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What are three sumerian inventions?

Cuneiform, Irrigation, Plows

what is the center of all sumerican cities?


He was an Akkadian king who created the world's first empire


Another name for which mesopotamia is located

Fertile Crescent

He was a babylonian king who created the code of laws


These were people who invaded Egypt at the end of the Middle Kingdom


Writing surface invented by the Egyptians


2 languages on the Rosetta Stone

Ancient Greek and Egyptian Hieroglyphics

Egyptian god-kings


3 parts of ancient Egyptian history

Old, Middle, New

Used by Shang Kings to consult the Gods

Oracle Bones

Concept that the zhou leaders and later the Chinese leaders declared that justified their power

Mandate of Heaven

Nomads attacked this dynasty's capital in 771 B.C. and effectively took them out of power

Zhou Dynasty

First dynasty to leave written records

Shang Dynasty

First Chinese Dynasty

Xia Dynasty

2 people that Harappans traded with

Mesopotamians and Afghans

3 countries that make up the indian subcontinent

India, Pakistan, Bangledish

Religion whose early beginning can be traced back to the Harappan civilizations


Another name for Indus Valley civilization

Harappan Civilization

Seasonal winds that dominate


Religion of Egypt today


country that the Indus River run through today


2nd most populous country which is located southwest of China


Share of population who is either Indian or Chinese


3 of early river civilizations located on this continent


This region, about the size of Massachusetts, was the site of the first civilization


Herodutus remarked that Egypt was

The Gift of the Nile

This is a legendary king of Mesopotamia whose adventures are detailed in one of the world's earliest works of literature.


What did these early river civilizations do to overcome the challenges they were faced with?

Built irrigation systems to secure their water supply

The cataracts along the Nile are most similar to


Papyrus was used as a surface for the Egyptian writing system called


The main purpose of the pyramids of Egypt was to function as


Ancient Egypt was protected by natural barriers formed by


The legendary firgure Narmer is famous for being

The first ruler of a united Egypt

This is the process by which the ideas, beliefs, and products of one people are shared with and widely accepted by another people.

Cultural Diffusion

Which challenges did all these early civilizations face?

Seasonal Flooding

This part of the area between the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea differs from the surrounding territory in the richness of the land.

Fertile Crescent

This is the belief in many gods.


This is a political unit that operates similarly to an independent kingdom, although it shares a culture with other areas.


The process of mummification was connected to the Egyptian belief in

An afterlife

The Fertile Crescent is located in


The theocracy of ancient Egypt was a belief in the divinity of

the pharoah

The land between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers.


The Sumerians' gods were

Ready to punish at any time

The Nile flooded when

Rains and melted snow from the mountains caused to river to rise

The Sumerians view of death was


This is the result of uniting several peoples, nations, or formerly independent states under one ruler.


From the pyramids, we can tell that the ancient Egyptians

Had the necessary technology and organization to carry out massive projects

Creator of the world's first empire


This is a series of rulers from the same family.


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