10 terms

Chapter 5 Populism

Key terms for the study of the Populist movement.
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Grange
Social and educational organization through which farmers attempted to combat the power of the railroads in the late 19th century.
Populism
The movement to increase farmers' political power and to work for legislation in their interest.
Bimettalism
a monetary system in which the government would give either gold or silver in exchange for paper currency. silverites favored silver and gold. goldbugs favored gold only. silverites wanted more $, which was worth less. gold bugs favored less $ and a more powerful currency.
William McKinley
1897-1901, Republican, supported gold standard, protective tariff, and Hawaiian Islands, against William Bryan (The Great Commoner), assassinated
William Jennings Bryan
Politician who ran for president 1896, 1900 and 1908 under Democrats, was a pro-silverite and Populist leader
Oliver Kelley
considered the "Father" of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry ("The Grange"). a fraternal organization for American farmers that encouraged farm families to organize for their common economic and political good.
Cross of Gold Speech
An impassioned address by William Jennings Bryan at the 1896 Democratic Convention, in which he attacked the "gold bugs" who insisted that U.S. currency be backed only with gold.
economic depression
period when business activity slows, prices and wages drop, and unemployment rises
16th amendment
Amendment to the United States Constitution (1913) gave Congress the power to tax income.
17th amendment
Passed in 1913, this amendment to the Constitution calls for the direct election of senators by the voters instead of their election by state legislatures.