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19 terms

The language of maps

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archiplago
a group of islands
atoll
a small island the shape of a ring or horseshoe formed by deposits of coral sea animals
bay
a shelered part of the sea or lake formed by a curve in its shore
beach
the pebbly or sandy shore of the sea or of a lake
canal
long and narrow strip of water made for boats or for irrigation
canyon
deep and narrow valley with steep walls
cape
a strip of land projecting into a body of water
cliff
steep, high wall of rock, earth, or ice
delta
flat, low-lying land built up from soil carried downstream by a river and deposited at its mouth
Desert
An extremely dry area with little water and few plants
dune
a ridge of sand created by the wind
escarpment
a steep cliff
glacier
a slowly moving mass of ice
gulf
an arm of a sea or ocean partly enclosed by land
harbour
a sheltered port where ships can take on or discharge cargo
hill
A small area of land that is higher than the land around it
iceberg
a large mass of ice floating at sea
island
a land mass that is surrounded by water
isthmus
a relatively narrow strip of land (with water on both sides) connecting two larger land areas