Religion 210 Modules 1/2 Review
Terms in this set (57)
Four Predominant Categories of Native American Religions
Tribal Traditions, New Religious Terms, Native American Christianity, Indian Spirituality
Ghost Dance Movement
Movement started in an effort to unite with the spirits of the dead and make the white people leave. This led to Wounded Knee
Celebrates womanhood when a girl gets her first period
Sacred story that has many different aspects to it, provides new revelations at each encounter
Myth and story allow traditions to move through generations
the black hills. Sacred place to many tribes.
Peyote Road Chief
Leader in a peyote meeting. Responsible to oversee the main elements of the meeting
Rites of Passage
Event that changes an individual or groups on a social basis
Sacred Center (axis mundi)
Center of the earth or world. Seen as a connection to heaven and earth.
Ceremoy once practiced by many tribes, was eventually outlawed by US government. This dance was to honor the sun and prove bravery.
Indian American treaties with the United States government, usually in regards to land
Crisis Cult Movements
Attempts to claim autonomy from colonial powers, usually result in massacre. examples include Ghost Dance and Wounded Knee.
Religion as an orientation towards life, happened when humans "stood up." Thought everything was related in a web of life.
Hopi tradition. Kachinas perform rituals in village, initiation is to learn that they are relatives.
Partly underground chamber for religious events.
Manner in which information, power, and traditions move (either through men or women)
one's set of presumptions about the existence and nature of God or gods, spirituality, etc.
Small hallucinogenic cactus, ingested to achieve trance states. goes back thousands of years in America.
Traditional house where young members of tribes learned traditions and was used for ceremonies.
Event or events done usually in secret in a specific order involving gestures, words, and objects
Medicine man or woman that travels to the spirit world in trance to bring back healing or help for tribe
Allow people to sweat out impurities
Searching for spiritual guidance by oneself
African Baptist Church
One of the oldest black churches in the US. Had a tough time establishing formally because it existed in the south.
African Methodist Episcopal Church
AME. In 1787 began with separation from Methodist Church in Philly, formally founded in 1816.
Anti-slavery codes in gospels
Many gospel songs had hidden meanings of escape
Story of Moses leading Jews out of Egypt. This story inspired many slaves and provided new meaning to religion.
African Episcopal Church
1794. Developed from split in north.
Church of God in Christ
Only one that was not originally from a white church. One of the fastest growing African American denominations
Four Types of African American churches
Pastoral, prophetic, political, nationalistic
Public ceremony of Santeria with many musical parts
Shops that sell old healing method products
Camino de orula
Path of knowledge into initiation
Camino de santo
Develops the governing spirits of the member in the Ile
Religion practiced predominantly in Brazil, oral tradition that involves orishas
Syncretic religion to Roman Catholicism, involves the worship of saints.
Set of beliefs that are directed to spirits and is syncretic with Roman Catholicism, Creole, Yoruba, etc.
System of forced servitude to the conquistadors, to look for gold, build forts & churches, etc.
A community or "house"/ family that one is initiated into, also an alternative to racial identity
Poor Indian who was America's first indegenous saint, credited with discovering the image of the Virgin of Guadelupe
Yoruba dialect and language of Santeria.
another term for initiation
independent, personal spiritual beings who empower life, exist only with humans (have to have one to have the other)
Pilgrimages performed 9 evenings before Christmas, seen as a quest for housing(representing Joseph and Mary)
Demand/ Requirement to submit to god
Leader of Haitian slave rebellion, was eventually burned at the stake
Haitian slave that was ceremonial leader of the rebellion
Virgin of Guadelupe
Representation of the Virgin Mary from Aztec Mother Earth. Discovered by Juan Diego. Symbolizes empowerment and vindication
the mix of multiple different religions and cultures over a period of time
oldest type, condemn racism. primary focus was spiritual and moral comfort. Accomodationist.
slightly political, boldly critical, focus was social ministry and protest activity
outright political involvement, organized voter registration drives, churches served as community centers
Separatist, believe America is incurably racist. racial identity is most important.
Antonio de Montesinos
Dominican priest who tried to help and protect Indians from soldiers
Bartolome de Los Casos
Lobbyist who fought for the rights of Indians