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Which digestive process normally occurs only in the mouth


Which histological layer of the digestive tract is composed primarily of epithelial tissue?


What role of the stomach is essential to life?

production of intrinsic factor

Which organ of the digestive tract is the body's major digestive organ?

small intestine

What is the major digestive function of the pancreas?

production of digestive enzymes

Which of the following processes occurs only in the large intestine?


Which part of the digestive system is the major location for absorption of the end products of digestion?

small intestine

Which enzymes are responsible for the final chemical breakdown of carbohydrates, amino acids, and nucleic acids?

brush border enzymes

Absorbed lipids are transported from intestinal epithelial cells to the lymphatic system in what form?

in the form of chylomicrons

Which vitamins are made by the bacteria in the large intestine?

B complex and K vitamins

Which nutrients function as coenzymes and are needed in only small amounts?


What is the primary function of cellular respiration?

generate ATP

Which nutrient molecule is the pivotal fuel molecule in the oxidative pathways?


Which of the following is NOT a pathway in the oxidation of glucose?


Which term describes the breakdown of stored fats into glycerol and fatty acids?


Which nutrients are the most important anabolic nutrients?

amino acids

Which hormone directs essentially all events of the absorptive state?


What is the most essential role of the liver?

protein metabolism

Which hormone is called the "metabolic" hormone?


Which brain region is the main integrating center for thermoregulation?


Which of the following is the functional unit of the kidney?


What is the juxtaglomerular apparatus?

system that regulates the rate of filtrate formation and systemic blood pressure

What type of capillaries make up the glomerulus?


Overall, which of the following pressures is ultimately responsible for glomerular filtration?

net filtration pressure

Which of the following is NOT a major urine formation process?


Which hormone(s) is/are required for facultative water reabsorption in the collecting ducts?


A non-fasting urine sample from an individual who has previously eaten donuts and a soft drink showed the presence of sugar (glucose). Which of the following statement explains the presence of the glucose in the urine?

The individual exceeded the transport maximum

What is the largest component of urine by weight, other than water?


Which urinary structure serves as the temporary storage site for urine?

urinary bladder

Which part of the brain controls the micturition reflex?


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