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78 terms

Common Medical Prefixes & Suffixes, Their Meanings, Examples

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a-, an-
without (aplastic)
arteri-, arterio-
artery
arthro-
bone joint
auto-
self
bacteri-, bacterio-
bacteria
bi-
twice, double
bronch-, bronchi-
bronchus
carcin-, carcino-
cancer
cardi, cardio-
heart
chlor-, chloro-
chlorine
chol-
bile
chondro-
cartilage
cis-
on the same side as (chemistry)
co-, col-, com-, con-, cor
together with
crani-, carnio-
cranium (head, skull)
cry-
cold
cyst-
bladder
cyt-
cell
dactyl-
fingers, toes
de-
away, cessation
derm-
skin
dextr-
toward the right
duodeno-
duodenum (small intestine)
dys-
bad, difficult
ect-
outer, outside
encephalo-
brain
end-, endo-
within, inner
enter-, entero-
intestines
erythro-
red
eu-
good, well
ex-
out, away from
extra-
without, outside of
ferri-, ferro-
iron
gloss-
tongue
gyn-, gyne-, gyneco-, gyno-
woman
hem-, hema-, hemat-, hemato-
blood
hist-, histio-
tissue
hydr-, hydro-
water, hydrogen
hyper-
excessive, above normal
hypo-
beneath, less than normal
hyster-
uterus
ileo-
ileum (small intestine)
infra-
below
inter-
among, between
intra-
within
irid-
iris (of the eye)
kerat-, kerato-
cornea (of the eye)
kinesi-, kinesio-
movement
lact-, lacto-
milk
larying-
larynx (in the throat)
latero-
to one side
lepto-
frail, slender, thin
leuko-
white
lip-, lipo-
fat, lipid
lymph-
lymph system, glands
lys-
breaking up, dissolution
macro-
large
mast-, masto-
breast
meg-, mega-, megalo-
large
melan-, melano-
black
mening-, meningo-
meninges
morph-, morpho-
form, shape, structure
mux- ,myxo
mucus
necr-, necro-
death
nephr, nephro-
kidney
neur-, neuri-, neuro-
nerve, nervous system
oculo-
eye
olig-, oligo-
few, little
onco-
tumor
onych-, onycho-
fingernail, toenail
oo-, oophor-, oophoro-
ovary, ovum
ophtalm-, ophthalmo-
eyes
orchi-, orchido-, orchio-
testis
ossi-, osseo-, ost-, oste-, osteo-
bone
ovari-, vario-
ovary
ovi-, ovo-
egg
oxa-, oxo-
addition of oxygen
pan-, pant-, panto-
all, entire