Human Memory


Terms in this set (...)

Rich-experience hypothesis
Proposed by Block & Lamme
Visual consciousness arises during the early, high-resolution stage of visual processing that precedes the relatively late stage in which the attentional spotlight transfers information into durable working memory.
Impoverished-experience hypothesis
Proposed by Cohen & Dennett
Conscious experience includes detailed information only about objects that are attended and transferred to working memory, along with generic (undetailed) or fragmentary information about objects at unattended locations.
Experience lost-access problem
When an experimental test uses the lack of later report to demonstrate a lack of earlier experience.
Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968)
Proposed the multistore model of memory. Sensory memory > Short term memory >><< Long term memory.
Baddeley and Hitch (1974)
Proposed a multimodal model of short term memory with a central executive, phonological loop, visuospatial loop, and later a episodic buffer.
Logie (1995)
Add visual cache (form and color) and inner scribe (spatial and movement) to the visuospatial loop
Cowan (2000)
Proposed a unitary modal of memory where the focus of attention of information is LTM is what is in STM at any given moment.
Craik and Lockhart (1972)
Proposed levels of processing theory
Miller (1956)
Magic number 7