply from the land around it
Pollution
any substance that makes air, water, or soil dirty or unsafe to use
Population
all the inhabitants of a particular town, area, or country
Population Density
a measure of the average number of people living in one unit of area
Distribution
the way in which something is shared out among a group or spread over an area
Rebellion
an armed fight against a government
Renewable Resource
something that renews itself, or re-grows, even as people use up the original supply of it
Republic
a type of government in which people choose leaders to act for them
Reservation
public land set aside by the government for use by American Indians
Reservoir
an area where water is stored for people's use
Scarcity
the idea that the things and resources people want and need are limited
Segregation
the separation of people because of race, religion, or gender
Self-Sufficient
doing everything necessary to take care of yourself on your own
Tax
the money that people and businesses pay to the government to support its functions
Technology
the use of tools and ideas to meet people's needs
Tornado
a violent windstorm whose center is a cloud in the shape of a funnel
Transportation Hub
a city that serves as a center for moving goods and people
Wage
a payment of money for work