How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

30 terms

Chapter 23, 24, & 25. A & P Mastering

STUDY
PLAY
Which digestive process normally occurs only in the mouth
ingestion
Which histological layer of the digestive tract is composed primarily of epithelial tissue?
mucosa
What role of the stomach is essential to life?
production of intrinsic factor
Which organ of the digestive tract is the body's major digestive organ?
small intestine
What is the major digestive function of the pancreas?
production of digestive enzymes
Which of the following processes occurs only in the large intestine?
defecation
Which part of the digestive system is the major location for absorption of the end products of digestion?
small intestine
Which enzymes are responsible for the final chemical breakdown of carbohydrates, amino acids, and nucleic acids?
brush border enzymes
Absorbed lipids are transported from intestinal epithelial cells to the lymphatic system in what form?
in the form of chylomicrons
Which vitamins are made by the bacteria in the large intestine?
B complex and K vitamins
Which nutrients function as coenzymes and are needed in only small amounts?
vitamins
What is the primary function of cellular respiration?
generate ATP
Which nutrient molecule is the pivotal fuel molecule in the oxidative pathways?
glucose
Which of the following is NOT a pathway in the oxidation of glucose?
gluconeogenesis
Which term describes the breakdown of stored fats into glycerol and fatty acids?
lipolysis
Which nutrients are the most important anabolic nutrients?
amino acids
Which hormone directs essentially all events of the absorptive state?
insulin
What is the most essential role of the liver?
protein metabolism
Which hormone is called the "metabolic" hormone?
thyroxine
Which brain region is the main integrating center for thermoregulation?
hypothalamus
Which of the following is the functional unit of the kidney?
nephron
What is the juxtaglomerular apparatus?
system that regulates the rate of filtrate formation and systemic blood pressure
What type of capillaries make up the glomerulus?
fenestrated
Overall, which of the following pressures is ultimately responsible for glomerular filtration?
net filtration pressure
Which of the following is NOT a major urine formation process?
micturition
Which hormone(s) is/are required for facultative water reabsorption in the collecting ducts?
ADH
A non-fasting urine sample from an individual who has previously eaten donuts and a soft drink showed the presence of sugar (glucose). Which of the following statement explains the presence of the glucose in the urine?
The individual exceeded the transport maximum
What is the largest component of urine by weight, other than water?
urea
Which urinary structure serves as the temporary storage site for urine?
urinary bladder
Which part of the brain controls the micturition reflex?
pons