Chapter 4: Becoming A Police Officer

Americans with Disabilities Act
Signed into law in 1990, the world's first comprehensive civil rights law for people with disabilities. The act prohibits dicrimination against people with diabilities in employmeny, public services, public accomodations and telecommunications.
Dothard v. Rawlinson
Supreme Court threw out a 5-foot 2-inch, 120-pound-minimum height and weight qualification for a correctional officer, stating that the employer failed to demonstrate this requirement as necessary for performance of the job.
Vision Requirements
free from color blindness; 20/20 vision with eyeglasses or contacts
Education Requirements
high school diploma or equivalent GED; some even require an associates degree
Law Enforcement Education Program (LEEP)
A federal scholarship and loan program operated by the DOJ between 1968-1976; put money into developing criminal justice programs in colleges and provided tuition and expenses to in-service police officers to go to college
Prior Drug Use Regulations
most common is 10 years free from using hard drugs and 5 years from marijuana; NO HALLUCINAGENS
Criminal Record Restrictions
No felonies; Misdemeanors depend on severity and time elapsed
Recruitment Process
the effort to attract the best people to apply for the police position
Why is it Difficult to Find People to Apply for Policing Jobs?(5
the strong economy luring candidates into the private sector; increased education requirements; high attrition because of retiring baby boomers; the deployment of qualified candidates in Iraq & Afghanistan; the booming homeland security industry after 9/11 luring officers and candidates away from law enforcement
Generation Next
the label given to the current generation of 18-25 year olds
Police Cadet
a nonsworn law enforcement position for young adults over 18
replacing sworn positions with civilian employees
Job Analysis
Identifies the important skills that must be performed by police officers, and then identifies the knowledge, skills, and abilities necessary to perform those tasks.
Job Relatedness
Concept that job requirements must be necessary for the performance of the job a person is applying for.
Guardians Association of New York City Police Department v. Cicil Service Commision of New York
a landmark appellate court decision on the issue of job analysis
Knowledge, Skills, and Abilities (KSAs)
Talents or attributes necessary to do a particular job.
Selection Process
The steps or tests an indicidual must progress through before being hired as a police officer.
Screening Procedures: (9)
writtien aptitude test; personal interview; physical agility test; polygraph exam; voice stress analyzer; psychological evaluation; drug test; medical exam; background investigation
Adverse Impact
a form of de facto dicrimination resulting from a tesing element that discriminates against a particular group, essentially keeping them out of the applicant pool
Emotional Intelligence (EI)
refers to the ability to perceive, control, and evaluate emotions
Physical Agility Test
phsical fitness test used to determine if a candidate has the needed strength and endurance to perform the job of police officer (aerobic, anaerobic, upper body, upper body muscular endurance, abdominal muscular endurance, explosive leg power, & agility)
Lie detector test
Background Investigation
Background interview/investigation, release of information form(waiver), photos, fingerprints, education records, emplyment records, credit check, criminal history, driving record, military history
Police Academy
an academy for training police officers onpolice procedures, state laws, and objectives of law enforcement
Field Training
An on the job training program that occurs after the police academy under the sirection of an FTO
Hogan's Alley
a shooting courise in which "good guys" and "bad guys" pop up, required police officers to make split second decisions
In-Service Training
training that occurs during a police officer's career, usually on a regular basis and usually within the department; often required by department policy or state mandadte (ethics, use of force, cultural awareness, stress, domestic violence, workplace harassment, critical incidents, hate crimes, victim assistance, hostage situations, pursuits, interviews & interrogations, fraud, identity theft, and computer crime)
Probatory Period
The period in the early part of an officer's career in which the officer can be dismissed if not performing to the department's standards