How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

73 terms

Anatomy and Physiology

Chapter 6 in Milady Standard Cosmetology 2012
STUDY
PLAY
Anatomy
The study of the human body structure that can be seen with the naked eye and how the body parts are organized is called?
Physiology
The study of the function and activities performed by the body's structure is called?
Histology
The study of tiny structures found in living tissue is called?
Microscopic Anatomy
Histology is also known as?
Cell
What is the basic units of all living things?
Protoplasm
what is a colorless jelly-like substance found inside cells in which food elements such as proteins, fats, carbohydrates, mineral salts and water are present?
Nucleus
What is a dense active protoplasm found in the center of the cell?
Hint: It plays an important part of in cell reproduction and metabolism.
Cytoplasm
What is the watery fluid that cells need for growth, reproduction, and self repair?
Cell Membrane
What is the cell part that encloses the protoplasm that permits soluble substance to enter and leave the cell?
Mitosis
When two cells divide into two identical cells (daughter cells) it is called?
Centrioles
What helps moves each side during the mitosis process to help divide the cell?
Metabolism
What is the chemical process that takes place in living organisms, through which the cells ore nourished and carry out their activities?
Anabolism
The process of building up larger molecules from smaller ones, will be needed for cell growth, reproduction and repair?
Catabolism
The braking down of complex compounds within the cells into smaller ones, this process releases energy?
Tissue
A collection of similar cells that perform a particular function?
Connective Tissue
Fibrous tissue that binds together, protects, and supports the various parts of the body?
Adipose Tissue
Technical term for fat, gives smoothness and contour to the body?
Epithelial Tissue
A protective covering on body surfaces , such as skin , mucus membranes, the tissue inside the mouth, the lining of the heart, digestive and respiratory organs, and the glands is?
Muscle Tissue
A tissue that contracts and moves various parts of the body?
Nerve Tissue
A tissue that carries messages to and from the brain and controls and coordinates all bodily functions?
Nine
How many major body organs are there?
Organs
What tissue is designed to perform specific function in plants and animals?
206
The skeletal system is composed of how many bones?
Osteology
What is the study of the skeletal system called?
Myology
What is the study of the muscles called?
Neurology
The study of Nerves?
Nervous System
A well organized body system, composed of the brain , spinal cord , and nerves, that is responsible for controlling and coordinating?
Adductors
A muscle that draws a body part, such as a finger, arm, or toe , inward from the midline of the body?
Abductor
A muscle that draws a body part, such as a finger, arm, or toe , away from the midline of the body?
Flexor
The muscle of the wrist involved in flexing the wrists called?
Pronator
The muscle that turns the hand inward so that the palm faces downward is called?
Supinator
The muscle of the forearm that rotates the radius outward and the palm upward is called?
Extensor Digitorum Longus
The muscle that bend the foot up and extends the toes is called?
Extensor Hallucis Longus
The muscle that extends the big toe and flexes the foot is called?
Bicep
The muscle that lifts the forearm and flexes the elbow is called?
Deltroid
A large, triangular muscle covering the shoulder joint that allows the arm to extend outward is called?
Tricep
A large muscle that covers the entire back of the upper arm and extends the forearm is called?
Extensors
A muscle that straightens the wrist , hand, and fingers to form a straight line is called?
Systems
What are groups of body organs acting together to perform one or more functions?
206
The skeletal system form the physical foundation of the body and is of ____ bones that vary in size and shape and are connected by movable and immovable joints.
Perietal Bones
Bones that form the sides and top of the cranium?
14
Facial skeleton. The framework of the face that is conposed of ___ bones.
Cranium
An oval, bony case that protects the brain.
Eight
How many bones does the cranium have?
Occipital Bone
Hindmost bone of the skull, below the parietal bone; forms the bock of the skull above the nape?
Temporal Bone
Bones that form the sides of the head in the ear region?
Circulatory
Controls the steady circulation of the blood through the body by means of the heart and blood vessels?
Integumentary
Serves as a protective covering and helps regulate the body's temperature; consists of skin and its accessory organs , such as oil and sweat glands, sensory receptors, hair, and nails?
Frontal Bone
Bone that forms the forehead?
Maxilae
Bone of the upper jaw?
Mandible
Lower jawbone; largest and strongest bone of the face?
Humerus
Uppermost and largest bone in the arm, extending from the elbow to the shoulder?
Femur
Heavy, long bone that forms the leg above the knee?
Patella
Also knowns as accessory bone or kneecap. Forms the the kneecap joint?
26
The foot is made up of ___bones?
Myology
Study of nature, structure, function, and diseases of the muscles?
Epicranius
Also known as occipitofrontilis. Broad muscle that coves the top of the skull and consist of the occipitalis and frontalis?
Occipitalis
Back (posterior) portion of the epicranius; the muscle that draws the scalp backward?
Frontalis
Front (anterior) portion of the epicranius; the muscle of the scalp that raises the eyebrow, draws the scalp forward, and causes wrinkles across the forehead?
40
About what percentage of body weight is in muscle?
Masseter
What is the name of the jaw muscle?
Platysma Muscle
Broad muscle extending from the chest and shoulder muscle to the side of the chin; responsible for lowering the lower jaw and lip?
Sternocleidonastoideus
Muscle of the neck that lowers and rotates the head?
Orbicularis Oculi Muscle
Ring muscle of the eye socket; enables you to close your eye?
Crrugator Muscle
Muscle located beneath the frontalis and orbicularis oculi muscle that draws the eyebrow down and wrinkles th forehead vertically?
Bicep
Muscle that produces the contour of the front and inner side of the upper arm; lifts the forearm and flexes the elbow?
Deltoid
Large, triangular muscle covering the shoulder joint that allows the arm to extend outward and to the side of the body?
Triecep
Large, triangular muscle that covers the entire back of the upper arm and extends the forearm?
Extensors
Muscle that straighten the wrist, hand, fingers to form a straight line?
Flexor
Extensor muscle of the wrist involved in flexing the wrist?
Pronator
Muscle that turns the hand inward so that the palm faces downward?
Supinator
Muscle of the forearm that rotates the radius outward and the palm upward?
...
Muscle that draws a body part, such as a finger, arm, toe,