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World War One Review
Terms in this set (42)
The Triple Entente
Britan, Russia and France
The Triple Alliance
Germany, Austria Hungary and Italy
Germany, Ottoman Empire, Austria Hungary and Bulgaria.
France, Great Britain, Russia, Italy and the U.S.
Factors in Allied Victory
More people, more resources, the entrance of the United States, and the British Blockade of Germany.
How many people died in the war?
10 million dead, 20 million casualties.
1914 - 1918
Majority of the war was fought in?
Why was this war different form the other wars?
It was the first Industrial war.
Innovations in Weaponery
Trench warfare, flamethrowers, machine guns, chemical warfare, planes with machine guns and bombs and tanks.
No mans land
Land between opposing trenches.
Going over the Top
This was going over the top of the trenches and charging toward the enemy.
Medical condition caused by prolonged exposure to the distressing experiences of trench warfare.
Attack plan by Germans, lightning quick attack against France.
Proposed to go through Belgium then attack France.
Russia mobilized quickly and then the Germans had to fight on the Eastern and Western front.
Causes of World War I
The assassination of the Archduke of Austria-Hungary, Franz Ferdinand by Gavrilo Princip.
Austria made humiliating demands of Serbia and declared war on July 28, 1914.
Germany supported their ally Austria and Russia supported their ally Serbia.
Battle of Tennenberg
With the French suruggling to fight off germany, Russian forces moved to invade German territory in order to distract them from their advances in France at the Battle of Tennenberg.
A line of trenches and fortifications in World War I that stretched without a break from Switzerland to the North Sea.
Were the majority of fighting took place between Germany and the Allies.
The region along the German-Russian border where Russians and Serbs battled Germans, Austrians, and Turks
After the withdraw of Russia due to civil war and rebellion Germany moved focus to the Eastern front.
A form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battlefield.
Complete mobilization of resources and people.
Information aimed at positively or negatively influencing the opinions or behaviors of large numbers of people.
Role of Women in WW1
Took over male jobs, entering workforce for first time and produced weapons and other supplies for the war efforts.
Battle of Verdun
German effort to kill or injure as many French soldiers as possible, began in February 1916, Both sides suffered almost equal amounts of casualties.
Allied plan to take a peninsula near the Dardanelles to lock the Ottomans out of the war and make an easy travel route to supply Russia.
This was a huge failure for the Allies.
When the Ottoman government accused Armenians of supporting the Russians and used this as an excuse to kill/exile them.
Allied colonies scattered around the world made many contributions to the war.
Like the British Military was composed of Indian, Australian and Canadian troops.
28th president of the United States,
World War I leadership, Treaty of Versailles, sought 14 points post-war plan, League of Nations.
German submarines used in World War I
United States entry into WW1
Unrestricted Submarine Warfare by the Germans and the Zimmerman Note
Intercepted telegram from Germany to Mexico asking Mexico to attack the US causing the U.S. to enter WW1.
A cease fire or temporary suspension of hostilities by agreement of the warring parties.
The war aims outlined by President Wilson in 1918, which he believed would promote lasting peace; called for self-determination, freedom of the seas, free trade, end to secret agreements, reduction of arms and a league of nations.
League of nations
An international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations; suggested in Wilson's Fourteen Points.
Treaty of Versailles
Treaty between France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany to stop WWI.
1. Germany had to accept the Blame for starting the war in the form of a "war guilt" clause.
2. Germany had to pay over 33 billion in Reparations.
3. Germany was forbidden to have an Army over 10000 men, no submarines and no air force.
4. Germany lost territory and colonies to Britain and France.
British desires for the Treaty of Versailles
Great Britain was between Wilson and Clemenceau.
United States desires for the Treaty of Versailles
Wilson introduced America's goals his fourteen points, end of alliances and reduction of military arms and self-determination and for the freedom of the seas and the formation of the league of Nations.
French desires for the Treaty of Versailles
The opposite of Wilson was Clemenceau form France who was nicknamed: The Tiger: for his fierce war policy.
Clemenceau wanted to crush the Germans so that they could never again invade France.
A nation governed by another nation on behalf of the League of Nations.
Statement issued by Britain's Foreign Secretary Arthur Balfour in 1917 favoring the establishment of a Jewish national homeland in Palestine.
Political Changes due to WW1
U.S. emerged as leading power
Dynasties in Austria and Russian and Germany fell.
New nations were created
League of nations established to promote peace
Countries with economic and political discontent.
Economic Changes due to WW1
Paying for war bought heavy taxation and lower living standards.
International trade suffers (tariffs)
Russian began a socialist communist economic system.
Economic problems cause by war helped bring on 1929 depression.
Social Changes due to WW1
Millions of civilian's dead as a result of war, famine and disease.